This work addresses the role of global value chains (GVCs), workforce skills, ICT, innovation and industry structure in explaining employment levels of routine and non-routine occupations. The analysis encompasses 28 OECD countries over the period 2000-2011.
Le taux de chômage de la zone OCDE stable à 6.6% en novembre 2015
La croissance des CUM dans la zone OCDE ralentit à 0.3% au troisième trimestre de 2015
More equal access to employment services and better co-ordination between the government and social partners could help disadvantaged laid-off workers get back into employment, according to a new OECD report.
Income inequality is rising. A quarter of a century ago, the average disposable income of the richest 10% in OECD countries was around seven times higher than that of the poorest 10%; today, it’s around 9½ times higher. Why does this matter? Many fear this widening gap is hurting individuals, societies and even economies. This book explores income inequality across five main headings. It starts by explaining some key terms in the inequality debate. It then examines recent trends and explains why income inequality varies between countries. Next it looks at why income gaps are growing and, in particular, at the rise of the 1%. It then looks at the consequences, including research that suggests widening inequality could hurt economic growth. Finally, it examines policies for addressing inequality and making economies more inclusive.
The OECD’s most recent ‘Investing in Youth’ country reviews identify three broad streams of solutions to provide disadvantaged youth with the skills they need and thus reduce the share of youth outside of education or employment.
Le taux de chômage de la zone OCDE en baisse à 6.6% en octobre 2015
The recent mental health reform is an important step towards better services for people with mental ill-health, but Australia needs to do more to help people with mild to moderate mental health issues at and into work, according to a new OECD report.
Being able to directly measure all the above aspects would be extremely useful but economists and analysts usually face severe data limitations (e.g. small sample size, data comparability, measurement error etc.) and are, in many instances, forced to use second-best proxies to describe skills and build indicators.
Les réformes menées récemment ont amélioré la pérennité financière des systèmes de retraite et le niveau de vie des retraités est aujourd’hui plus élevé qu’il ne l’a jamais été. Toutefois, la générosité des droits à pension devrait fortement diminuer pour les générations futures et de nombreux pays pourraient être confrontés à un risque sérieux de pauvreté parmi ses retraités, d’après un nouveau rapport publié par l'OCDE.