This publication aims to provide the first comprehensive and consistent record of energy subsidies in the EaP region, with a view to improving transparency and establishing a solid analytical basis that can help build the case for further reforms in these countries (this study covers Armenia, Azerbaijan Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine). Based on OECD standard methodology, the study provides quantitative estimates of government support provided to consumers and producers of coal, oil and related petroleum products, natural gas, and electricity and heat generated on the basis of these fossil fuels. This report also briefly looks at public support allocated to energy efficiency measures and renewable energy sources in the EaP countries, and discusses the taxation and energy pricing policies that underpin the analysis of energy subsidies.
This publication was prepared within the framework of the “Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN) Project, supported by the European Union and co-ordinated with governments of the EaP countries and UN partners: UNECE, UN Environment and UNIDO.
Les Examens environnementaux représentent un processus de recherches et d'analyses très complètes, afin d'aider les gouvernements à améliorer les politiques qui ont un impact sur l'environnement. Les brochures présentent les étapes-clés du processus, pour chaque examen à venir : la République Tchèque et la Hongrie à paraître en 2018 ; l'Australie, l'Indonésie et la Turquie à paraître en 2019.
Read what OECD bloggers have to say about topics as varied as air pollution, biodiversity, climate, environmental policies, green finance, green growth, investment, waste and water. Join the discussion on our latest blogs.
Earth observation data is a unique source of commensurable information. It can be combined with administrative, social and economic data at multiple scales for in-depth policy analysis. The OECD is currently working with earth observation data providers and key partners to develop its geospatial data capacity.
The OECD is developing an improved method to generate more detailed indicators on protected areas, both terrestrial and marine, for countries across the world. It applies a harmonised methodology to data from the World Database on Protected Areas.
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Consultez l'ensemble des examens de performance environnementale de l'OCDE, de 1993 à nos jours.
Ce Collaboratif mène et coordonne des travaux visant à améliorer l'identification et la mesure des flux de finance climat privée dans l'effort international dans la lutte contre le changement climatique. Le récent rapport explore des méthodes économétriques afin d’estimer la finance privée mobilisée par l’action publique du secteur des énergies renouvelables. Plus d'informations sur le programme pour 2017.
This report is the first review of Peru’s environmental performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on environmental management (air, waste and chemicals, water and biodiversity) and the sustainable use of the natural resource base. The environmental performance of the farming, fishing and mining sectors is analysed in detail.
Volume 7 of the Series compiles the OECD consensus documents for use in environmental risk assessment of transgenic organisms (biosafety) issued in 2016 and 2017.
The first two chapters cover the biology of plant species (sorghum and tomato) and include elements of taxonomy, centres of origin, reproductive biology, genetics, outcrossing, crop production and cultivation practices, interactions with other organisms, main pests and pathogens, and biotechnological developments.
The third chapter relates to Atlantic salmon, the first OECD biosafety publication to address an animal species. It describes the biology and ecology of wild salmon (including classification, life stages, reproduction, centres of origin, geographical distribution, population dynamics, interaction with other organisms) and of the farmed form (domestication, aquaculture rearing practices, biocontainment, interactions with the external environment). It also provides elements of genetics, research on genetically engineered salmon and resources for its risk assessment.