Italien, Excel, 160kb
Secondo le previsioni OCSE dello scorso maggio la crescita in Italia resterà modesta nel corso del 2014 per aumentare lievemente nel 2015. Il tasso di disoccupazione è cresciuto ancora per raggiungere il 12,6% nel luglio 2014 – 2,4 punti percentuali sopra la media UE – mentre risultava occupata solo il 55,5% della popolazione in età da lavoro.
English, PDF, 161kb
Unemployment in Australia rose to a 12-year high in July of 6.4% (seasonally adjusted). While the short-term impact of the global financial crisis had been comparatively modest, the unemployment rate has been increasing steadily over the past two years (by 1.2 percentage points since July 2012), driven by declines in mining investment and slower growth in China.
Il ressort d’un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE que le chômage restera bien au-dessus des niveaux d’avant la crise dans la plupart des pays membres, malgré un recul modeste sur le reste de l’année 2014 et en 2015.
English, PDF, 160kb
Switzerland has high employment rates and low unemployment. The overall employment rate remained stable since the start of the crisis and stands at 79% (first quarter of 2014), the second highest in the OECD after Iceland, well above the OECD average of 65.6%. As for unemployment, among OECD countries only Japan, Korea, and Norway have lower unemployment rates.
English, PDF, 162kb
In the recession, the UK unemployment rate increased by 3 percentage points, but since 2012 – in common with the United States but in contrast with the Euro area – it has fallen back to near pre-crisis levels. The employment rate is now higher than the pre-recession level at around 73%, although this is exceeded by Germany among the G7 countries.
English, PDF, 166kb
The OECD Employment Outlook 2014 finds that while the impact of the global crisis was initially severe for Turkey, it was shorter than in the rest of the OECD area and there was a much sharper rebound. The unemployment rate was 9.1% in the first quarter of 2014 in Turkey, still above the OECD average (7.3%), but lower than in the pre-crisis period (9.4% in Q4 2007).
English, PDF, 163kb
Despite moderate signs of recovery across many OECD countries in 2014, the unemployment rate in Greece remains stuck at close to its highest level since the onset of the economic crisis (27.2% as of May 2014). OECD projections suggest that the expected joblessness rate in Greece will remain high (around 27%) through to the end of 2015.
Allemand, PDF, 164kb
Mit 5% ist Österreichs Arbeitslosenquote im Zeitenvergleich hoch, im Vergleich zu anderen OECD-Ländern jedoch immer noch moderat. Das Gleiche gilt für die Jugendarbeitslosigkeit, die mit 10% doppelt so hoch liegt wie die Quote der gesamten Erwerbsbevölkerung.
Français, PDF, 169kb
Le taux de chômage s'est stabilisé en France ces derniers mois, mais reste très élevé, atteignant 10,3% en juillet 2014 contre 7,4% en moyenne dans la zone OCDE. Si de nombreux pays ont connu un recul significatif de leur taux de chômage au cours de ces deux dernières années, la France est restée en marge de ce mouvement de reprise, le premier après à la crise financière mondiale.
Tackling the epidemic of unemployment and underemployment that OECD countries have been facing since the first years of the crisis has been one of the top priorities at the OECD. In recent years, real wages have grown slowly, or even declined, bringing further hardship. Better policies for more and better jobs are needed.