Health data constitutes a significant resource in most OECD countries that could be used to improve population health, the quality of health care and the performance of health systems. Rising levels of chronic diseases; concerns about the quality and safety of patient care; the need to assure value for investments in health care; and the need to allocate health resources wisely; are all too important to be left without good evidence for decision making.
This book, based on studies of 19 countries on the development and use of personal health data and of 25 countries on development and use of electronic health record systems, includes results showing good practices, new opportunities and data privacy protection challenges. It finds that well-intended policies to allay concerns about breaches of confidentiality and potential misuse of personal health data may be limiting data use, but that the next five years appear promising, in terms of both the number of countries that plan to implement national electronic health record systems and the number that consider it likely that data from these systems will be used for some aspects of health care quality monitoring. They also appear promising for the further use of existing personal health databases and for the linkage of multiple data sources to generate new evidence.
What is the extent and impact of the international mobility of skills? What can ensure that highly educated youth are used to their full potential and contribute to development by staying in their country or migrating? How to improve the matching between supply and demand for skills between potential (return) migrants and employers in destination and origin countries and in particular in sectors such as health and education?
La Corée devrait améliorer son système de protection sociale et renforcer le soutien apporté aux travailleurs licenciés afin de les aider à trouver plus rapidement un nouvel emploi, selon un récent rapport de l’OCDE.
In Korea's dynamic labour market, job displacement (involuntary job loss due to firm closure or downsizing) affects many workers over the course of their working lives. Some workers are more vulnerable than others to this risk and may face long periods of unemployment/inactivity after displacement, particularly if their skills are not well-matched to emerging job opportunities. Even when they find new jobs, displaced workers tend to be paid less, have fewer benefits and are more likely to be overskilled than in the jobs they held prior to displacement. Helping displaced workers get back into good jobs quickly should be a key goal of labour market policy. To achieve this goal, Korea needs to increase resources devoted to re-employment programmes, such as job-search training and job matching, to improve their performance and better target those who need the most help. Existing training programmes need to be revised to ensure that people are obtaining skills that will help them find work. The social safety net also needs to be strengthened to lower the personal and societal costs of displacement, notably by improving the coverage of unemployment benefits.
L’Irlande devrait simplifier son régime de retraite et le rendre plus équitable afin que chacun perçoive des revenus suffisants lui assurant un niveau de vie décent à la retraite, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
L’administration centrale ainsi que les régions danoises mènent l’effort engagé au niveau international afin de réformer les systèmes hospitaliers : il s’agit d’améliorer la qualité et la sécurité des soins en regroupant les spécialistes dans de grands hôpitaux et en fermant les plus petits établissements.
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Hospital Volumes: An International Perspective on Germany. Presentation by Mark Pearson during the BMG-OECD Conference on Managing Hospital Volumes, Berlin, April 2013.
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This Brief looks at the upcoming publication "Strengthening Health Information Infrastructure For Health Care Quality Governance" and argues that privacy-respectful uses of data for health, health care quality and health system performance monitoring and research must become widespread, regular activities.
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This report is about the progress that has been made in OECD countries to develop national health information infrastructure. It signals important differences among countries in both the data that is available and its accessibility and use; and the opportunities that exist in all countries to continue to strengthen health information infrastructure in the future.
La Norvège devrait repenser son approche des problèmes de santé mentale au travail afin d’aider plus de personnes à trouver un emploi ou à le conserver, mais aussi de mettre un frein à des dépenses publiques élevées et croissantes, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.