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  • 22-septembre-2016

    Français

    Les conséquences économiques du changement climatique

    Ce rapport présente une nouvelle évaluation quantitative détaillée des conséquences du changement climatique sur la croissance économique dans les décennies à venir. Il explique dans quelles mesures le changement climatique affectera différents moteurs de la croissance, tels que la productivité du travail ou l’accumulation de capital physique, dans les différents secteurs à travers le monde. L’analyse sectorielle et régionale souligne que les impacts du changement climatique se feront ressentir dans tous les secteurs et toutes les régions. Toutefois, les effets les plus néfastes se manifesteront surtout dans les secteurs de la santé et de l’agriculture, avec des dommages particulièrement forts en Afrique et en Asie.

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  • 15-septembre-2016

    Français

    Stratégies collaboratives pour la création de valeur partagée au niveau du pays - Cadre pour les projets extractifs

    Ce Cadre est un outil opérationnel donnant des orientations pratiques pour tirer meilleur parti du développement des ressources naturelles non renouvelables dans le but d’édifier, d’une manière évolutive, des économies compétitives, diversifiées et durables. Il constitue un guide sur la façon dont les gouvernements hôtes, les industries extractives et la société civile peuvent œuvrer de concert, de manière systématique et structurée, pour permettre la création de valeur partagée au niveau du pays et appuyer la mise en œuvre du Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030. Le Cadre dépasse les frontières sectorielles et expose des stratégies propres à éclairer une élaboration des politiques plus intégrée, cohérente et efficace. Il suggère également des mécanismes de suivi et d’évaluation afin de mesurer progrès et impacts au fil du temps. Destiné aux gouvernements, à l’industrie et à la société civile, il articule les rôles respectifs afin d’améliorer la collaboration, le respect et la responsabilité mutuels.

  • 13-September-2016

    English

    Effective Carbon Rates - Pricing CO2 through Taxes and Emissions Trading Systems

    To tackle climate change, CO2 emissions need to be cut. Pricing carbon is one of the most effective and lowest-cost ways of inducing such cuts. This report presents the first full analysis of the use of carbon pricing on energy in 41 OECD and G20 economies, covering 80% of global energy use and of CO2 emissions. The analysis takes a comprehensive view of carbon prices, including specific taxes on energy use, carbon taxes and tradable emission permit prices. It shows the entire distribution of effective carbon rates by country and the composition of effective carbon rates by six economic sectors within each country. Carbon prices are seen to be often very low, but some countries price significant shares of their carbon emissions. The ‘carbon pricing gap’, a synthetic indicator showing the extent to which effective carbon rates fall short of pricing emissions at EUR 30 per tonne, the low-end estimate of the cost of carbon used in this study, sheds light on potential ways of strengthening carbon pricing.

  • 9-September-2016

    English

    Climate Finance in 2013-14 and the USD 100 billion Goal - A Report by the OECD in Collaboration with Climate Policy Initiative

    In 2009 developed countries committed to jointly mobilise USD 100 billion a year in climate finance by 2020 for climate action in developing countries. This report provides a status check on the level of climate finance mobilised by developed countries in 2013 and 2014, five years after this initial commitment was made at COP15 in Copenhagen. It shows that there has been significant progress in meeting this goal.

    The report aims to be transparent and rigorous in its assessment of the available data and underlying assumptions and methodologies, within the constraints of an aggregate reporting exercise. While methodological approaches and data collection efforts to support estimates such as this one are improving, there nevertheless remains significant work to be done to arrive at more complete and accurate estimates in the future.

  • 6-September-2016

    English

    Conference on Transition to the green economy

    This event, with involvement from the OECD, on 6-7 September 2016, is of major strategic nature during the Slovak Presidency of the European Council. Its ambition is to improve understanding of the green economy concept, identify conclusions and pathways for transition as well as to involve and mobilise various actors and stakeholders in the discussions of possible future actions.

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  • 4-August-2016

    English

    Reforming Economic Instruments for Water Resources Management in Kyrgyzstan

    This report presents recommendations on the reform of economic instruments for water resources management in Kyrgyzstan, specifically on tariffs for urban water supply and sanitation (WSS) and irrigation water, pollution charges, surface water abstraction charges for enterprises (consumptive and non-consumptive uses), specific land tax rates for the Issyk-Kul biosphere reserve, as well as taxes and customs duty on products contributing to water pollution. For each instrument, alternative reform options are identified and assessed, and preferred options put forward, with an action plan.

  • 29-July-2016

    English

    Financial Management of Flood Risk

    Disasters present a broad range of human, social, financial, economic and environmental impacts, with potentially long-lasting, multi-generational effects. The financial management of these impacts is a key challenge for individuals and governments in developed and developing countries. G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors and APEC Finance Ministers have recognised the importance and priority of disaster risk management strategies and, in particular, disaster risk assessment and risk financing. The OECD has supported the development of strategies for the financial management of natural and man-made disaster risks, under the guidance of the OECD High-Level Advisory Board on Financial Management of Large-scale Catastrophes and the OECD Insurance and Private Pensions Committee. This work has included the elaboration of an OECD Recommendation on Good Practices for Mitigating and Financing Catastrophic Risks and a draft Recommendation on Disaster Risk Financing Strategies  The Financial Management of Flood Risk extends this work by applying the lessons from the OECD’s analysis of disaster risk financing practices and the development of its guidance to the specific case of floods.

  • 27-July-2016

    English

    Extended Producer Responsibility

    OECD defines EPR as an environmental policy approach in which a producer's responsibility for a product is extended to the post-consumer stage of a product's life cycle.

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  • 25-July-2016

    English

    Blogs related to environment

    Read what OECD bloggers have to say about topics as varied as air pollution, biodiversity, Paris Climate Agreement, environmental policies, green growth, investment, waste and water. Join the discussion on one or more of our blogs.

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  • 25-juillet-2016

    Français

    L'adaptation au changement climatique

    Les travaux ciblent deux programmes (1) Politiques d'adpatation et économie de l'adaptation; (2) Adaptation et coopération pour le développement. Le récent rapport propose de faire face aux risques du changement climatique au moyen d’un processus itératif, offre une vue d’ensemble des coûts et des avantages de l’adaptation à l’échelle nationale et régionale et examine la question du financement de l’adaptation dans les pays de l’OCDE.

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