Watch the video - On 22 June 2017, OECD Environment Director Simon Upton presented key findings from the OECD report "Investing in Climate, Investing in Growth" during a Green Talks LIVE webinar. The report shows that integrating measures to tackle climate change into regular economic policy will have a positive impact on economic growth over the medium and long term.
Behavioural insights can help policy makers obtain a deeper understanding of the behavioural mechanisms contributing to environmental problems, and design and implement more effective policy interventions. This report reviews recent developments in the application of behavioural insights to encourage more sustainable consumption, investment and compliance decisions by individuals and firms.
Drawing on interventions initiated by ministries and agencies responsible for environment and energy, as well as cross-government behavioural insights teams, it portrays how behavioural sciences have been integrated into the policy-making process. The report covers a variety of policy areas: energy, water and food consumption, transport and car choice, waste management and resource efficiency, compliance with environmental regulation and participation in voluntary schemes. It shows what has proven to work – and what has not – in policy practice in OECD countries and beyond.
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This work is based on large-scale periodic surveys on Environmental Policy and Individual Behaviour Change (EPIC). The first two rounds involved more than 10 000 households across a number of countries. Five areas where households exert particular environmental pressures are examined: residential energy and water use, transport choices, food consumption, and waste generation and recycling.
This paper explores the relationship between environmental regulation, innovation, and competitiveness, drawing upon a unique dataset on environmental regulations directed at combustion plants, a global dataset of power plants, and a global dataset of ‘environmental’ patents. The analysis is conducted in two stages.
This report provides a review of recent firm-level and plant-level surveys containing questions on environmental policies, innovation practices or performance which are relevant for environmental policy analysis and assessment. We specifically focus on the core element that relates environmental policies to environmental and economic performance, namely the adoption of innovative practices and environmental innovations by firms.
Une enquête originale de l’OCDE offre un aperçu aux décideurs politiques sur les facteurs qui influencent le comportement des ménages face aux enjeux environnementaux. Cette enquête répond à une question clé : comment accroître l’impact des politiques favorisant un comportement écologique ? et fournit une meilleure compréhension des réponses comportementales aux mesures et comment celles-ci diffèrent entre les ménages et les régions.
Ce projet est unique parce qu'il explore comment les politiques de l'environnement au niveau national ont un impact sur le comportement des ménages. Les thèmes incluent l'utilisation de l'énergie, la consommation alimentaire, les choix de transport personnels, la production de déchets et le recyclage, et la consommation d'eau. Pourtant, le projet ne traite pas spécifiquement du terme «empreinte écologique».
This paper refines indicators to measure innovation in environment-related technologies, drawing on recent methodological advances that allow a more accurate assessment of environment-related innovation in a broader range of countries. Three indicators are discussed: an indicator of technology development; an indicator of international collaboration in technology development and an indicator of technology diffusion.
A striking variety of policy instruments are used in Victoria, Australia to achieve conservation objectives. These include highly active voluntary programmes, a variety of conservation grants, and a reverse auction for the provision of ecosystem services, known as EcoTender. An open question regarding such payments for ecosystem services (i.e. grants and tenders) is whether they achieve ‘additionality.’
Consumers only occasionally choose to buy sustainable products. At the same time these consumers say in surveys that sustainability is important to them, and that the government should promote sustainable consumption. This study takes a closer look at public support for sustainable consumption and the associated dilemmas, with the help of a behavioural economics experiment of group decisions.