Politiques et données sur la santé

Mental Health Systems in OECD Countries

 

Mental disorders account for one of the largest and fastest growing categories of the burden of disease with which health systems must cope, often accounting for a greater burden than cardiovascular disease and cancer. As reliance upon inpatient care reduces – psychiatric inpatient beds are falling across most OECD countries – countries are often struggling to provide appropriate care in the community. Many mild to moderate mental disorders are under diagnosed and untreated, meaning that a significant proportion of the population suffering from mental ill health remains hidden. The indirect costs of mental ill health, for example in lost productivity, are significant.

Mental disorders also account for a significant share of health spending, particularly public health spending. OECD estimates of expenditure on mental and behavioural disorders show a wide variation between countries. There is also significant variation in inputs, clinical outcomes and health care quality indicators.

Given the large burden of disease and the variations in financing, delivery and outcomes, there is considerable interest in how to strengthen mental health systems, and measure performance in an objective and standardised way. There is also vast potential for cross-country learning and sharing of best practices between OECD members. Much still remains to be done to assure high-quality evidence-based treatment, appropriate outcome measurement, and good value-for-money in mental health systems across OECD countries.  

LATEST EVENT

OUT OF THE SHADOWS: MAKING MENTAL HEALTH A GLOBAL PRIORITY
High-level event organised by the World Bank Group and the World Health Organization, 13-14 April, Washington DC.

  • Francesca Colombo, Head of the OECD Health Division, will participate in the plenary panel discussion on "Mental Health in the Global Development Agenda: Challenges and Option". Access the agenda
  • Read the OECD blog post Stepping Up to Tackle Mental Ill-Health 

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MAKING MENTAL HEALTH COUNT: THE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC COSTS OF NEGLECTING MENTAL HEALTH CARE

Making-Mental-Health-Count

Despite the enormous burden that mental ill-health imposes on individuals, their families, society, health systems and the economy, mental health care remains a neglected area of health policy in too many countries. Mental disorders represent a considerable disease burden, and have a significant impact on the lives of the OECD population, and account for considerable direct and indirect costs.

Making Mental Health Count argues that even in those OECD countries with a long history of deinstitutionalisation, there is still a long way to go to make community-based mental health care that achieves good outcomes for people with severe mental illness a reality. The high burden of mental ill health and the accompanying costs in terms of reduced quality of life, loss of productivity, and premature mortality, mean that making mental health count for all OECD countries is a priority.

October 30, 2014 - Official launch of the publication in Korea

Read the presentation by Mark Pearson on Making Mental Health Count. Also available for download at http://www.slideshare.net/OECD_ELS/making-mental-health-count

Country profiles

Alongside Making Mental Health Count, the OECD will be releasing a series of mental health system profiles, designed to complement the analysis provided in the principal publication. The profiles provide a comprehensive picture of the various ways that systems have evolved, improved, assessed and responded to weaknesses, and work to tackle the different challenges that all OECD mental health systems continue to face. These descriptive accounts of OECD countries’ mental health systems present the diversity of approaches to mental health care provision, the peculiarities of the challenges faced by systems, the similarities and general trends between countries, and the potential for sharing of best practices between OECD members. Profiles of the mental health systems in Finland, Italy, the Netherlands and Scotland were released on July 10, with profiles of England and Sweden following later in 2014.

England England Netherlands Netherlands
Finland Finland Scotland Scotland
Italy Italy Sweden Sweden

PAST EVENTS

THE GLOBAL CRISIS OF DEPRESSION - THE LOW OF THE 21ST CENTURY? 
Tuesday, November 25th 2014 - Kings Place, London  

WORLD MENTAL HEALTH DAY 
10 October 2014  

Mental Health, New Challenges in the Americas
The OECD is participating at an event organised by the Department of Non-communicable Diseases and Mental Health (NMH) of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO/WHO), in collaboration with The Department of Global Health Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University. See the agenda

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