Les jeunes qui arrêtent l’école à 16 ans avec peu de qualifications éprouvent de plus en plus de difficultés à trouver du travail, et leurs chances pourraient ne pas s’améliorer même si l’économie se redresse, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
This working paper examines the impact of technological change on labour market outcomes since the computer revolution of the 1980s, and recent developments in digital technology – including machine learning and robotics – and their potential impacts on the future of work.
The OECD has just released a new working paper by Thor Berger and Carl Frey which provides a systematic overview of the literature examining the impact of digitalisation on labour markets. The paper highlights some well-known as well as some lesser-known facts about digitalisation, deindustrialisation and the future of work.
English, PDF, 956kb
Final report for the G7 Health Ministerial meeting, Kobe, Japan, 11-12 September 2016. This report addresses, among other issues, to what extent has the achievement of UHC in OECD countries contributed to improved population health outcomes; and is UHC affordable for low- and middle-income countries.
Malgré les progrès remarquables de l’état de santé et de l’espérance de vie dans les pays de l’OCDE au cours des dernières décennies, de nombreuses inégalités subsistent non seulement entre les pays, mais aussi entre les groupes de population au sein de chaque pays. Ces inégalités en santé sont liées à de multiples facteurs, dont les différences dans l’exposition aux facteurs de risque sanitaires et dans l’accès aux soins de santé.
Those in-depth studies of the health system of member countries focus on economic issues. They assess the performance of health systems in a comparative context, identify the main challenges faced by the country health system and put forward policy options to better meet them. Reviews are initiated at the request of the country to be examined and emphasis is placed on specific issues of key policy interest.
Latvia’s health system broadly delivers effective and efficient care to the population within a context of significantly fewer resources – and higher health care needs – than most OECD countries. Latvia has successfully consolidated its hospital sector and strengthened primary care. Average length of stay in hospital fell by almost 15% between 2005 and 2013, and GPs are now required to follow up on patients who called for emergency medical assistance but were not hospitalised. OECD health systems could learn much from these reforms as well as longer-standing institutions, such as Latvia’s feldshers (physician assistants). Latvia nevertheless faces important challenges to improve the performance of its health system. Up to one in five Latvians report forgoing health care because of the cost; waiting times for key diagnostic and treatment services can be long; and inclusion of key treatments in the publicly-funded benefits basket does not always reflect latest best practice. Critically, the health system lags behind many OECD countries in the extent to which data are used to systematically measure, compare and improve the performance of services, especially at more granular provider or local levels. This review aims to support Latvia in continuing reform of its health system, informed by international best practice.
Dementia is a devastating condition for the people affected, their family and friends, and for health systems. Through its global reach and ability to bring together government and non-government perspectives, OECD is in a unique position to face up to the challenge.
La Commission de haut niveau sur l’emploi en santé et la croissance économique, présidée par S. E. François Hollande et S. E. Jacob Zuma, a présenté aujourd'hui son rapport final et ses recommandations au Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, en marge de l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies à New York.
Français, Excel, 591kb
This edition presents an overview of some “alternative pathways” that could help take the pressure off the main traditional pathways for refugees in general and assesses their potential application for Syrians in particular. Overall, these alternatives can help provide safe channels and good integration prospects to refugees who might otherwise be tempted to risk their fate with smugglers and illegal border crossing.