A more skilled population ahead: age or cohort effects? Evidence from PIAAC and the differences in policies approach.
Le taux de chômage de la zone OCDE stable à 6.4% en avril 2016
L’Union européenne devrait modifier ses politiques relatives à l’immigration légale de travail pour s’assurer une juste part du vivier de talents internationaux, selon un nouveau rapport publié par l’OCDE.
The OECD series Recruiting Immigrant Workers comprises country studies of labour migration policies. Each volume analyses whether migration policy is being used effectively and efficiently to help meet labour needs, without adverse effects on labour markets. It focuses mainly on regulated labour migration movements over which policy has immediate and direct oversight. This particular volume looks at the efficiency of European Union instruments for managing labour migration.
Quand près d’un million de « boat people » vietnamiens ont fui leur pays à la fin des années 1970 et au début des années 1980 pour chercher refuge ailleurs, ils ont généralement été considérés comme un fardeau, et bien souvent refoulés. Beaucoup ont fini par être autorisés à s’installer aux États-Unis. La plupart ne parlaient pas anglais à leur arrivée, avaient des ressources limitées et peu de compétences professionnelles pertinentes.
Tax incentives are used widely across OECD countries to incentivise individuals to invest in education and training, but are they effective? Recent evidence from the USA highlights the risk of creating overly complex systems in which the embedded incentives are no longer fully understood by individuals. This carries an important lesson for other countries in designing their own tax measures for skills investments.
Workers can be mismatched by qualifications while their skills are, in fact, adequate for their jobs. This situation, ‘apparent’ qualification mismatch is more common in certain fields of study than in others and speaks to the need of strengthening the links between employers, education providers and students to share information on the true skills, to avoid true skills mismatch.
A range of OECD analysis has been exploring the relationship between digitalisation, jobs and skills, the magnitude of potential job substitution due to technological change, the relationship between globalisation and wage polarisation, as well as the changes to the organisation of work. This post focused on a recent paper on Automation.
The world of work is in flux as a result of digitisation, the development of the digital economy and broad technological change. These processes, coupled with globalisation, population ageing and changes in work organisation, will shape the world of work and raise challenges to public policy in unknown ways.
Recent fires in Fort McMurray draw attention to a town that has been a prime destination for internal mobility in Canada over the past decades. This post discusses the role that geographical internal mobility can play in improving the matching of skill demand and skill supply in a national labour market, while also noting some of the barriers to labour mobility and potential economic and social costs.