A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.
English, PDF, 176kb
Hungary was hit harder by the global crisis than most OECD countries. Unemployment reached record levels at the peak of the crisis but has since recovered to its pre-crisis level around the current OECD average of 8%.
English, PDF, 160kb
Poland’s employment rate at 61% (Q2 2014) remains well below the OECD average but, in contrast to many other countries, it has increased slowly since the onset of the economic crisis (from 57.9% in Q1 2007).
English, PDF, 162kb
Unemployment rose substantially in the Slovak Republic as a result of the crisis and has only declined slowly since reaching a peak of 14.8% of the labour force in early 2010. At 13.3% in August 2014, the unemployment rate remains one of the highest among developed countries and is twice as high as the OECD average.
Il ressort d’un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE que le chômage restera bien au-dessus des niveaux d’avant la crise dans la plupart des pays membres, malgré un recul modeste sur le reste de l’année 2014 et en 2015.
English, PDF, 160kb
Switzerland has high employment rates and low unemployment. The overall employment rate remained stable since the start of the crisis and stands at 79% (first quarter of 2014), the second highest in the OECD after Iceland, well above the OECD average of 65.6%. As for unemployment, among OECD countries only Japan, Korea, and Norway have lower unemployment rates.
Tackling the epidemic of unemployment and underemployment that OECD countries have been facing since the first years of the crisis has been one of the top priorities at the OECD. In recent years, real wages have grown slowly, or even declined, bringing further hardship. Better policies for more and better jobs are needed.
Un mensaje claro que resulta de este Foro es que, a pesar de algunos signos de mejora, seguimos teniendo una enorme tarea por delante. Nuestras últimas proyecciones estiman que la tasa de desempleo para el conjunto de la OCDE caerá de 7,7% a finales de 2013 a 7,1% a finales de 2015.
This report examines recent activation policies in the United Kingdom aimed at moving people back into work. It offers insight into how countries can improve the effectiveness of their employment services and also control spending on benefits. The United Kingdom's policies have helped limit the rise in unemployment during the crisis. It has been at the forefront of reform efforts by OECD countries to transform and modernise policies designed to help the unemployed find work, through major new programmes such as Universal Credit and the Work Programme. Although time is needed for these to gain momentum as well as for a full evaluation of their impact to be carried out, the report identifies a number of areas where consideration should be given to additional measures or adjustments to existing ones.
Le marché du travail du Royaume-Uni a assez bien résisté à la récession. Après une contraction relativement limitée, la population active occupée s’est rétablie jusqu’à atteindre un chiffre record de 30 millions de personnes dernièrement, même si une partie des emplois créés se caractérisent par une productivité et une rémunération faibles.