Giving people better opportunities to participate actively in the labour market improves well-being. It also helps countries to cope with rapid population ageing by mobilising more fully each country’s potential labour resources. Weak labour market attachment of some groups in society reflects a range of barriers to working or moving up the jobs ladder. This report on Australia is the third country study published in a series of reports looking into strategies to encourage greater labour market participation of all groups in society with a special focus on the most disadvantaged. Labour market and activation policies are well developed in Australia. However, the gap in employment rates is still considerable for some groups of the population, including women with young children, disadvantaged youth, people with disability, people with mental health problems and the indigenous population. This report discusses the size of the gap and the - often multiple - barriers underlying low labour market participation of these groups, and it provides a non-exhaustive number of good practice policies and measures from other OECD countries which could guide Australia's policy development in the coming years.
Australia’s strong economy has helped drive a healthy job market. But to avoid a future shortage of labour as the population ages, further efforts are needed to help older women, indigenous Australians and mothers with young children into work, according to a new OECD report.
Le taux de chômage de la zone OCDE en baisse à 6.1% en janvier 2017
Cette publication, issue du Programme d’indicateurs de l’entrepreneuriat OCDE-Eurostat, présente une collection originale d’indicateurs pour mesurer l’état de l’entrepreneuriat et ses déterminants. L’édition 2016 présente les données d’une nouvelle enquête en ligne sur les petites et moyennes entreprises conçue par Facebook en collaboration avec l’OCDE et la Banque Mondiale. Elle contient aussi un chapitre spécial sur la productivité des PME, et des indicateurs permettant de suivre les différences hommes-femmes en matière d’entrepreneuriat.
English, PDF, 564kb
The national unemployment rate in Sweden has fallen to less than 7%, but this aggregate number hides important regional disparities which are partly due to inadequate or mismatched skills. To reduce these imbalances, Sweden needs to enhance the engagement of employers at the local level, strengthen regional skills planning, and inject more flexibility in the management of employment and skills policies.
La vigueur de la croissance a entraîné une hausse des revenus et un recul de la pauvreté, mais des problèmes subsisten
Les Marocains résidant à l’étranger sont une ressource à haut potentiel pour le développement économique du Maroc. Le nombre de personnes nées au Maroc et résidant dans les pays de l’OCDE a atteint 2,6 millions en 2010/11, ce qui en fait le dixième groupe d’émigrés le plus important au monde et le plus grand groupe d’émigrés en provenance d’un pays de la région MENA.
This report, commissioned by the XIX Government of Portugal, provides an evaluation of the comprehensive labour market reforms undertaken in Portugal over the period 2011-2015. It describes reforms in the areas of employment protection legislation, unemployment benefits, activation, collective bargaining, minimum wages and working time. The report reviews the reforms in detail and assesses the available evidence on the impact they have had on the labour market. The report concludes that the Portuguese labour market reforms were a move in the right direction. However, despite the progress made, many challenges remain and some of the reforms may not have gone far enough. Unemployment remains high and this situation has fuelled an increase in both poverty and long-term unemployment The labour market remains highly segmented and, in the context of very low inflation, the presence of downward nominal wage rigidity is likely to remain a barrier to the competitiveness of the Portuguese economy – unless productivity growth is strengthened.
This review introduces the background to and issues at stake in promoting equal partnerships in families in Germany. It encourages German policy makers to build on the important reforms since the mid-2000s to enable both fathers and mothers to have careers and children, and urges families to “dare to share”. To those ends it places Germany’s experience in an international comparison, and draws from the experience in, for example, France and the Nordic countries which have longstanding policies to support work-life balance and strengthen gender equality. The review starts with an overview chapter also explaining why and how equal sharing pays for families, children, the economy and society as a whole. The book presents current outcomes, policy trends, as well as detailed analysis of the drivers of paid and unpaid work and how more equal partnerships in families may help sustain fertility rates. The book examines policies to promote partnership, looking both at persistent shortcomings and progress achieved through reform since the mid-2000s. The book includes a set of policy recommendations designed to enable parents to share work and family responsibilities more equally.
Le taux de chômage de la zone OCDE stable à 6.2% en décembre 2016