The objective of the work on Adaptation is to assess and evaluate potential positive incentives and policy approaches aiming to contribute to global climate change adaptation. Bookmark this page: www.oecd.org/env/cc/aixg/adaptation .
Adaptation to Climate Change: International Agreements for Local Needs (Dec 2007)
By Ellina Levina (OECD)
Despite current efforts and attention to adaptation, a big gap remains between adaptation needs and current efforts to address them. It has been recognised by both developing and developed countries that adaptation deserves a special place in any climate regime that will follow the Kyoto Protocol after it expires in 2012. This paper outlines a possible framework for an agreement on adaptation and highlights several issues that need to be recognised and clarified to make such an agreement effective. It examines the current state of play on adaptation at the international level, assesses several recent proposals on how to treat adaptation in a post-2012 agreement, and it indicates how other international agreements – such as the MDG and The Convention on Biodiversity – also address adaptation.
Policy Frameworks for Adaptation to Climate Change in Coastal Zones: The Case of the Gulf of Mexico (May 2007)
By Ellina Levina (OECD), John S. Jacob, Luis E. Ramos, Ivonne Ortiz (Consultants)
This paper is the third of a series of AIXG papers on the role that national policy frameworks of various sectors play in adaptation to climate change. The aim of this paper is to identify and analyse policy frameworks that are important for facilitating adaptation to climate change impacts in coastal zones. The paper is based on a case study analysis of the Gulf of Mexico and examines two countries, the US and Mexico. It considers two climate change effects specific to coastal areas: sea level rise and storms. Other climate change impacts such as changes in temperature, precipitation and winds that also affect coastal areas are beyond the scope of this analysis.
Domestic Policy Frameworks for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Water SectorPart I: Annex I Countries (May 2006)
By Ellina Levina and Helen Adams (OECD)
Adaptation to climate change needs to be integrated into policy development. This paper examines domestic policy frameworks in the water sector and analyses how adaptation could be incorporated into these frameworks. Global climate change will have a significant impact on water resources in all countries. Consequently, a key challenge that countries face is how to govern and manage their water resources in the conditions of changing climate. What should be done, when and by whom, is a function of the rate of climate change, but also of the existing water policy frameworks of each country.
Domestic Policy Frameworks for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Water SectorPart II: Non-Annex I Countries (Oct 2006)
By Ellina Levina (OECD)
All countries have complex water policy frameworks that reflect historical precedents and their local circumstances. This paper examines domestic policy frameworks in the water sector in four developing countries (Argentina, India, Mexico, and Zimbabwe) and identifies how adaptation to climate change can be integrated into these frameworks. The paper draws lessons from these countries about the roles that national policy frameworks can play in adaptation to climate change in the water sector.
Adaptation to Climate Change: Key Terms (May 2006)
By Ellina Levina and Dennis Tirpak (OECD)
Adaptation has become an important issue in international and domestic discussions on climate change. Numerous terms and concepts have come into common usage as a result of IPCC reports, discussions in the context of the UNFCCC and dialogs by the climate community at large. This paper examines the key adaptation terms and concepts used by the climate change community and other institutions. Conflicts and contradictions are noted with the aim of sensitizing different bodies to the differences, but particularly the Parties to the Convention and experts participating in the IPCC.