This series represents a compilation of the biosafety consensus documents developed by the OECD Working Group on Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology over the periods 2011-12 (Volume 5) and 2013-15 (Volume 6). Volumes 5 and 6 describe the biology, centres of origin, genetics, hybridisation, production and use, and ecology elements of several crops (sugarcane, cassava, sorghum, common bean, cucurbits) and trees (eucalyptus species). They also provide considerations on pathogenicity factors in assessing the potential adverse health effects of bacteria, and the low level presence of transgenic plants in seed and grain commodities.
The consensus documents contain information for use during the regulatory assessment of products of modern biotechnology, i.e. transgenic organisms (plants, animals, micro-organisms), when intended for release in the environment. As such, it should be of value to applicants for use of genetically-engineered organisms in agriculture mainly, to regulators and risk assessors in national authorities for their biosafety assessments, as well as the wider scientific community. More information on this OECD programme is found at BioTrack online (www.oecd.org/biotrack).
New pesticides guidance has been finalised that harmonises the way terrestrial field dissipation studies (TFDs) are conducted in different regions of the world.
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The objective of the present Guidance Document (GD) is to establish an Integrated 2 Approach to Testing and Assessment (IATA) for hazard identification of serious eye 3 damage and eye irritation potential of test chemicals (or the absence thereof) that 4 provides adequate information for classification and labelling according to the United 5 Nations Globally Harmonised System (UN GHS, 2015).
New report describes OECD's on-line Pesticide Risk Indicators (PRIs) database, and how it can be used. The database includes information on existing PRIs which are used by governments to track trends in risk resulting from the use of agricultural pesticides. The report summarises information on each indicator in the database, including the purpose of the indicator, requirements for data input, user friendliness and additional features.
This new document focuses on the evaluation of test methods applied to determine the physico-chemical properties of different types of nanomaterials.
This document constitutes the report of a workshop which was held at the OECD with the purpose of both improving the general understanding of “New Plant Breeding Techniques ” (and products derived through them) and sharing experiences of the environmental risk/safety assessment of these products.
This work describes the various endeavours of OECD countries to develop harmonised methodologies for birds toxicity testing, including the successful outcomes or the reasons for stopping activities in some cases. The work has required commitment from countries and industry in terms of staffing and laboratory resources to perform experimental testing and generate data.
A new report has been launched by the OECD Ad Hoc Group on Substitution of Harmful Chemicals. The report identifies where gaps remain in terms of possible missing tools, guidance and research to support stakeholders engaged in alternatives assessment and substitution of harmful chemicals.
Ce document est un outil pour l’évaluation de la sécurité environnementale des variétés de HARICOT COMMUN. Cette légumineuse, la plus consommée mondialement, peut être modifiée génétiquement pour résistance aux herbicides, insectes et maladies. Éléments détaillés utiles pour évaluer sa sécurité biologique, dont: taxonomie, espèces parentes, pratiques culturales, reproduction, génétique, hybridation, écologie, ravageurs et maladies.
Ce document présente une étude de cas en utilisant des nanoparticules d'argent, qui vise à répondre à la dissolution comme fonction de la chimie de surface des nanoparticules dans les évaluations des risques réglementaires.