Latest Documents


  • 28-June-2016

    English

    Skills Matter - Further Results from the Survey of Adult Skills

    In the wake of the technological revolution that began in the last decades of the 20th century, labour market demand for information-processing and other high-level cognitive and interpersonal skills is growing substantially. The Survey of Adult Skills, a product of the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), was designed to provide insights into the availability of some of these key skills in society and how they are used at work and at home. The first survey of its kind, it directly measures proficiency in several information-processing skills – namely literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology-rich environments.


    This volume reports results from the 24 countries and regions that participated in the first round of the survey in 2011-12 (first published in OECD Skills Outlook 2013: First Results from the Survey of Adult Skills) and from the nine additional countries that participated in the second round in 2014-15 (Chile, Greece, Indonesia [Jakarta], Israel, Lithuania, New Zealand, Singapore, Slovenia and Turkey).  It describes adults’ proficiency in the three information-processing skills assessed, and examines how skills proficiency is related to labour market and social outcomes. Another related report, The Survey of Adult Skills: Reader’s Companion, Second Edition, describes the design and methodology of the survey and its relationship to other international assessments of young students and adults.

  • 28-June-2016

    English

    The Survey of Adult Skills - Reader's Companion, Second Edition

    In the wake of the technological revolution that began in the last decades of the 20th century, labour market demand for information-processing and other high-level cognitive and interpersonal skills is growing substantially. The Survey of Adult Skills, a product of the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), was designed to provide insights into the availability of some of these key skills in society and how they are used at work and at home. The first survey of its kind, it directly measures proficiency in several information-processing skills – namely literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology-rich environments.

    The Survey of Adult Skills: Reader’s Companion, Second Edition describes the design and methodology of the survey and its relationship to other international assessments of young students and adults. It is a companion volume to Skills Matter: Further Results from the Survey of Adult Skills. Skills Matter reports results from the 24 countries and regions that participated in the first round of the survey in 2011-12 (first published in OECD Skills Outlook 2013: First Results from the Survey of Adult Skills) and from the nine additional countries that participated in the second round in 2014-15 (Chile, Greece, Indonesia [Jakarta], Israel, Lithuania, New Zealand, Singapore, Slovenia and Turkey).

  • 22-June-2016

    English

    Better Ways to Pay for Health Care

    Payers for health care are pursuing a variety of policies as part of broader efforts to improve the quality and efficiency of care.  Payment reform is but one policy tool to improve health system performance that requires supportive measures in place such as policies with well-developed stakeholder involvement, information on quality, clear criteria for tariff setting, and embedding evaluation as part of the policy process. Countries should not, however, underestimate the significant data challenges when looking at price setting processes. Data access and ways to overcome its fragmentation require well-developed infrastructures. Policy efforts highlight a trend towards aligning payer and provider incentives by using evidence-based clinical guidelines and outcomes to inform price setting. There are signs of increasing policy focus on outcomes to inform price setting. These efforts could bring about system-wide effects of using evidence along with a patient-centred focus to improve health care delivery and performance in the long-run.

  • 10-juin-2016

    Français

    Les clés de l'intégration - Les réfugiés et autres groupes nécessitant une protection

    La série de l’OCDE Les clés de l’intégration résume les principaux enseignements des travaux de l’OCDE sur les politiques d’intégration, et notamment de la série d’études par pays : Les migrants et l’emploi. Elle vise à synthétiser les principaux défis et les bonnes pratiques en matière d’intégration durable des immigrés et de leurs enfants en ciblant quelques domaines clés d’intégration et quelques groupes cibles. Chaque brochure contient dix enseignements et des exemples de bonnes pratiques en la matière complétés par des comparaisons synthétiques des politiques d’intégration des pays membres de l’OCDE. Cette première brochure dresse l’inventaire des expériences des pays de l’OCDE en matière d’intégration des réfugiés et des autres groupes nécessitant une protection, désignés comme migrants humanitaires.

     

  • 7-June-2016

    English

    Recruiting Immigrant Workers: Europe 2016

    The OECD series Recruiting Immigrant Workers comprises country studies of labour migration policies. Each volume analyses whether migration policy is being used effectively and efficiently to help meet labour needs, without adverse effects on labour markets. It focuses mainly on regulated labour migration movements over which policy has immediate and direct oversight. This particular volume looks at the efficiency of European Union instruments for managing labour migration.

  • 27-May-2016

    English

    Are we only apparently mismatched? Reasons and consequences of apparent qualification mismatch

    Workers can be mismatched by qualifications while their skills are, in fact, adequate for their jobs. This situation, ‘apparent’ qualification mismatch is more common in certain fields of study than in others and speaks to the need of strengthening the links between employers, education providers and students to share information on the true skills, to avoid true skills mismatch.

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  • 23-May-2016

    English

    Europe will win from integration

    The unfolding refugee crisis requires a bold, comprehensive and global response. At the same time, OECD countries should adapt their policies to foster the integration of those who are going to stay. While this implies significant up-front costs, it is also essential to reaping sizeable medium- to long-term social and economic benefits.

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  • 20-mai-2016

    Français

    Inégalités en santé

    Malgré les progrès remarquables de l’état de santé et de l’espérance de vie dans les pays de l’OCDE au cours des dernières décennies, de nombreuses inégalités subsistent non seulement entre les pays, mais aussi entre les groupes de population au sein de chaque pays. Ces inégalités en santé sont liées à de multiples facteurs, dont les différences dans l’exposition aux facteurs de risque sanitaires et dans l’accès aux soins de santé.

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  • 19-May-2016

    English

    Automation and Task-based change in OECD countries

    A range of OECD analysis has been exploring the relationship between digitalisation, jobs and skills, the magnitude of potential job substitution due to technological change, the relationship between globalisation and wage polarisation, as well as the changes to the organisation of work. This post focused on a recent paper on Automation.

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  • 18-mai-2016

    Français

    Statistiques sur la santé

    L’OCDE poursuit des travaux sur les données et les indicateurs de santé en vue d’améliorer les comparaisons à l’échelle internationale et les analyses économiques des systèmes de santé.

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