Malgré les progrès remarquables de l’état de santé et de l’espérance de vie dans les pays de l’OCDE au cours des dernières décennies, de nombreuses inégalités subsistent non seulement entre les pays, mais aussi entre les groupes de population au sein de chaque pays. Ces inégalités en santé sont liées à de multiples facteurs, dont les différences dans l’exposition aux facteurs de risque sanitaires et dans l’accès aux soins de santé.
Latvia’s health system broadly delivers effective and efficient care to the population within a context of significantly fewer resources – and higher health care needs – than most OECD countries. Latvia has successfully consolidated its hospital sector and strengthened primary care. Average length of stay in hospital fell by almost 15% between 2005 and 2013, and GPs are now required to follow up on patients who called for emergency medical assistance but were not hospitalised. OECD health systems could learn much from these reforms as well as longer-standing institutions, such as Latvia’s feldshers (physician assistants). Latvia nevertheless faces important challenges to improve the performance of its health system. Up to one in five Latvians report forgoing health care because of the cost; waiting times for key diagnostic and treatment services can be long; and inclusion of key treatments in the publicly-funded benefits basket does not always reflect latest best practice. Critically, the health system lags behind many OECD countries in the extent to which data are used to systematically measure, compare and improve the performance of services, especially at more granular provider or local levels. This review aims to support Latvia in continuing reform of its health system, informed by international best practice.
Dementia is a devastating condition for the people affected, their family and friends, and for health systems. Through its global reach and ability to bring together government and non-government perspectives, OECD is in a unique position to face up to the challenge.
La Commission de haut niveau sur l’emploi en santé et la croissance économique, présidée par S. E. François Hollande et S. E. Jacob Zuma, a présenté aujourd'hui son rapport final et ses recommandations au Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, en marge de l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies à New York.
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This edition presents an overview of some “alternative pathways” that could help take the pressure off the main traditional pathways for refugees in general and assesses their potential application for Syrians in particular. Overall, these alternatives can help provide safe channels and good integration prospects to refugees who might otherwise be tempted to risk their fate with smugglers and illegal border crossing.
Second and final meeting of the UNSG High-level Commission on Health Employment and Economic Growth, with Angel Gurría as co-vice chair. The final report will be released on September 20, 2016.
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This edition of Migration Policy Debates presents updated information on international migration in the Americas up to 2014 as well as on labour market outcomes of emigrants originating from the hemisphere. It also summarises available evidence on the emigration of doctors and nurses from the region.
Health Systems Characteristics 2012: Published results from the 2012 round of data collection.
This article by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría addresses the refugee crisis, encouraging governments to seize the opportunity that refugees bring for our economies and societies.
Responses from the third wave of the OECD Health System Characteristics Survey are available online, providing access to the most recent information on key institutional characteristics of health systems of OECD countries and key partner and accession countries.