This series represents a compilation of the biosafety consensus documents developed by the OECD Working Group on Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology over the periods 2011-12 (Volume 5) and 2013-15 (Volume 6). Volumes 5 and 6 describe the biology, centres of origin, genetics, hybridisation, production and use, and ecology elements of several crops (sugarcane, cassava, sorghum, common bean, cucurbits) and trees (eucalyptus species). They also provide considerations on pathogenicity factors in assessing the potential adverse health effects of bacteria, and the low level presence of transgenic plants in seed and grain commodities.
The consensus documents contain information for use during the regulatory assessment of products of modern biotechnology, i.e. transgenic organisms (plants, animals, micro-organisms), when intended for release in the environment. As such, it should be of value to applicants for use of genetically-engineered organisms in agriculture mainly, to regulators and risk assessors in national authorities for their biosafety assessments, as well as the wider scientific community. More information on this OECD programme is found at BioTrack online (www.oecd.org/biotrack).
New pesticides guidance has been finalised that harmonises the way terrestrial field dissipation studies (TFDs) are conducted in different regions of the world.
Nanotechnology is an emerging and promising field for advanced applications in industrial, commercial and medical sectors, and nanomaterials can be found today in sunscreens, deodorants and textiles. Yet these nanomaterials, which are increasing in number, are entering waste streams as part of end-of-life products along with conventional waste, without any real understanding of their environmental impacts or health risks on human beings and living organisms.
This report provides a literature review on four specific waste treatment processes (recycling, incineration, landfilling and wastewater treatment). While state-of-the-art waste treatment facilities may collect, divert or eliminate nanomaterials from these waste streams, the report concludes that knowledge gaps associated with their final disposal remain, underlining the need for further research in this area.
This new document focuses on the evaluation of test methods applied to determine the physico-chemical properties of different types of nanomaterials.
This work describes the various endeavours of OECD countries to develop harmonised methodologies for birds toxicity testing, including the successful outcomes or the reasons for stopping activities in some cases. The work has required commitment from countries and industry in terms of staffing and laboratory resources to perform experimental testing and generate data.
A new report has been launched by the OECD Ad Hoc Group on Substitution of Harmful Chemicals. The report identifies where gaps remain in terms of possible missing tools, guidance and research to support stakeholders engaged in alternatives assessment and substitution of harmful chemicals.
This is a list of publications under the OECD Series on Emission Scenario Documents (ESDs).
Ce document est un outil pour l’évaluation de la sécurité environnementale des variétés de HARICOT COMMUN. Cette légumineuse, la plus consommée mondialement, peut être modifiée génétiquement pour résistance aux herbicides, insectes et maladies. Éléments détaillés utiles pour évaluer sa sécurité biologique, dont: taxonomie, espèces parentes, pratiques culturales, reproduction, génétique, hybridation, écologie, ravageurs et maladies.
Ce document présente une étude de cas en utilisant des nanoparticules d'argent, qui vise à répondre à la dissolution comme fonction de la chimie de surface des nanoparticules dans les évaluations des risques réglementaires.
The OECD has published fundamental and guiding principles to facilitate the application of QSAR methods to the risk assessment of chemicals. The main focus is on the critical role of mechanistic consideration in improving various (Q)SAR approaches and possible integrative approaches of combining chemoinformatics and bioinformatics.