The present report on Lithuania is the fourth of a new series on "Investing in Youth" which builds on the expertise of the OECD on youth employment, social support and skills. This series covers both OECD countries and countries in the process of accession to the OECD, as well as some emerging economies. The report provides a detailed diagnosis of the youth labour market and VET system in Lithuania from an international comparative perspective, and offers tailored recommendations to help improve school-to-work transitions. It also provides an opportunity for Lithuania to learn from the innovative measures that other countries have taken to strengthen the skills of youth and their employment outcomes, notably through the implementation of a Youth Guarantee.
Pallier la pénurie d'entrepreneurs 2015 est la troisième publication de la série de rapports annuels qui fournissent des données et une analyse des politiques sur l’entreprenariat inclusif. L’entreprenariat inclusif comprend le marché des start-ups et le travail indépendant qui contribuent à l’inclusion sociale et aussi à la croissance économique, ainsi que les activités d'entrepreneuriat par les groupes sociaux tels que les jeunes, les femmes, les seniors, les immigrés et les chômeurs. Le rapport contient des données sur l'ampleur et la portée des activités d'entreprenariat et du travail indépendant dans les pays de l’Union européenne par les groupes sociaux ciblés, ainsi que les obstacles auxquels ils sont confrontés. Chaque chapitre thématique traite des problèmes et des défis politiques actuels, et fournit des recommandations pour les responsables politiques de l’Union européenne. Le rapport fournit également des exemples inspirants sur les pratiques de bonnes politiques de chacun des 28 membres de l’Union européenne.
Latvia has undergone major economic and social change since the early 1990s. Despite an exceptionally deep recession following the global financial crisis, impressive economic growth over the past two decades has narrowed income and productivity gaps relative to comparator countries in the OECD. But Latvians report low degrees of life satisfaction, very large numbers of Latvians have left the country, and growth has not been inclusive. A volatile economy and very large income disparities create pressing needs for more effective social and labour-market policies. The government’s reform programme rightly acknowledges inequality as a key challenge. However, without sustained policy efforts and adequate resources, there is a risk that productivity and income growth could remain below potential and social cohesion could be further weakened by high or rising inequality.
Skills for growth: human capital composition and economic performance
This report analyses the institutions and structures that govern labor migration in Asia. It considers the important role of governments and other stakeholders in both labour-destination countries such as Japan, the Republic of Korea, and Singapore, and labour-sending countries such as India, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka. Key issues are the extent to which these structures provide an orderly process for the movement of people between countries and whether the rights and the welfare of workers are protected.
Back to the future of work, policy discussion at the Forum on the Future of Work and Labour Ministerial, 14 and 15 January 2016.
The digital revolution, globalisation and rapid population ageing are changing profoundly the types of jobs needed and the way we work, and may lead to even more dramatic changes over the coming decades. Will the many unemployed ever find a job again with the skills they have today in new world of work? Where are new jobs being created and what do they look like?
Colombia has made major economic and social advances in recent years. The combination of strong economic growth and policies targeted at the most vulnerable groups improved considerably the living standards of the Colombian population. Today, the country enjoys higher employment and labour force participation rates than the average of OECD countries and unemployment is steadily declining. Nevertheless, despite these positive trends, deep structural problems remain. Labour informality is widespread, the rate of self-employment is high and many employees have non-regular contracts. Income inequality is higher than in any OECD country and redistribution through taxes and benefits is almost negligible. In addition, half a century of internal conflict and violence has displaced a significant part of the population, and many of them are living in extreme poverty. Despite considerable progress, violence continues to be a challenge and also affects trade union members and leaders. The Colombian Government has undertaken important reforms in recent years to address these labour market and social challenges, and the efforts are gradually paying off. However, further progress is needed to enhance the quality of jobs and well-being for all. The main trust of this report is to support the Colombian Government in tackling labour market duality, generate trust between the social partners, develop inclusive and active social policies, and get the most out of international migration.
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Les ministres de l’Emploi et du Travail de l'OCDE réunis à Paris ont souligné leur détermination à renforcer l’emploi, notamment au profit des jeunes et des chômeurs de longue durée, à lutter contre les inégalités sur le marché du travail, et à aider les personnes souffrant de troubles psychiques à trouver un emploi stable.
Le taux d’emploi de l’OCDE en hausse à 66.2% au troisième trimestre 2015