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  • 16-juillet-2018

    Français

    L’économie tchèque est florissante, mais il est vital de donner un coup de pouce aux niveaux de qualification et de productivité, amorcer la transition vers un modèle productif a faible émission de carbone pour une croissance durable et inclusive

    L’économie tchèque est florissante, affichant des taux d’emploi solides, des exportations en hausse et une dette publique en repli. Selon deux nouveaux rapports de l’OCDE, les efforts doivent désormais porter en priorité sur l’amélioration des compétences et l’innovation pour accroître l’offre de main-d’œuvre et la productivité, réduire d’avantage la pauvreté et les inégalités, et verdir l’économie.

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  • 13-July-2018

    English

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, in Prague on 16 July 2018

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, will be in Prague on 16 July 2018 on an official visit. He will present the 2018 OECD Economic Survey and the Environmental Performance Review of the Czech Republic.

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  • 10-July-2018

    English

    Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Sustainable Development

    The need to mainstream biodiversity into economic growth and development is being increasingly recognised and is now also firmly embedded in the Sustainable Development Goals. Drawing on experiences and insights from 16 predominantly megadiverse countries, this report examines how biodiversity is being mainstreamed in four key areas: 1) at the national level, including national development plans and other strategies, institutional co-ordination and national budgets; 2) the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors; 3) in development co-operation; and 4) the monitoring and evaluation of biodiversity mainstreaming and how this could be improved.
  • 28-juin-2018

    Français

    La Hongrie a progressé dans le verdissement de son économie, mais doit maintenant redoubler d’ambition

    La Hongrie a su rendre son économie plus respectueuse de l’environnement et réduire ses émissions, mais elle doit à présent accélérer ses efforts pour remplacer les combustibles fossiles par des sources d’énergies renouvelables, améliorer l’efficacité énergétique des bâtiments et promouvoir des transports durables, comme le montre une nouvelle étude de l’OCDE.

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  • 23-June-2018

    English

    Safety Assessment of Transgenic Organisms in the Environment, Volume 8 - OECD Consensus Document of the Biology of Mosquito Aedes aegypti

    Volume 8 of the Series contains the first biosafety ‘consensus document’ to deal with the biology of an insect, the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Issued by the OECD Working Group on the Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology, the science-based consensus documents collate information for use during the regulatory risk assessment of biotechnology products, i.e. transgenic organisms (plants, animals, micro-organisms) when intended for release in the environment. Ae. aegypti mosquito is vectoring yellow fever, dengue, Zika and Chikungunya diseases in tropical and sub-tropical regions worldwide. Biotechnological applications are developed to control the mosquito population and reduce virus transmission. The book provides information on Ae. aegypti taxonomy, morphology, life cycle, reproductive biology, genetics, ecology, interactions with other species and the environment. The mosquito effects on human and animal health, and the control strategies/specific programmes to limit its development are also summarised.
  • 14-June-2018

    English

    Rethinking Urban Sprawl - Moving Towards Sustainable Cities

    This report provides a new perspective to the nature of urban sprawl and its causes and environmental, social and economic consequences. This perspective, which is based on the multi-dimensionality of urban sprawl, sets the foundations for the construction of new indicators to measure the various facets of urban sprawl. The report uses new datasets to compute these indicators for more than 1100 urban areas in 29 OECD countries over the period 1990-2014. It then relies on cross-city, country-level and cross-country analyses of these indicators to provide insights into the current situation and evolution of urban sprawl in OECD cities. In addition, the report offers a critical assessment of the causes and consequences of urban sprawl and discusses policy options to steer urban development to more environmentally sustainable forms.
  • 30-May-2018

    English

    Paris Collaborative on Green Budgeting

    The Paris Collaborative on Green Budgeting was launched by the OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría at the One Planet Summit in Paris on 12 December 2017. It aims to design new, innovative tools to assess and drive improvements in the alignment of national expenditure and revenue processes with climate and other environmental goals.

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  • 24-mai-2018

    Français

    Les pouvoirs publics doivent agir pour encourager les marchés du recyclage des plastiques

    Les marchés du recyclage des plastiques tardent à atteindre leur plein potentiel car leur développement est entravé par les faibles taux de recyclage des déchets plastiques, la mauvaise qualité des plastiques recyclés et le manque d’incitations par les prix, affirme un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.

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  • 24-May-2018

    English

    Improving Markets for Recycled Plastics - Trends, Prospects and Policy Responses

    Plastics have become one of the most prolific materials on the planet: in 2015 we produced about 380 million tonnes of plastics globally, up from 2 million tonnes in the 1950s. Yet today only 15% of this plastic waste is collected and recycled into secondary plastics globally each year. This report looks at why this is the case and what we can do about it, as the pervasiveness of plastics is becoming an urgent public health and planetary problem. Not only is the diffusion of waste plastics into the wider environment creating hugely negative impacts, but plastics production emits approximately 400 million tonnes of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions annually as a result of the energy used in their production, transport, and final waste treatment. Improved plastics collection and recycling represents a promising solution to these concerns.
  • 23-April-2018

    English

    OECD Green Growth Policy Review: Indonesia 2019

    The OECD proposes to conduct a first-of-its-kind review of Indonesia’s green growth policies, with the co-operation of four Ministries.

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