Health services account for a large and increasing share of production and expenditure in OECD countries but there are also noticeable differences between countries in expenditure per capita. Whether such differences are due to more services consumed in some countries than in others or whether they reflect differences in the price of services is a question of significant policy relevance. Yet, cross-country comparisons of the price of
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La reprise sur le marché du travail est quelque peu plus vigoureuse que dans les autres économies avancées.
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Depuis le début de la crise mondiale, le taux de chômage en France a augmenté de 2.1 points de pourcentage, augmentation plus faible que celle observée en moyenne dans les pays de l’OCDE entre décembre 2007 et mai 2010 (2.8 points de pourcentage).
The ratio of health expenditure to GDP, which in macroeconomic terms is an indicator which summarises the financing needs of a national health system, is likely to rise in countries for which the GDP falls. This paper reviews the possible implications of the recessions for this ratio.
OECD countries have made significant reform progress in recent decades, in fields as diverse as competition policy, health care and the environment. How have they done it? And why have reforms advanced in some places and stalled in others? This collection of essays analyses the reform experiences of the 30 OECD countries in nine major policy domains in order to identify lessons, pitfalls and strategies that may help foster policy reform in the future. While taking full account of the tremendous differences in the political and institutional settings in which these reforms were undertaken, the authors highlight a number of common challenges and potential solutions that hold good across both countries and issue areas. They show that the scope for cross-national policy learning is enormous.
The importance of such reform lessons is all the greater in the wake of the global financial and economic crisis. As OECD governments confront the challenge of trying to restore public finances to health without undermining the recovery, they will need to pursue a careful mix of fiscal policies and growth-enhancing structural reforms. Designing, adopting and implementing such a policy mix will require the crafting of effective reforms and effective strategies for implementing them.
The integration of the children of immigrants – both those born in the host country (the "second generation") and those who arrived young enough to be educated in the host country – is of growing policy relevance for OECD countries. This technical seminar proceedings sheds light on the issues involved in the labour market integration of the children of immigrants, and discusses policy answers and good practices.
In 2008, the OECD launched a survey to collect information on the health systems characteristics of member countries. This paper presents the informaton provided by 29 of these countries in 2009.
Angel Gurría provides an overview of labour market conditions in OECD countries and explains why large fiscal deficits complicate the policy options even further. He also describes what governments should do to promote a job-rich recovery that benefits all workforce groups, including the most vulnerable.
Les perspectives d’évolution du marché du travail à court terme ne sont pas favorables et les pays sont confrontés à un risque sérieux de “reprise sans emplois” a déclaré le Secrétaire général lors de la réunion des ministres du Travail du G20 à Washington.
La réunion a pour but de rassembler les décideurs politiques, chercheurs et autres experts pour contribuer à mettre en place un cadre analytique sur les questions liées à l'insertion sur le marché du travail des personnes souffrant de maladie mentale.