English, , 512kb
The current document provides policy guidance in order to improve ERCA indicators in the region of Eastern Europe, Caucasus, and Central Asia (EECCA).
The current crisis provides an impetus to push forward difficult reform, an opportunity that should not be wasted for the water sector, according to Angel Gurría. He affirmed that there were huge opportunities for job-creating and “shovel ready” investments in the water sector, particularly for water saving and the rehabilitation of networks, which require relatively short design and construction planning, compared to other types of
English, , 598kb
The paper presents an overview of the main features of the existing EECCA systems of surface water quality standards and the need to improve them. It also describes the key conceptual directions for reform based on OECD and EECCA country experience.
Un milliard d’êtres humains ne disposent pas d’eau potable et 2.5 milliards n’ont pas accès à des services d’assainissement de base, causant chaque année 1.5 million de décès évitables d’enfants. Alors que les gouvernements mettent en place des plans d'urgence pour répondre à la crise, nous devons garder à l'esprit que l’eau reste notre bien le plus essentiel et trouver des approches inédites et novatrices pour permettre à tous
English, , 1,208kb
This document provides EECCA environmental authorities with guidance on how to determine and apply administrative fines for environmental offences.
Russian, , 1,326kb
Штрафы являются самой распространённой мерой административного правоприменения в сфе
Monetary penalties (fines) are the most widespread administrative environmental enforcement instrument in EECCA countries as well as internationally, intended both to punish non-compliance and prevent its future re-occurrence.
English, , 542kb
Ensuring an effective regulation of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises is a substantial policy challenge for environmental authorities worldwide, not least because this group has a number of particularities that inhibit the impact of conventional compliance monitoring and enforcement approaches.
English, , 1,153kb
Kazakhstan has developed an extensive corpus of environmental laws and put in place a system of non-compliance response in order to make environmental law work. This system foresees administrative, civil, and criminal liability and provides for administrative and judicial paths of enforcement.&l