Latest Documents


  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 362kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Portugal

    Despite financial strains, Portugal has shown a great level of commitment towards improving the quality and efficiency of its health system while maintaining a universal public system. However, although progress has been achieved, certain areas demand further scrutiny such as access to health care services – especially among the most vulnerable population – quality of care, healthier lifestyles and the long-term care system.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 338kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Latvia

    Latvia’s health system broadly delivers effective care to the population within a context of significantly fewer resources compared to most OECD countries. However, there are important challenges to maintain and improve the performance of its health system.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 346kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Japan

    Japan continues to enjoy strong health outcomes and the longest life expectancies in the OECD. Its health spending has risen more quickly than in other OECD countries in recent years, partly due to population ageing. Within tight fiscal constraints, Japan must ensure the financial sustainability of its health system while orienting it toward an increasingly older population.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 78kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Iceland

    Although the annual growth rate in health spending in Iceland is now close to zero, health expenditure per capita remains largely above the OECD average. Iceland reports good health outcomes and tobacco and alcohol consumption are relatively low. Increasing obesity rates, problems in access to care and poor quality of hospital care, however, are important challenges threatening the health of the Icelandic population.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 439kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Luxembourg

    The Luxembourg health care system achieves good results relatively efficiently. Luxembourg is, however, lagging behind other OECD countries with high volume of antibiotics prescribed and high rates of avoidable hospital admissions. Population ageing and increasing risk factors are other important challenges that demand further scrutiny.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 573kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Austria

    The Austrian health system generally provides good access to health care services through a relatively high degree of human and physical resources. However, primary care could be strengthened in order to avoid unnecessary hospitalisations and a stronger focus on mental ill-health is needed. Efforts are also required to prevent the spread of risk factors such as harmful alcohol and tobacco consumption.

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  • 28-March-2017

    English, PDF, 427kb

    Overview of Health Policy in Estonia

    The Estonian health system has relatively high numbers of doctors, hospital beds and medical services, in spite of modest levels of financial resources for health (6% of GDP in 2014). The outcomes are however mixed compared to other OECD countries.

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  • 23-March-2017

    English

    Cognitive skills in middle-income countries: Evidence from PIAAC and STEP

    An increasing number of middle-income countries are participating in projects measuring cognitive skills of the adult population. Large differences in skill levels exist between these countries, with some having a large skills gap compared to OECD countries. Skill differences not only reflect differences in educational attainment, as skill levels among adults with the same level of educational differ widely across countries.

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  • 17-mars-2017

    Français

  • 17-March-2017

    English

    Health Expenditure

    Latest estimates point to slowly rising health spending growth, according to OECD Health Statistics 2016. While health spending growth remains somewhat below pre-crisis rates, it has tended to follow economic growth more closely since 2013. This is in contrast to the years leading up to the economic crisis, when growth in health spending strongly outpaced that in the rest of the economy.

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