Despite a shift toward greater acceptance in most OECD countries, homo-, trans- and intersexphobia remain widespread, thereby putting LGBTI at risk of being discriminated against in dimensions critical for their well-being: family life, education, economic outcomes and health. The OECD aims to undertake the three following steps:
6-7 July 2017: Workshop on “Recent Advances in the Economics of Discrimination” at the OECD Conference Centre, including:
Even though homosexuality is more accepted, homophobia is still widespread in OECD countries
Greater acceptance of homosexuality in countries where same-sex marriage is legal
Only few population-based surveys include direct questions on sexual orientation, and even fewer ask respondents about their gender identity. For intersex people, the only estimates stem from research articles published in medical journals. This leads to a knowledge gap about the size of these groups and their situation. Tentative but conservative measures suggest that LGBTI stand for a sizeable minority, however. For instance, they represent approximately 4.5% of the total population in the US, a proportion that can be broken down as follows among LGBTI subgroups (bearing in mind that these subgroups partly overlap):
Based on a systematic review of survey-based and experimental evidence, the background report points to substantial hurdles for LGBTI:
On February 12, 2014, twelve member countries issued a “Call to Action” asking the OECD to study the economic case for inclusive policies for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) individuals. Supported by the Netherlands, the United States, Austria and Denmark in the first phase, the OECD’s LGBTI work is centred around a scoping review of the evidence on socio-economic participation of LGBTI and the identification of disparities across countries. The project also aims at identifying discrimination in various areas of life such as labour, housing, education, health and public policies. This project is led by the Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, in cooperation with the Statistics Directorate.
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