4/12/2009 - “We need action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and we need it now.” - OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
In the lead-up to COP15, there have been renewed calls for developed countries to assist developing countries’ efforts to reduce their greenhouse gases emissions.
OECD data show that members of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) provided USD 3.8 billion in bilateral official development assistance (ODA) in 2007 to help developing countries reduce their own emissions. This represents about 4 percent of total bilateral ODA that year. The largest donors were Japan (USD 1.3 billion), Germany (USD 0.8 billion) and France (USD 0.5 billion). This funding contributes to sustainable development and greenhouse gas reduction in developing countries’ energy, transport, water and forestry sectors.
These data are based on the Rio marker on climate change, established by the DAC. A brochure is available that sets out data on each DAC member’s aid in support of climate change mitigation.
DAC members are in the final stages of agreeing on a similar marker to track their aid in support of adaptation to climate change in developing countries. This will allow a full picture of all aid in support of developing countries' efforts to address climate change.
Please note when interpreting the data: Figures shown relate to DAC members’ bilateral aid, and do not include multilateral contributions to GEF, UNEP and other organisations active in the field of climate change mitigation. Figures are based on donors' indications of the policy objectives of each activity and are not an exact quantification of aid contributions to reducing climate change. Thus the figures are approximate, best estimates of the funding which falls under the full definition of the aid to climate change (mitigation) marker.
For more general information on OECD work on development co-operation and climate change please visit: www.oecd.org/dac/environment/climatechange
For more information on measuring aid in support of the objectives of the Rio conventions please visit: www.oecd.org/dac/stats/rioconventions