The Guiding Principles for Chemical Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response (PDF) address issues related to:
- preventing the occurrence of incidents involving hazardous substances
- preparing for accidents, and mitigating adverse effects of accidents, through emergency planning, land-use planning, and communication with the public
- responding to accidents that do occur in order to minimise the adverse consequences to health, the environment and property and
- follow-up to accidents, including initial clean-up activities, and accident reporting and investigation
These principles provide advice to public authorities, industry, employees and their representatives as well as members of the public potentially affected in the event of an accident, and non-governmental organisations.
The Guiding Principles apply to all hazardous installations, i.e. fixed plants or sites that produce, process, use, handle, store or dispose of hazardous substances where there is a risk of an accident involving the hazardous substance(s).
These Principles also apply to transfer facilities where hazardous substances are loaded and/or unloaded. The transportation of hazardous substances external to a hazardous installation (by pipelines, road, rail, sea or air) has not been addressed, although many of the Principles can be applied.
These Guiding Principles are based on the assumption that all hazardous installations should be expected to comply with the same safety objectives regardless of size, location or whether the installation is publicly or privately owned.
They have been developed with the understanding that there must be flexibility on their application due to significant differences which exist among countries such as legal and regulatory infrastructures, culture, and resource availability. In addition there may be differences in approach in applying the Principles to new and to existing installations. These Guiding Principles apply to a wide range of industries and types and sizes of installations.
The Guiding Principles includes two addenda to the second edition of the Guiding Principles for Chemical Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response:
- The first addendum was published in June 2011, it takes into account the results of five workshops that were held under the auspices of the OECD Working Group on Chemical Accidents during the period from 2003 – 2007.
- The second addendum was published in January 2015, and addresses Natural Hazards Triggering Technological Accidents (Natech) Risk Management. The addendum consists of a number of amendments to the Guiding Principles and of the addition of a new Chapter to provide more detailed guidance on Natech prevention, preparedness and response. It takes into account the results of the Workshop on Natural Hazards Triggering Technological Accidents (Natechs) Risk Management held 23-25 May 2012, in Dresden, Germany that was held under the auspices of the OECD Working Group on Chemical Accidents (WGCA)
To receive a printed copy of the Guiding Principles, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Translations of the Guiding Principles:
OECD-Leitprinzipien für die Verhinderung, Bereitschaft für den Fall und Bekämpfung von Chemieunfällen
Hungarian Translation of the OECD Guiding Principles for Chemical Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response
Korean Translation of the OECD Guiding Principles for Chemical Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response
Principes directeurs de l'OCDE pour la prévention, la préparation et l' intervention en matière d'accidents chimiques
Czech Translation of the Guiding Principles for Chemical Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response
Principi Guida dell’OCSE per la prevenzione, la preparazione e l’intervento nei casi di incidente chimico
Chinese Translation of the Guiding Principles for Chemical Accident Prevention, Preparedness and Response