English, PDF, 553kb
Ireland was hit hard by the financial crisis and the labour market has yet to fully mend. The unemployment rate more than tripled from 4.6% in Q1 2007 to its peak of 15.1% in Q4 2011.
This report produced in co-operation with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) identifies the misalignments between climate change objectives and policy and regulatory frameworks across a range of policy domains (investment, taxation, innovation and skills, trade, and adaptation) and activities at the heart of climate policy (electricity, urban mobility and rural land use).
Outside of countries’ core climate policies, many of the regulatory features of today’s economies have been built around the availability of fossil fuels and without any regard for the greenhouse gas emissions stemming from human activities. This report makes a diagnosis of these contradictions and points to means of solving them to support a more effective transition of all countries to a low-carbon economy.
English, PDF, 2,439kb
This new brochure presents the OECD Work on Health for 2015-2016, including all recent and forthcoming major publications and databases.
This report examines how countries perform in their ability to prevent, manage and treat cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. The last 50 years have witnessed remarkable improvements in CVD outcomes. Since 1960, overall CVD mortality rates have fallen by over 60%, but these improvements are not evenly spread across OECD countries, and the rising prevalence of diabetes and obesity are threatening to offset gains.
This report examines how OECD countries deliver the programmes and services related to CVD and diabetes. It considers how countries have used available health care resources to reduce the overall burden of CVD and diabetes, and it focuses on the variation in OECD health systems’ ability to convert health care inputs (such as expenditure) into health gains.
English, PDF, 921kb
Over the last few decades, mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) has dropped faster than mortality from other causes. Despite this great success, prospects for making further progress are threatened by rising levels of obesity and diabetes and the lack of adherence to recommended treatments.
La progression du diabète et de l’obésité menace les progrès enregistrés dans la lutte contre les maladies cardiovasculaires
Le monde répare encore les dégâts que la crise a occasionnés aux perspectives de l’emploi et à l’égalité sociale. Les gouvernements s’efforcent de créer non seulement plus d’emplois, mais aussi des emplois de meilleure qualité. Un nouveau cadre de l’OCDE les aide à définir la « qualité de l’emploi » et à évaluer l’efficacité de leurs politiques.
More than three million individuals who were born in Germany lived in another OECD country in 2010/11. To assess the potential that this group represents for the German labour market, this review establishes the distribution of German emigrants over OECD countries, as well as their age, sex, and educational attainment. Shifts in the German diaspora towards European destination countries and higher educational attainment are documented. The largest German diaspora still resides in the United States, but the diaspora in Switzerland and Spain has grown particularly quickly. International students from Germany have even come to represent the largest group of international students from any OECD country. While German emigrants experience less favourable labour market outcomes than their peers in Germany, the emigrants work disproportionately often in high-skill occupations. Survey evidence suggests that many Germans in Germany consider emigration and that many German emigrants are open to return. Those who have returned in recent years, however, appear to have a lower educational attainment than those leaving.
Germany is both the OECD’s second-largest country of immigration and one of the main origin countries of emigrants: 3.4 million people born in Germany were living in another OECD country in 2011, says a new OECD report “Talent Abroad: A Review of German Emigrants”.
Partout dans le monde, les jeunes peinent à entrer sur le marché du travail. Dans certains pays de l’OCDE, un quart des 16-29 ans sont sans emploi et ne suivent ni études ni formation. Les Perspectives de l’OCDE sur les compétences 2015 montrent combien une stratégie d’ensemble est nécessaire pour améliorer l’employabilité des jeunes. Si les politiques éducatives, sociales et du marché du travail tiennent chacune un rôle essentiel à cet égard, la coordination entre secteur public et secteur privé n’en est pas moins déterminante. La présente publication s’appuie sur les résultats de l’Évaluation des compétences des adultes de 2012, objet de la première édition des Perspectives, et contient des exemples de politiques menées avec succès dans différents pays.