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Report prepared by the ILO, IMF, OECD and World Bank for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministerial Meeting Melbourne, Australia, 10-11 September 2014
A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.
Le taux de chômage de la zone OCDE en légère hausse à 7.4% en juillet 2014
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Hungary was hit harder by the global crisis than most OECD countries. Unemployment reached record levels at the peak of the crisis but has since recovered to its pre-crisis level around the current OECD average of 8%.
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Poland’s employment rate at 61% (Q2 2014) remains well below the OECD average but, in contrast to many other countries, it has increased slowly since the onset of the economic crisis (from 57.9% in Q1 2007).
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By July 2014, unemployment (OECD standardised definition) in the Netherlands had fallen to 6.7%, 0.6 percentage points lower than its peak in February of this year, but still 3.4 percentage points higher than at the start of the crisis.
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Belgium’s labour market continues to perform poorly relative to the OECD average. The employment rate of 61.8% (Q1 2014) is well below the OECD average and little changed from its pre-crisis level. Unemployment, at 8.5% in Q2 2014, remains close to peak levels, unlike in most other countries
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After a decade of robust growth, Finland was hit particularly hard by the 2009 economic and financial crisis. It went through a double-dip recession and output and employment are still significantly below their pre-crisis levels.
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Unemployment rose substantially in the Slovak Republic as a result of the crisis and has only declined slowly since reaching a peak of 14.8% of the labour force in early 2010. At 13.3% in August 2014, the unemployment rate remains one of the highest among developed countries and is twice as high as the OECD average.
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Following the onset the global economic and financial crisis, Denmark’s labour market performance has deteriorated significantly both in absolute terms and relative to the OECD average.