This report examines how current legal provisions in Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia are impacting women’s ability to fully participate in economic life, both as employees and entrepreneurs. It is based on a comparative analysis of the various rights set out in constitutions, personal status laws, labour laws, in addition to tax and business laws. The report recognises the considerable progress made – in particular in the aftermath of the 2011 uprisings – following the adoption of constitutional and institutional reforms to strengthen women’s status.
Yet ensuring sufficient opportunities for women remains a challenge in the six countries. The report suggests that this may be due to different factors such as: the existence of certain laws that are gender discriminatory, contradictions between various legal frameworks, lack of enforcement mechanisms, and barriers for women in accessing justice. Through targeted policies, countries can tackle these challenges, and help unleash women’s potential to boost growth, competitiveness and inclusive social development.
Les Marocains résidant à l’étranger sont une ressource à haut potentiel pour le développement économique du Maroc. Le nombre de personnes nées au Maroc et résidant dans les pays de l’OCDE a atteint 2,6 millions en 2010/11, ce qui en fait le dixième groupe d’émigrés le plus important au monde et le plus grand groupe d’émigrés en provenance d’un pays de la région MENA.
The main objective of the seminar was to provide an international forum for a multi-stakeholder policy dialogue on tourism and local development, also in relation to entrepreneurship and job creation, with a special focus on developments in the Mediterranean region.