This report provides an initial evaluation of the comprehensive reform of the Spanish labour market undertaken in 2012. It describes the key components of the 2012 reform and places them in the context of the evolution of labour market institutions in other OECD member countries, with a particular focus on collective bargaining and employment protection legislation. The report also assesses the impact of the reform on the ability of firms to adjust wages and working time to cope with demand shocks, as well as the flows in the labour market for different types of contracts and the overall duality of the Spanish labour market. It also considers what complementary reforms would be required to improve the effectiveness of the labour market reform, in particular in the area of active labour market policies.
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Adults obesity rates are high in Spain compared to the OECD. One in 6 adults is obese in Spain, and more than 1 in 2 is overweight (including obese).
The average worker in Spain faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 40.7% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Spain was ranked 14 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.
This Report gives a positive assessment of Spain’s public administration reform agenda and says few countries have put forward such ambitious and comprehensive plans for public reform. The review warns that the reforms must be an ongoing project and suggests giving citizens a bigger voice in the process as a way to enhance trust. It also notes that support from sub-national governments will be crucial.
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Note summarising Spain's results in the PISA 2012 problem solving assessment.
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This note presents key findings for Spain from Society at a Glance 2014 - OECD Social indicators. This 2014 publication also provides a special chapter on: the crisis and its aftermath: a “stress test” for societies and for social policies.
Spain has seen a recovery in output as a substantial reduction in unit labour costs improved its competitiveness.
El ajuste producido como resultado de la crisis ha sido especialmente doloroso en países del sur de Europa, como España.
The adjustment following the crisis has been particularly painful in Southern European countries, including Spain.
This report provides an initial evaluation of the comprehensive reform of the Spanish labour market undertaken in 2012. The report was commissioned to the OECD by the Spanish government and it complements the evaluation of the 2012 labour market reform undertaken by the Labour Ministry (Ministerio de Empleo y Seguridad Social (MEySS)) and presented in September 2013.