Agriculture production is highly dependent on water and increasingly subject to water risks; and is the largest using sector and a major polluter of water. Improving agriculture’s water management is essential to a sustainable and productive agro-food sector.
Read what OECD bloggers have to say about topics as varied as air pollution, biodiversity, climate, environmental policies, green finance, green growth, investment, waste and water. Join the discussion on our latest blog: Never let a good water crisis go to waste.
This report offers a guide on potential reform pathways towards sustainable agriculture water use, based on a thorough review of selected past water and agriculture reforms and extensive consultation with policy experts.
Deadlines for comments: 8 February 2019 for the draft Performance Standards for the Validation and Assessment of Similar Test Method; and 31 January 2019 for the draft Guiding Principles for Good Licensing Practices for protected Elements in OECD Test Guidelines.
This work consists of a series of spatially explicit empirical analyses of the relationships between land use patterns, socioeconomic outcomes, environmental pressures, and the use of specific policy instruments. What's new: Brochure highlighting the project activities.
Parking policies have significant environmental and economic implications, which have often been left unconsidered. This paper reviews the relevant literature to provide a deeper understanding of the main environmental and economic consequences of common parking policies, and suggest policy options to protect the environment and increase social welfare.
This paper assesses the effect of environmental regulations on plant survival and emissions using data on the extent of vintage differentiation of regulations (VDR5) regarding air pollution emission limit values for existing and new coal-fired power plants. Focussing on NOx and SOx emissions, the paper applies survival analysis techniques on a sample of generating units across 31 OECD and non-member countries between 1962 and 2012.
English, PDF, 3,839kb
Opportunities for climate mitigation and adaptation lie in the shift to climate-smart infrastructure, as laid out in the report "Financing Climate Futures: Rethinking Infrastructure", by the OECD, UN Environment and the WorldBank Group. This report shows that limiting warming to 1.5°C will involve “annual average investment needs in the energy system of around US$2.4 trillion” between 2016 and 2035.
English, PDF, 3,091kb
A clean energy revolution in sub-Saharan Africa is urgently needed to win the fight against energy poverty, to promote robust development and to make it more sustainable. As part as the Financing Climate Futures initiative by the OECD, UN Environment and the WorldBank Group, this report takes an in-depth look at the challenges and opportunities to provide clean energy access in sub-Saharan Africa.
On 29 January 2019, Eeva Leinala of the OECD Environment Directorate and Thomas Cortina from the Fire Fighting Foam Coalition and Mitch Hubert from Perimeter Solutions have addressed Best Environmental Practices for Class B Firefighting Foams in the context of management of per- and polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs).