OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Latvia 2019

Latvia has come a long way in improving its environmental performance and the well-being of the population. Large amounts of investment have helped increase the use of renewables, improve energy efficiency of homes, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and extend access to water and waste services. However, convergence with more advanced OECD economies is far from being accomplished. Forestry and agriculture play a key economic role, but exert increasing pressures on biodiversity. Mainstreaming biodiversity considerations into economic development policies should be a priority. Accelerating the transition towards a low-carbon and circular economy will require major investment in sustainable infrastructure, more waste prevention and recycling and stronger economic instruments. This is the first Environmental Performance Review of Latvia. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on waste and circular economy, and biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.

Published on October 17, 2019Also available in: French, Latvian

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Reader’s guide
Abbreviations and acronyms
Country acronyms
Basic statistics of Latvia
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Progress towards sustainable development3 chapters available
Environmental performance: Trends and recent developments
Environmental governance and management
Towards green growth
Progress towards selected environmental objectives2 chapters available
Waste, material management and circular economy
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Remarks by the oecd secretary-general (may 2019)

“Unemployment is falling, living standards and well-being are improving, and Latvia has decoupled economic growth from greenhouse gas emissions, through trail-breaking use of renewable energy. To build on this performance, it is critical that Latvia continues economic reforms that make growth more robust, inclusive and environmentally friendly,” Mr Gurría said.


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Key Statistic

Latvia among OECD leaders in renewables

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Presentation on waste, Materials management and the circular economy (october 2019)

Waste, materials management and circular economy in Latvia - 17 October 2019 from OECD Environment


Environment workshop presentation (May 2019)

Presentation by the Secretary-General (May 2019)

Further reading


Latvia's review process

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  • For more information on this review please contact Ivana Capozza, Review Co-ordinator for Latvia.
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