English, PDF, 401kb
The tax-to-GDP ratio in Spain increased by 0.5 percentage points, from 33.2% in 2016 to 33.7% in 2017. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.0% to 34.2% over the same period.
Spanish, PDF, 546kb
La revolución digital, la globalización y los cambios demográficos están transformando los mercados laborales en una época de baja productividad y escaso crecimiento de los salarios, así como alta desigualdad. La nueva Estrategia de empleo de la OCDE ofrece un marco global y recomendaciones para ayudar a los países a afrontar estos desafíos.
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The digital revolution, globalisation and demographic changes are transforming labour markets at a time when policy makers are also struggling with slow productivity and wage growth and high levels of income inequality. The new OECD Jobs Strategy provides a comprehensive framework and policy recommendations to help countries address these challenges.
This is a very good time to be talking about these matters. As you know, yesterday, together with Minister Calviño, we launched our 2018 Economic Survey of Spain, which fundamentally highlights the strength of the Spanish economy and urges you to continue with your reform drive towards a model of inclusive growth that leaves no one behind.
Although responsible business conduct is a duty for businesses, it also offers major business opportunities. There are numerous studies showing that socially responsible businesses get better financial results, thanks to their enhanced reputation, their capacity to attract and retain more highly qualified staff, and the broader “social licence to operate” they enjoy.
When we launched the Global Deal at the United Nations in September 2016, together with the Swedish Prime Minister, Stefan Löfven, and the ILO, I said that it was “an initiative whose moment had come”. Two years on, its relevance has continued to grow. Today, more than ever, we are faced with the acute need to relaunch social dialogue as a fundamental driver to foster a more human, more inclusive economy.
The recovery of the Spanish economy has been more dynamic than most euro area economies, with a robust 3% GDP growth in the past three years. Although it is still extremely high, unemployment has fallen to 14.5% from its peak of 26% in 2013, and in the past year alone 478 000 jobs have been created.
Inequality is not a new phenomenon, but what is new are the levels of inequality that have increased rapidly in recent years. This is something that we have been documenting for a long time in the OECD. This work is unknown to a large proportion of the general public, but it is work that we are very proud of because it has helped to push inequality to the forefront of political debate.
In Madrid, the Secretary-General will present the 2018 OECD Economic Survey of Spain, alongside Ms. Nadia Calviño, Minister of Economy and Enterprise of Spain. He will also deliver remarks at an event signalling the Accession of Spain to the Global Deal, alongside Ms. Magdalena Valerio, given that the OECD houses the Global Deal’s Support Unit.
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Resistance proportions for eight antibiotic-bacterium pairs in Spain have increased in recent years, from 14% in 2005 to 18% in 2015, and could go up to 19% by 2030, should current trends in antibiotic consumption, population and economic growth continue into the future. Resistance proportions in Spain were similar to the OECD average in 2015 (17%).