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Report prepared by the ILO, IMF, OECD and World Bank for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministerial Meeting Melbourne, Australia, 10-11 September 2014
A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.
Le taux de chômage de la zone OCDE en légère hausse à 7.4% en juillet 2014
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Hungary was hit harder by the global crisis than most OECD countries. Unemployment reached record levels at the peak of the crisis but has since recovered to its pre-crisis level around the current OECD average of 8%.
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Poland’s employment rate at 61% (Q2 2014) remains well below the OECD average but, in contrast to many other countries, it has increased slowly since the onset of the economic crisis (from 57.9% in Q1 2007).
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During the crisis, Sweden’s unemployment rate increased by almost 3 percentage points, but part of this increase has now been reabsorbed. By July 2014, unemployment had fallen to 7.7%, well down from a peak of 8.9% in 2010.
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After a decade of robust growth, Finland was hit particularly hard by the 2009 economic and financial crisis. It went through a double-dip recession and output and employment are still significantly below their pre-crisis levels.
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Unemployment rose substantially in the Slovak Republic as a result of the crisis and has only declined slowly since reaching a peak of 14.8% of the labour force in early 2010. At 13.3% in August 2014, the unemployment rate remains one of the highest among developed countries and is twice as high as the OECD average.
Note par pays sur la situation sur le marché du travail, les salaires, la qualité de l'emploi.
Il ressort d’un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE que le chômage restera bien au-dessus des niveaux d’avant la crise dans la plupart des pays membres, malgré un recul modeste sur le reste de l’année 2014 et en 2015.