Environnement dans les économies émergentes et en transition

EU Water Initiative (EUWI): Water Policy Reforms in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA)

 

EU flag and text_for EAP   UNECE logo_updated_2016

Русская версия

 

The European Union Water Initiative (EUWI) supports the achievement of the water-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and takes a partnership approach with national governments, donors, the water industry, NGOs and other stakeholders.

A key operational tool of the EUWI is the Water Framework Directive (WFD) which can be tailored to respond to local conditions and priorities. The OECD and UNECE are implementing partners of the EUWI in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). To find out more, follow the links below.

The EUWI in EECCA and its Major Outcomes
 

The EUWI+ Programme
 
National policy dialogues (NPDs)  EUWI Implementation:
OECD and UNECE as strategic partners
Publications

 

The EUWI in EECCA and its Major Outcomes

Countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) are currently adopting a range of policy reforms with regard to water management in cooperation with the EUWI. The EUWI EECCA component is financially supported by the European Union and other donors.

 

© Maxim Petrichuk | Dreamstime.com

Key objectives

 Water resources management:

- Improving the institutional and regulatory framework with a view to approximate to the WFD and related legislation;
- Managing water in a way that contributes to water-, food- and energy security, and economic development;


Water supply and sanitation:
Ensuring access of the poor to essential water services as a basic human right;
- Improving the institutional and regulatory framework;
- Encouraging investment in water supply and sanitation and ensuring the financial viability of utilities;
- Safeguarding public health;


Transboundary cooperation:
-
 Contributing to peace by developing inter-state cooperative structures for water management.

 

The EUWI+ Programme

The European Union Water Initiative Plus for Eastern Partnership Countries (EUWI+) Programme commenced in late 2016 and aims to address existing challenges in both development and implementation of efficient management of water resources in Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries. It specifically supports the EaP countries to move towards the approximation to EU acquis in the field of water management with a focus on trans-boundary river basin management as identified by the EU Water Framework Directive.

National Policy Dialogues (NPDs)

National Policy Dialogues (NPDs) are platforms where key stakeholders meet to discuss and advance policy reforms. NPDs are fed by robust analytical work and international good practice. They are jointly facilitated by the OECD and UNECE.

The EUWI EECCA Working Group

The Working Group consists of representatives of all partner countries (EECCA countries and their partners supporting the reform of water policies). It involves NGOs, private sector and international organisations active in the region as well. Romania acts as Chair of the EECCA Working Group. The Working Group meets once a year, to set priorities, review major EU and EECCA developments regarding water management policies and share the experience of partner countries and information about relevant projects.

 

The recent meetings were held in: 

 ‌EUWI Photo 19th Water Meeting 2

EUWI Implementation: OECD and UNECE as strategic partners

The European Union identified the OECD and the UNECE as strategic partners for the implementation of the EUWI in EECCA. The OECD focuses on the economic dimension of water resources management: managing water as a driver for growth; making the best use of economic instruments for water management; and enhancing the financial sustainability of water supply and sanitation services. The OECD’s contribution is provided within the framework of the GREEN Action Programme. The UNECE is the strategic partner for work on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), including transboundary river basin management. It contributes to the approximation of the EU acquis, building on the Water Convention and its Protocol on Water and Health.

Publications

MPWI_Perspectives Cover

OECD Policy Perspectives: Multi-Purpose Water Infrastructure - Recommendations to maximise ecomomic benefits

Multi-purpose water infrastructure encompasses all constructed water systems, including dams, dykes, reservoirs and associated irrigation canals and water supply networks, which may be used for more than one purpose for economic, social and environmental activities. This OECD policy perspective, Multi-Purpose Water Infrastructure : Recommendations to maximise economic benefits, presents insights for effectively managing MPWIs.

OECD Water Series Publication: Reforming Sanitation in Armenia: Towards a National Strategy

This report assesses the state of Armenia’s sanitation services, which are in poor shape, and proposes ways forward for reforming the sector by: ensuring equitable access by all and identifying solutions that work for the poorest and most remote communities; generating economies of scale and scope, and reducing both investment and operational costs for the efficient delivery of sanitation services; and moving towards sustainable cost recovery for the sanitation sector, by identifying how much funding can be mobilised from within the sector and how much external transfers are required.

EUWI Brochure Cover - updated 2016

Water Policy Reforms in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia - Achievements of the European Union Water Initiative, 2006-16

The brochure highlights the main outcomes to which the EUWI contributed in the EECCA countries over the past 10 years.

 EUWI Baikal Report Cover

OECD Water Series Publication: Improving Economic Instruments for Water Resources Management in the Republic of Buryatia (Lake Baikal Basin)

A major challenge facing the Republic of Buryatia, subject of the Russian Federation, is how to balance the task of protecting Lake Baikal with the need for dynamic and sustainable socio-economic development of the republic. The recommendations in this report include the introduction of abstraction charges for irrigation water as a  natural resource; and improvement of economic instruments for managing risks of water-related hazards. Innovative instruments, such as introducing a charge (tax) on toxic agricultural chemicals to create incentives for the reduction of diffuse water pollution, are recommended for pilot testing.

KYR_Report_Cover_2016

OECD Water Series Publication: Reforming Economic Instruments for Water Resources Management in Kyrgyzstan

This report presents recommendations on the reform of economic instruments for water resources management in Kyrgyzstan, specifically on tariffs for urban water supply and sanitation (WSS) and irrigation water, pollution charges, surface water abstraction charges for enterprises (consumptive and non-consumptive uses), specific land tax rates for the Issyk-Kul biosphere reserve, as well as taxes and customs duty on products contributing to water pollution. 

KAZ Report cover_water series

OECD Water Series Publication: Sustainable Business Models for Water Supply and Sanitation in Small Towns and Rural Settlements in Kazakhstan

This report assesses the Republic of Kazakhstan’s significant efforts to improve water supply and sanitation (WSS) services over the past 15 years, notably in terms of ambitious target-setting, implementation of a sound water tariff policy, and significant investment in the rehabilitation and development of relevant infrastructure. Generally speaking, the absence of updated data on WSS institutional development is a limiting factor for further policy and programme development in the field, including in Kazakhstan. The monitoring and evaluation system proposed in this report aims to help assess progress in the WSS sector and serve as a basis for any necessary corrective measures.

 

EUWI Kura Basin Policy Highlights cover, 2016  OECD Policy Highlights 2016 - Co-operative water management in the Kura River basin

The basin of the river Kura is shared by Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Turkey. The river is 1,515 km long; it originates in Turkey, on the north slope of the Allahuekber Mountains, and discharges to the Caspian Sea. This review focuses on co-operative water management in Georgia and Azerbaijan, which are neighboring countries hosting a significant stretch of the Kura River.

EUWI Economic Instruments Policy Perspectives 2016 cover

OECD Policy Perspectives 2016 - Reforming economic instruments for water management in EECCA countries

This Policy Perspective summarises key policy messages and recommendations on the role of economic instruments in addressing challenges and achieving key water policy objectives including relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) countries.

 

Related documents