Latest Documents


  • 4-June-2015

    English

    Universal Health Coverage

    Universal Health Coverage is about everyone having access to good quality health services without suffering financial hardship. Although most OECD countries offer all their citizens affordable access to a comprehensive package of health services, they face challenges in sustaining and enhancing such universal systems.

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  • 4-juin-2015

    Français

    Des emplois meilleurs et plus nombreux pour une reprise inclusive

    Le monde répare encore les dégâts que la crise a occasionnés aux perspectives de l’emploi et à l’égalité sociale. Les gouvernements s’efforcent de créer non seulement plus d’emplois, mais aussi des emplois de meilleure qualité. Un nouveau cadre de l’OCDE les aide à définir la « qualité de l’emploi » et à évaluer l’efficacité de leurs politiques.

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  • 1-June-2015

    English

    Talent Abroad: A Review of German Emigrants

    More than three million individuals who were born in Germany lived in another OECD country in 2010/11. To assess the potential that this group represents for the German labour market, this review establishes the distribution of German emigrants over OECD countries, as well as their age, sex, and educational attainment. Shifts in the German diaspora towards European destination countries and higher educational attainment are documented. The largest German diaspora still resides in the United States, but the diaspora in Switzerland and Spain has grown particularly quickly. International students from Germany have even come to represent the largest group of international students from any OECD country. While German emigrants experience less favourable labour market outcomes than their peers in Germany, the emigrants work disproportionately often in high-skill occupations. Survey evidence suggests that many Germans in Germany consider emigration and that many German emigrants are open to return. Those who have returned in recent years, however, appear to have a lower educational attainment than those leaving.

     

  • 1-June-2015

    English

    More than 3 million German emigrants in OECD countries

    Germany is both the OECD’s second-largest country of immigration and one of the main origin countries of emigrants: 3.4 million people born in Germany were living in another OECD country in 2011, says a new OECD report “Talent Abroad: A Review of German Emigrants”.

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  • 28-May-2015

    English

    Estimating Expenditure by Disease, Age and Gender

    Expenditure by disease data based on national health accounts can provide valuable information for use in policy analysis. In order to move further in this important area, it is necessary both to refine the definitions and approach that is followed, but also to demonstrate that such accounts can be developed in a cost-effective manner under the framework of the System of Health Accounts.

  • 27-mai-2015

    Français

    Perspectives de l'OCDE sur les compétences 2015 - Les jeunes, les compétences et l'employabilité

    Partout dans le monde, les jeunes peinent à entrer sur le marché du travail. Dans certains pays de l’OCDE, un quart des 16-29 ans sont sans emploi et ne suivent ni études ni formation.

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  • 27-May-2015

    English

    OECD Reviews of Health Care Quality: Portugal 2015 - Raising Standards

    This report reviews the quality of health care in Portugal, seeks to highlight best practices, and provides a series of targeted assessments and recommendations for further improvements to quality of care. The Portuguese National Health Service has responded well to financial pressure, successfully balancing the twin priorities of financial consolidation and continuous quality improvement. Even in the post-crisis years when GDP fell and health spending declined, improvements in quality of care continued. The need to reduce health spending has been met through a combination of structural reforms, and a well-designed suite of quality initiatives. Reforms around the purchasing and use of pharmaceuticals and medical devices have helped drive down costs, and Portugal has been innovative in how public funds are used to pay providers, increasingly basing payments on quality and efficiency. Important priorities for further work in the Portuguese health system do remain. Portugal will need to improve clinical processes and pathways, particularly in the acute sector. There is still room to improve efficiency, for instance increasing the share of generic drug consumption, and using the Portuguese health workforce more effectively, especially through expanded roles for nurses. Further structural reform is needed with an emphasis on shifting care out of hospitals into less-expensive community settings, and Portugal will also need to reflect on the strategic direction of the primary care system which, following an impressive reform, now risks developing into a two-tiered system with increasingly divergent levels of care quality.

     

  • 21-mai-2015

    Français

    Inégalité de revenus et pauvreté

    Eléments d'information sur la distribution des revenus et sur la pauvreté dans les pays de l’OCDE pour le milieu des annés 80, sur la base de données corrigées d’une grande partie des paramètres qui handicapent les comparaisons transnationales et intertemporelles dans ce domaine.

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  • 21-May-2015

    English, PDF, 1,021kb

  • 14-May-2015

    English

    The Economics of Prevention

    There is a rising concern in OECD countries about the expected growth in the burden of chronic diseases. This project is primarily focused on whether efforts should be made to prevent non-communicable diseases rather than treating and managing them.

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