Slower growth in key markets like China and India is reducing momentum across the Australian economy, cutting into employment opportunities and putting more pressure on the government to ensure that public policy delivers optimal results for growth and job creation.
This report on the recent Australian experience with activation policies contains valuable lessons for other countries that need to improve the effectiveness of employment services and control benefit expenditure. It provides overview and assessment of labour market policies in Australia including the main institutions, benefit system, training programmes, employment incentives, and disability employment assistance.
Australia is unique among OECD countries in that its mainstream employment services are all delivered by over 100 for-profit and non-profit providers competing in a “quasi-market”, with their operations financed by service fees, employment outcome payments, and a special fund for measures that tackle jobseekers’ barriers to employment. In most other OECD countries, these services are delivered by the Public Employment Service. In the mid 2000s, several benefits previously paid without a job-search requirement were closed or reformed, bringing more people into the effective labour force.
Australia now has one of the highest employment rates in the OECD and this report concludes that its activation system deserves some of the credit for this relatively good performance. The Job Services Australia model, introduced in 2009, reinforced the focus on employment outcomes for highly-disadvantaged groups. This report assesses the latest model for activation and puts forward some recommendations to improve its effectiveness.
Skills and educational development for inclusive and sustainable growth are becoming significant drivers in OECD countries.
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Australia’s labour market continues to perform well in comparison with other major developed countries. The unemployment rate, at 5.1% in May 2012, is among the lowest in the OECD.
L'OCDE a lancé sa Stratégie des compétences pour aider les gouvernements à renforcer la résilience économique, stimuler l'emploi et améliorer la cohésion sociale. Malgré la pression pesant sur les finances publiques, l’éducation et les compétences sont des dépenses d'avenir prioritaires.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
This report summarises the analysis, findings and policy recommendations from the project on Climate Change, Employment and Local Development undertaken by the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme.
This report examines the relationship between SMEs' management of intellectual assets, innovation and competitiveness.
The aims of the workshop are to outline the key findings and recommendations of the two reports and to look at how we can develop stronger partnerships across Sydney to reduce carbon emissions and increase economic and employment opportunities.
L’Australie doit relever un double défi : augmenter l’offre de main-d’œuvre tout en œuvrant en faveur de l’inclusion sociale.