Globalisation, demographic trends and technological change are transforming jobs in our economy. 9% of jobs across OECD countries could be automated in the next 15-20 years and a further 25% are at risk of significant change. The risk in emerging economies is even larger. According to recent studies, China and India together account for the largest technically automatable employment potential.
It is a pleasure to be here today to launch the 2017 OECD Scoreboard on Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs. It is an honour to welcome Minister Padoan, an old friend of the OECD, here at our Washington Centre. And it is a very timely moment to take a closer look at the issue of SME finance.
In Lyon and New York, we charted a comprehensive agenda for action for better investment in the health workforce. The release of "Working for Health and Growth: Investing in the Health Workforce" is a milestone in our common quest to create the right health jobs, with the right skills, in the right places.
Labour market conditions are improving in OECD countries. In the fourth quarter of 2015, the employment rate was 0.6 percentage points below its pre-crisis rate, representing a deficit of 5.6 million jobs. This deficit is projected to narrow further this year, and close completely in 2017. We’re on the right track! But ─ as always ─ we need to dig a bit deeper to see the full picture.
La faiblesse de la croissance et la montée des inégalités sont des défis majeurs auxquels doivent faire face la majorité des responsables des politiques publiques de par le monde, qu’ils soient chefs de gouvernement, ministres, députés, ou élus locaux.
We gather here as labour market conditions are improving. Job creation is strengthening in many countries, in no small part thanks to policy efforts made by many of you during these difficult years. But there are still over 40 million people looking for work in OECD countries, 8 million more than in December 2007.
Globalisation, demographic trends and technological change are transforming jobs in our economy. The overall organisation of work and the skills needed in the workplace are undergoing profound and rapid changes. It is imperative for us to remain ahead of the curve and to be able to provide the necessary tools for workers, companies and labour markets to adapt to these changes efficiently.
I am particularly pleased to introduce this session of the Ministerial as boosting investment in human resources is a key pillar of a successful strategy to foster the G20 inclusive growth agenda. The G20 Skills Strategy, in this regard, is a very timely initiative.
The OECD very much welcomes the Turkish Presidency’s choice to focus on the three I’s of inclusiveness, implementation, and investment. Within these priorities, employment policies have an important role to play and the OECD is pleased to have contributed to the preparation of your meeting today, including the development of the key policy principles and frameworks.
Unemployment is finally coming down in most countries. But we need to step up our efforts to make sure that millions of workers hit hard by the crisis are not left behind by the recovery.