Latest Documents


  • 23-November-2016

    English

    Financing Climate Action in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia

    This report aims to shed light on how EECCA countries and development co-operation partners are working together to finance climate actions, using the OECD DAC database to examine finance flows by provider, sector, financial instrument, channel, etc. A significant amount was committed by international public sources to the 11 countries comprising the EECCA in 2013 and 2014 (i.e. USD 3.3 billion per year), but the scale of such finance varies considerably from country to country and is insufficient to achieve and strengthen their climate targets communicated through the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions COP21.

    In addition, while a range of climate-related policies have already been developed by the EECCA countries, the extent to which such policies are being effectively implemented and conducive to attracting climate finance is still unclear. In this respect, this report proposes a set of questions for the EECCA countries to self-assess their readiness to seize opportunities to access scaled-up climate finance from various sources: public, private, international and domestic.

  • 15-November-2016

    English

    Improving Economic Instruments for Water Resources Management in the Republic of Buryatia (Lake Baikal Basin)

    A major challenge facing the Republic of Buryatia, subject of the Russian Federation, is how to balance the task of protecting Lake Baikal – a unique water object and ecological system included in the UNESCO list of World Natural Heritage Areas – with the need for dynamic and sustainable socio-economic development of the republic.  This requires streamlining and improving water policy jointly with economic, administrative, information and other policy instruments. The recommendations in this report aim to help achieve this objective. They include the introduction of abstraction charges for irrigation water as a  natural resource; enhancement of state support to the water sector; and improvement of economic instruments for managing risks of water-related hazards (such as compulsory insurance and differentiated land tax rates in flood prone areas). A few innovative instruments are also recommended for pilot testing such as establishing limits for discharges of certain hazardous substances in a pilot area (e.g. Selenga river basin) and progressive development of market for tradable quotas for discharges of the “capped” pollutants; and introducing a charge (tax) on toxic agricultural chemicals (pesticides, herbicides, etc.) and synthetic detergents so that to create incentives for the reduction of diffuse water pollution.

  • 4-August-2016

    English

    Reforming Economic Instruments for Water Resources Management in Kyrgyzstan

    This report presents recommendations on the reform of economic instruments for water resources management in Kyrgyzstan, specifically on tariffs for urban water supply and sanitation (WSS) and irrigation water, pollution charges, surface water abstraction charges for enterprises (consumptive and non-consumptive uses), specific land tax rates for the Issyk-Kul biosphere reserve, as well as taxes and customs duty on products contributing to water pollution. For each instrument, alternative reform options are identified and assessed, and preferred options put forward, with an action plan.

  • 12-May-2016

    English

    EU Water Initiative in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia: 2016 Working Group meeting

    The 19th meeting of the EU Water Initiative Working Group took place on 12-13 May 2016 at the International Energy Agency Headquarters (IEA) in Paris, France, bringing together senior officials representing water and environmental authorities from countries of Western and Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA) as well as international organizations, multilateral and bilateral donors.

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  • 13-April-2016

    English

    Sustainable Business Models for Water Supply and Sanitation in Small Towns and Rural Settlements in Kazakhstan

    This report assesses the Republic of Kazakhstan’s significant efforts to improve water supply and sanitation (WSS) services over the past 15 years, notably in terms of ambitious target-setting, implementation of a sound water tariff policy, and significant investment in the rehabilitation and development of relevant infrastructure. Generally speaking, the absence of updated data on WSS institutional development is a limiting factor for further policy and programme development in the field, including in Kazakhstan. The monitoring and evaluation system proposed in this report aims to help assess progress in the WSS sector and serve as a basis for any necessary corrective measures.

  • 13-April-2016

    English

    Environmental Lending in EU Eastern Partnership Countries

    This report presents an overview of existing environmental credit lines in the EU’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine), which are mostly supported by International Finance Institutions and donors and disbursed by local commercial banks. Lessons learned from this type of credit-line implementation provide useful insights for spurring the banking sector into financing green investments.

  • 7-October-2015

    English

    Creating Incentives for Greener Products - A Policy Manual for Eastern Partnership Countries

    The European Union’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) struggle with environmental challenges related to the consumption and end-of-life management of many harmful products. This policy manual considers the potential use and implementation of four categories of product-related economic instruments to address some of these challenges: product taxes, tax differentiation based on environmental factors, deposit-refund systems and extended producer responsibility (EPR).

  • 6-October-2015

    English

    2015 Annual meeting of the Environmental Action Programme (EAP) Task Force

    The EAP Task Force will discuss contributions to the 2016 “Environment for Europe” Ministerial Conference, ongoing work on access to private finance for green investments in Ukraine, recent work on creating market incentives for greener products, and the work plan for 2016. It will also review activities carried out in framework of the EU Water Initiative, and the future work plan on strengthening water management policies in EECCA.

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  • 18-June-2015

    English

    Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood (EaP GREEN): Fourth Steering Committee Meeting

    The meeting was held on 18 June 2015 in Chisinau, Moldova. The key objective was to discuss the progress made on the programme implementation and to agree the work plan for 2015-16.

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  • 10-March-2015

    English

    Shared environmental information system and green growth - Regional workshop for the countries of Eastern Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia

    Governments willing to pursue policies designed to promote green growth need indicators that can raise awareness, measure progress and identify potential opportunities and risks. This workshop showcased how synergies among the fields of environment, green growth/economy and sustainable development could be exploited in the view of developing effective national approaches towards measuring green growth in the EECCA region.

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