Given the ageing challenges, there is an increasing pressure in OECD countries to promote longer working lives. This report provides an overview of policy initiatives implemented in Denmark over the past decade. Even if these recent reforms are well in line with the recommendations of the 2005 OECD report Ageing and Employment Policies: Denmark, the focus has been put mainly on the supply side. The aim of this new report is to identify what more could be done to promote longer working lives. As a first step, the government should assess closely the implementation process to ensure that the expected outcomes of the reforms are achieved. More broadly, the strategy should act simultaneously in three areas by: i) strengthening incentives to carry on working; ii) tackling employment barriers on the side of employers; and iii) improving the employability of older workers.
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The economic crisis had deep impacts on the Latvian labour market, but the recovery has been equally remarkable. The employment rate dropped from 70% in Q4 2007 to 57% in Q1 2010, but has since been increasing strongly. The fall in unemployment has been particularly marked among youth.
Raising productivity growth is highly dependent on a country’s ability to innovate and adopt technologies, which requires an effective supply of human capital
Antimicrobial therapies have played an essential role in the treatment of infections in humans and animals and have significantly improved population health. All these applications are now endangered by the increasing spread of microbes that are resistant to antimicrobial medications. The OECD will present during the G7 Health Ministers Meeting in Berlin on October 8 some key findings and policy recommendations on how to deal with AMR.
In 2010, the G20 called for the development of a set of internationally comparable indicators of skills for employment and productivity for Low-Income Countries (LIC) as part of its Multi-Year Action Plan on Development. To respond to this call, the OECD has established the World Indicators of Skills for Employment (WISE) database in close collaboration with the World Bank, ETF, ILO and UNESCO
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Colombia has experienced strong and sustained economic growth over the past fifteen years, apart from a short slowdown in 2008 and 2009, and labour market outcomes improved significantly.
All countries are investing in health data. There are however significant cross-country differences in data availability and use. Some countries stand out for their innovative practices enabling privacy-protective data use while others are falling behind with insufficient data and restrictions that limit access to and use of data, even by government itself. Countries that develop a data governance framework that enables privacy-protective data use will not only have the information needed to promote quality, efficiency and performance in their health systems, they will become a more attractive centre for medical research. After examining the current situation in OECD countries, a multi-disciplinary advisory panel of experts identified eight key data governance mechanisms to maximise benefits to patients and to societies from the collection, linkage and analysis of health data and to, at the same time, minimise risks to the privacy of patients and to the security of health data. These mechanisms include coordinated development of high-value, privacy-protective health information systems, legislation that permits privacy-protective data use, open and transparent public communication, accreditation or certification of health data processors, transparent and fair project approval processes, data de-identification and data security practices that meet legal requirements and public expectations without compromising data utility and a process to continually assess and renew the data governance framework as new data and new risks emerge.
Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is becoming a key issue for labour market and social policies in OECD countries. OECD governments increasingly recognise that policy has a major role to play in keeping people with mental ill-health in employment or bringing those outside of the labour market back to it, and in preventing mental illness. This report on Austria is the eighth in a series of reports looking at how the broader education, health, social and labour market policy challenges identified in Sick on the Job? Myths and Realities about Mental Health and Work (OECD, 2012) are being tackled in a number of OECD countries. It concludes that the Austrian system provides good opportunities in principle for improving labour market inclusion of people with mental ill-health but that structural fragmentation of responsibilities limits the means of the federal government to develop coherent health and work policies. Successful structural reform requires including a range of actors responsible for policy implementation to achieve coordination across institutions and better integrated service delivery.
The fact remains that robots have persistently failed to imitate the most human of skills, such empathy, teamwork, relationship building, etc. While technology may be reducing the demand for some routine skills, it is simultaneously increasing the demand for more difficult-to-automate social skills.
L’édition 2015 des Perspectives de l’emploi de l’OCDE propose un examen approfondi de l’évolution récente du marché du travail et de ses perspectives à court terme dans les pays de l'OCDE. Une majorité croissante de pays ont recours à des systèmes de salaire minimum afin d’augmenter les revenus dans la partie inférieure de la distribution des salaires. S’il est fixé à un niveau adéquat, un salaire minimum obligatoire permet effectivement d’accroître les revenus des bas salaires, mais c’est un instrument trop générique pour lutter contre la pauvreté, à moins qu’il ne soit efficacement associé à d’autres mesures telles que des prestations liées à l’exercice d’un emploi ou des crédits d’impôt. De nouveaux résultats tirés de l’Enquête internationale de l’OCDE sur les compétences des adultes montrent que les différences de niveau d’inégalité entre les pays en matière de qualifications, le degré d’utilisation des compétences au travail et les avantages salariaux liés aux compétences expliquent pour une large part les écarts de niveau d’inégalités salariales à l’échelle internationale. Des politiques d’activation peuvent contribuer à créer un marché du travail plus inclusif, pour autant que les mesures prises pour motiver les demandeurs d’emploi, améliorer leur employabilité et élargir leurs perspectives d’emploi soient bien coordonnées. L’évaluation à plus long terme de la qualité des emplois montre dans quelle mesure les mouvements ascendants et descendants sur l’échelle des revenus et les mouvements entre emploi et chômage atténuent à tout moment certains des écarts de revenu. Cependant, les risques de chômage chronique et de salaire faible sont extrêmement concentrés. La qualité des emplois dans les économies émergentes est particulièrement faible, mais des politiques visant à faire passer les actifs d’un emploi informel à un emploi formel peuvent contribuer à l’améliorer.