The health systems we enjoy today, and expected medical advances in the future, will be difficult to finance from public resources without major reforms. Public health spending in OECD countries has grown rapidly over most of the last half century. These spending increases have contributed to important progress in population health: for example, life expectancy at birth has increased, rising on average by ten years since 1970. The challenge now is to sustain and enhance these achievements in a context of tight fiscal constraints in many countries combined with upward pressure on health spending from factors such as new technological advances and demographic changes. Finding policies that can make health spending more sustainable without compromising important achievements in access and quality requires effective co-operation between health and finance ministries. Sound governance and co-ordination mechanisms are therefore essential to ensure effective policy choices. Prepared by both public finance and health experts, this report provides a unique detailed overview of institutional frameworks for financing health care in OECD countries. One of the main features of this book is a comprehensive mapping of budgeting practices and governance structure in health across OECD countries.
Why are workers mismatched in the first place? Many, if not most, students choose a field of study based on what they want to become and do to earn a living. Yet almost four in ten workers end up doing something unrelated. This is sometimes by choice but not always.
English, PDF, 1,579kb
The current humanitarian crisis is unprecedented with an appalling and unacceptable human cost. This issue of Migration Policy Debates looks at the most recent developments in the humanitarian migration crisis and what makes this crisis different from previous ones.
En 4 pages, les Débats sur les politiques migratoires offrent un résumé complet des développements récents dans le domaine des politiques de gestion des migrations et de l’intégration.
Apprenticeships provide opportunities to build up new skills and knowledge both on and off the job. When they are of high quality, apprenticeships promote a smoother transition from school to work for young people, giving them a good start to their working careers.
La mauvaise santé mentale fait payer un lourd tribut aux personnes concernées, aux entreprises et à l’économie de manière générale. Les problèmes de santé mentale sont à l’origine d’une perte très importante de l’offre potentielle de main-d’œuvre, de taux élevés de chômage et engendrent des absences maladie et une baisse de productivité au travail. Ce rapport de synthèse, qui fait suite à un rapport introductif (« Mal-être au travail ? Mythes et réalités sur la santé mentale et l'emploi ») et à neuf études par pays, propose un résumé des résultats recueillis dans les pays qui ont participé à l’étude et avance des arguments en faveur d’une intervention plus forte des pouvoirs publics.
This blog post looks at the importance of assessing and anticipating skill needs as recent empirical literature warns about the negative impact that skills mismatch can have on individuals and economies as a whole.
English, PDF, 631kb
This report presents concise evidence of recent trends in inequality and labour income shares and identifies possible causes as a basis for developing potential policy responses. It pays particular attention to both the overall trends and common patterns in the G20 as well as to the important differentiation across G20 countries.
English, PDF, 1,945kb
This report, on strengthening the link between Growth and Employment, presents a brief update on recent economic and labour market developments in the G20, looks at the relationship between growth and employment, and discusses how to make the feedback positive and stronger.
The combination of work and study has been hailed as crucial to ensure that youth develop the skills required on the labour market so that transitions from school to work are shorter and smoother. As a result, many governments encourage learning on the job, particularly when it comes as part of certified programmes such as vocational education and training pathways (VET) or apprenticeships.