Anglais, PDF, 475kb
This edition of Migration Policy Debates looks at the evidence for how immigrants affect the economy in three main areas: The labour market, the public purse and economic growth.
Anglais, Excel, 1kb
This first edition of Migration Policy Debates looks at the magnitude and characteristics of the migration movements to Europe and the OECD and at how have they evolved over time.
The majority of the population, and one in five children, are overweight or obese in the OECD area. A nearly tenfold variation in rates of obesity and overweight is observed across OECD countries. This Policy Brief series presents an update of analyses of trends and social disparities in obesity, using the latest data available.
The shares of top income recipients in total pre-tax income have increased in OECD countries in the past three decades, particularly in most of the English-speaking countries but also in some Nordic (from low levels) and Southern European countries. Today, the richest one percent receives between 7% of all pre-tax income in Denmark and the Netherlands up to almost 20% in the United States.
Français, PDF, 831kb
La part des 1 % les plus riches dans le total des revenus avant impôts s’est accrue depuis une trentaine d’années ; c’est le cas surtout dans les pays anglophones, mais aussi dans certains pays nordiques et d’Europe du Sud.
Ces trente dernières années, la part des 1 % les plus riches sur le total des revenus avant imposition a progressé dans la plupart des pays de l'OCDE. Sur cette période, les 1 % de la population aux revenus les plus élevés ont en effet capté une part disproportionnée de la progression globale des revenus : jusqu’à 37 % au Canada et 47 % aux États-Unis selon une nouvelle analyse de l'OCDE.
Given the ageing challenges, there is an increasing pressure in OECD countries to further boost the employability of the working-age population over the coming decades. This report provides an overview of policy iniatives implemented over the past decade in the Netherlands and identifies areas where more should be done, covering both supply-side and demand-side aspects. To give better incentives to carry on working, the report recommends to promote longer contribution periods in the second-pillar pension schemes, and ensure better information and transparency of pension schemes, with a special focus on groups with low financial literacy. On the side of employers, it is important to progress towards more age-neutral hiring decisions and wage-setting procedures with more focus on performance and less on tenure and seniority. To improve the employability of older workers, the focus should be to promote training measures for older unemployed which are directly linked to a specific job. The large diversity in municipal "Work-First"programmes should be utilised in designing mor effective activation policies targetted on those at risk of losing contact with the labour market.
Encourager les travailleurs âgés à prolonger leur activité professionnelle aideraient les Pays-Bas à relever le défi du vieillissement de la population et de la hausse des dépenses sociales, selon un nouveau rapport publié par l'OCDE.
This report provides a detailed diagnosis of the youth labour market and education system in Brazil. It takes an international comparative perspective, offering policy options to help improve school-to-work transitions. It also provides an opportunity for other countries to learn from the innovative measures that Brazil has taken to strengthen the skills of youth and their employment outcomes.
This conference on 9 April 2014 will provide an opportunity for a mutual sharing of good practice in fostering the better insertion of youth into the labour market through the development of quality apprenticeships. It would also seek to foster a greater commitment by countries to take action to introduce or strengthen apprenticeship initiatives and to take stock of the progress achieved.