Français, , 242kb
L’objectif de cette étude a été de mettre en évidence, pour les pays développés et les pays en développement, les conditions nécessaires à la réussite de l’ajustement structurel induit par les échanges, en redéployant le travail et le capital vers des utilisations plus efficaces, tout en limitant les coûts de l’ajustement pour les individus, les communautés et la société dans son ensemble. Huit secteurs ont été plus particulièrement
Les populations vieillissantes ont poussé les pays à chercher de nouveaux moyens de financement des retraites. L'OCDE suggère la mise en place de réformes, allant des changements dans les politiques de l'emploi, jusqu'au remaniement des pensions ...
English, , 1,029kb
This country report was prepared for the project "Alternative approaches to financing lifelong learning". It analyses and presents the development of lifelong learning in the Netherlands, and proposes ways to assist in improving it.
This paper discusses the pros and cons of a single labour contract. After reviewing the current state of dualism in labour markets and the recent labour reforms in Europe, we discuss the various proposals to eliminate dualism.
Mental health issues cost the UK around GBP 70 billion every year, or roughly 4.5% of GDP, in lost productivity at work, benefit payments and health care expenditure.
Localities across the OECD area are confronted with the challenge of reducing high and persistent unemployment and defining new sources of economic growth, all in the context of shrinking public resources. The 9th Annual Meeting offered an opportunity to reflect on innovative ways to support local job creation, business growth and effective policy delivery.
Today many local communities are confronted with the challenge of reducing high and persistent unemployment and defining new sources of economic growth, all in the context of shrinking public resources. The event gathered representatives of ministries responsible for regional development and employment from Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia and selected OECD countries to exchange on approaches that work in addressing these challenges.
English, Excel, 309kb
While work is often the best pathway out of poverty, employment does notalways guarantee an adequate living standard. At the outset of the currenteconomic downturn, the risk of in-work poverty was significant in mostOECD countries.
This publication explores the success of major innovation and entrepreneurship clusters in OECD countries, the challenges they now face in sustaining their positions and the lessons for other places seeking to build successful clusters. What are the key factors for cluster success? What problems are emerging on the horizon? Which is the appropriate role of the public sector in supporting the expansion of clusters and overcoming the obstacles?
The book addresses these and other issues, analysing seven internationally reputed clusters in depth: Grenoble in France, Vienna in Austria, Waterloo in Canada, Dunedin in New Zealand, Medicon Valley in Scandinavia, Oxfordshire in the United Kingdom, and Madison, Wisconsin, in the United States. For each cluster, it looks at the factors that have contributed to its growth, the impact of the cluster on local entrepreneurship performance, and the challenges faced for further expansion. It also puts forward a set of policy recommendations geared to the broader context of cluster development.
This publication is essential reading for policy makers, practitioners and academics wishing to obtain good practices in cluster development and guidance on how to enhance the economic impact of clusters.
English, Excel, 250kb
The world economy is in a severe economic downturn with potentiallydire consequences for workers and their families. The ultimate dimensionsof this crisis are not yet known, but it is already clear that it will be thedeepest recession of the post-war era for the OECD area.