The Bali Action Plan introduced language on “measurable, reportable and verifiable” greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation actions and commitments, as well as support for GHG mitigation actions in developing countries. However, this language left open many questions, including what M, R and V are, what they should apply to, who should undertake them, and how. Climate Change Expert Group work on Measurement, Reporting and Verification assesses current experience relevant to possible post-2012 MRV provisions, and explores design options for such provisions for both mitigation actions and support.
Design Options for International Assessment and Review (IAR) and International Consultations and Analysis (ICA) (November 2011)
Jane Ellis (OECD), Gregory Briner (OECD), Yamide Dagnet (seconded to OECD) and Nina Campbell (IEA)
Frequent and Flexible: Options for Reporting Guidelines for Biennial Update Reports (May 2011)
Jane Ellis, Gregory Briner (OECD), S. Moarif (IEA) and Barbara Buchner (CPI)
Monitoring and Tracking Long-Term Finance to Support Climate Action (May 2011)
Barbara Buchner (CPI), Jessica Brown (ODI) and Jan Corfee-Morlot (OECD)
Options to revise reporting guidelines for Annex I and non-Annex I National Communications (November 2010)
Jane Ellis (OECD), Sara Moarif (IEA), Gregory Briner (OECD), Barbara Buchner (Climate Policy Initiative) and Eric Massey (S&A Associates)
This paper identifies possible changes for new reporting guidelines for NCs from Annex I and non-Annex I countries, both for “updates” that could be produced biennially, and for “full” NCs that could be developed on a longer time-scale.
Core Elements of National Reports (June 2010)
Jane Ellis (OECD), Sara Moarif (IEA) and Greg Briner (OECD)
Enhancing the framework for measurable, reportable and verifiable (MRV) mitigation actions, commitments and support in a post-2012 climate agreement could help facilitate strategic and cost-effective decision-making on climate policy and generate transparent and comparable information. This paper explores the possible functions, form, timing and content of future national reports under the UNFCCC, focusing on National Communications, identifies what information is needed at the national and international level post-2012, and provides insights for possible new guidelines for national reports.
Matching Mitigation Actions with Support: Key Issues for Channelling International Public Finance (December 2009).
Joy Aeree Kim, Jane Ellis (OECD) and Sara Moarif (IEA)
At the heart of designing a successful framework for the post-2012 climate change regime are the issues of finance and enhanced greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation – both in developed and developing countries. How to “match” support with GHG mitigation actions in developing countries will play a crucial role in addressing both issues of finance and enhanced mitigation, as it can affect the environmental performance and cost-effectiveness of such support. This paper explores experience with, and possible design elements/options for, a mechanism to match support with nationally appropriate mitigation actions in developing countries that require such support.
Reporting and Recording Post-2012 GHG Mitigation Commitments, Actions and Support (October 2009)
By Jane Ellis (OECD), Sara Moarif (IEA)and Joy Aeree Kim (OECD)
This paper explores the possible purposes, coverage and form of a reporting/recording mechanism for greenhouse gas actions, support and commitments post-2012 and highlights the decision points that are needed in order to establish such a mechanism. Drawing on existing experience, the paper explores what information such a mechanism could include in terms of actions, commitments and support, as well as the institutional implications of different design options.
Financing Climate Change Mitigation: Towards a Framework for Measurement, Reporting and Verification (November 2009)
Jan Corfee-Morlot, Bruno Guay (OECD) and Kate Larsen (IEA)
This paper highlights existing knowledge and information about a range of different types of mitigation support and outlines a structure for a future framework for MRV to provide greater accountability and transparency. Mitigation specific financial flows (ie aiming to limit emissions) are estimated to be in the range of 8 - 53 billion USD in 2007, which is small relative to financial flows to mitigation relevant sectors (e.g. energy, infrastructure, etc). The paper also highlights the need for domestic policy frameworks to steer private investments across relevant sectors and, within each sector, towards projects fostering mitigation.
GHG mitigation actions: MRV issues and options (March 2009)
By Jane Ellis (OECD), Sara Moarif (IEA)
This paper provides an overview of current efforts to assess if GHG mitigation actions underway in different countries and regions are “measurable, reportable and verifiable”. The paper also assesses how such efforts could be improved, explores MRV options for different types of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation actions, and highlights decision points needed to establish a post-2012 framework. It concludes that before detailed MRV provisions can be established, decisions are needed on the aim of MRV provisions, the types of actions and commitments that these provisions apply to, the scope of such actions/commitments (e.g. national, sectoral, project) – as well as the form of MRV provision desired (e.g. principles, process, general guidance).
Linking Mitigation Actions with Mitigation Support in Developing Countries: A Conceptual Framework (March 2009)
By Joy Aeree Kim (OECD), Jan Corfee-Morlot (OECD), Philippine de T’Serclaes (IEA)
The Bali Action Plan introduced the notion of linking GHG mitigation action in developing countries with support for such action, in a "measurable, reportable and verifiable (MRV)" manner. However, it does not specify the relationship or link that may be made between nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs) in developing countries and mitigation support. It also remains unclear whether the MRV requirements apply to the link between NAMAs in developing countries and mitigation support, or to one or both of the separate elements. This paper suggests a number of elements for a possible conceptual framework to "link" mitigation actions with mitigation support, including practical considerations for how one might measure, report and verify progress, with a view to understanding the role for such a framework in a post-2012 agreement.
Measurement, Reporting and Verification of Mitigation Actions and Commitments (November 2008)
By Jane Ellis (OECD), Kate Larsen (IEA)
A post-2012 climate agreement may well be more complex than the Kyoto Protocol, incorporating a wider range of GHG mitigation actions and commitments from a larger number of countries. The procedures for overseeing progress in the implementation of such post-2012 actions and commitments may also differ from those under the Kyoto Protocol. For example, the Bali Action Plan calls for enhanced mitigation activities to be “measurable, reportable, and verifiable” (MRV).This paper explores what MRV could mean for mitigation commitments and actions and how current procedures would need to change in order to ensure that post-2012 actions and commitments are indeed “MRVable.”
Permanent URL: www.oecd.org/env/cc/mrv
Global Forum on Environment Event / Climate Change Expert Group Seminar on MRV and Carbon Markets (September 2011)
Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) of Finance and Matching Support with Mitigation Actions
Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) on the UNFCCC
Post-2012 framework & Other issues
Economics of Climate Change Mitigation
Financing Climate Change Action