Latest Documents


  • 6-décembre-2017

    Français

    Traiter les problèmes environnementaux avec l'aide des sciences comportementales

    Les enseignements des sciences comportementales peuvent aider les décideurs à mieux comprendre les mécanismes comportementaux qui concourent aux problèmes d’environnement et leur permettre d’élaborer et de mettre en œuvre des réponses plus efficaces. Ce rapport passe en revue les applications récentes des enseignements des sciences comportementales qui visent à orienter les individus et les entreprises vers des décisions de consommation, d’investissement et de mise en conformité plus durables.

    En s’appuyant sur les interventions mises en place par les ministères et organismes chargés des questions d’environnement et d’énergie et sur le travail des équipes intergouvernementales d’étude des enseignements des sciences comportementales, le rapport décrit comment les sciences comportementales ont été intégrées dans les processus d’élaboration des politiques. Différents domaines d’action sont abordés : consommation d’énergie, d’eau et de produits alimentaires, choix du mode de transport et du véhicule, gestion des déchets et efficacité d’utilisation des ressources, respect de la réglementation environnementale et participation à des programmes volontaires. Le rapport met en lumière ce qui a marché – ou pas – dans les pratiques mises en œuvre dans les pays de l’OCDE et ailleurs.

  • 18-October-2017

    English

    Green Talks Live: Water Risk Hotspots for Agriculture

    Where are the water risk hotspots? How will they affect markets, trade or food security and what can be done? Join us on 18 October at 17:00 CEST to learn more about using the hotspot approach to tackle these agriculture water risks. The talk will highlight findings from the recently published OECD report "Water Risk Hotspots for Agriculture".

    Related Documents
  • 26-September-2017

    English

    The Land-Water-Energy Nexus - Biophysical and Economic Consequences

    This report contributes to the discussion of interconnections between scarce resources by highlighting the nexus between land, water and energy (the LWE nexus). It focuses on a dynamic, integrated, and disaggregated analysis of how land, water and energy interact in the biophysical and economic systems. The report provides projections for the biophysical and economic consequences of nexus bottlenecks until 2060, highlighting that while the LWE nexus is essentially local, there can be significant large-scale repercussions in vulnerable regions, notably on forest cover and in terms of food and water security.
     
    The analysis is based on coupling a gridded biophysical systems model with a multi-regional, multi-sectoral dynamic general equilibrium modelling assessment. Numerical insights are provided by investigating a carefully selected set of scenarios that are designed to illustrate the key bottlenecks: one scenario for each resource bottleneck, plus two scenarios that combine all bottlenecks, with and without an overlay of climate change.

  • 20-July-2017

    English

    Spatial Planning INstruments and the Environment (SPINE)

    This work consists of a series of spatially explicit empirical analyses of the relationships between land use patterns, socioeconomic outcomes, environmental pressures, and the use of specific policy instruments. Our latest report "Multi-objective local environmental simulator (MOLES 1.0): Model specification, algorithm design and policy applications".

    Related Documents
  • 19-July-2017

    English

    The Rising Cost of Ambient Air Pollution thus far in the 21st Century: Results from the BRIICS and the OECD Countries - Environment Working Paper

    This paper presents updated results for the cost of ambient air pollution in 41 countries: the 6 major emerging economies known as the BRIICS – Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa – and the 35 OECD member countries.

    Related Documents
  • 4-May-2017

    English

    Multi-objective local environmental simulator (MOLES 1.0): Model specification, algorithm design and policy applications - Environment Working Paper

    This paper describes MOLES 1.0, an integrated land-use and transport model developed with Object-Oriented Programming principles in order to combine selected characteristics from Spatial Computable General Equilibrium and microsimulation models. MOLES 1.0 models the links between urban land use, mobility patterns, urban economic activities and their environmental impacts, in particular air pollution and emissions of greenhouse gases.

  • 15-March-2017

    English

    The costs and benefits of regulating chemicals

    The SACAME project supports the socio-economic analysis of chemicals by allowing a better quantification and monetisation of health- and environmental impacts. This research, funded by the European commission, builds on the OECD's work on quantifying the social costs of environmental externalities, particulary in recent years on the costs of air pollution.

  • 7-October-2016

    English

    Environmental taxation

    A broader use of environmental taxation or emission trading systems would be one of the most efficient and effective ways of promoting green growth.

    Related Documents
  • 20-September-2016

    English

    Extended Producer Responsibility

    OECD defines EPR as an environmental policy approach in which a producer's responsibility for a product is extended to the post-consumer stage of a product's life cycle.

    Related Documents
  • 25-août-2016

    Français

    Zonage environnemental et développement urbain : Les parcs naturels régionaux en France - Document de travail de l'environnement

    Cette étude présente une analyse empirique d’un certain nombre des effets secondaires qui peuvent être associés à ces instruments, en considérant le cas des parcs naturels régionaux (PNR) français. Elle examine trois effets secondaires sur le développement urbain dans la zone réglementée qui peuvent être associés à l’existence d’un PNR.

    Documents connexes
  • 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 > >>