Latest Documents


  • 14-mai-2018

    Français

    Forum de haut niveau et Réunion ministérielle sur les politiques sociales 2018

    e 15 mai 2018, les ministres responsables de la politique sociale de plus de 35 pays membres et partenaires de l'OCDE se rencontreront à Montréal pour échanger sur les défis, les opportunités et les meilleures pratiques de leur pays en matière de protection sociale lors d'une réunion intitulée Des politiques sociales pour une prospérité partagée : S’ouvrir à l’avenir.

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  • 31-January-2018

    English

    Getting Skills Right: Spain

    This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances in Spain. It provides an assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment between skills acquisition and labour market needs; education and training policies targeting skills development and investment for individuals and employers; activation policies to develop skills through on-the-job learning; and policies facilitating the entry of migrants with skills that are in demand. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat.

  • 14-janvier-2018

    Français

    Atteindre l'égalité femmes-hommes - Un combat difficile

    Les inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes persistent dans tous les domaines de la vie sociale et économique et dans tous les pays. Les jeunes femmes des pays de l’OCDE généralement de plus longues études que les jeunes hommes, mais elles sont moins susceptibles que ces derniers d’exercer une activité rémunérée. Les écarts se creusent avec l’âge car, en règle générale, notamment parce que la maternité a des effets négatifs sur la rémunération et la progression professionnelles des femmes. Celles-ci ont aussi moins tendance à créer leur entreprise, et elles sont sous-représentées au niveau des fonctions dirigeantes dans le secteur privé et dans les institutions publiques.

    Les Recommandations de 2013 et 2015 de l’OCDE sur l’égalité hommes-femmes fournissent des indications sur les moyens de faire progresser l’égalité entre les sexes en matière d’éducation, d’emploi et d’entrepreneuriat et dans la vie publique ; cet ouvrage examine l’évolution récente dans ces domaines en commençant par en donner une vue d’ensemble, puis en présentant 24 courts chapitres qui exposent chacun les principales conclusions dégagées, ainsi que des recommandations pour l’action. Parmi les thèmes traités figurent la violence contre les femmes, la budgétisation sexo-spécifique, le partage inégal du travail non rémunéré, la situation des femmes sur le marché du travail et au sein des migrations internationales. Les disparités existant entre les sexes sont illustrées par une série d’indicateurs. Sont en outre décrites des initiatives récemment prises par les pouvoirs publics, par exemple pour accroître la transparence des salaires dans le but de réduire les écarts de rémunération entre les femmes et les hommes, ou pour encourager les pères à prendre un congé parental. Dans l’ensemble, les progrès sont lents ; il est donc impératif que les pouvoirs publics intensifient leur action pour mettre fin aux inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes dans les domaines de l’éducation, de l’emploi et de l’entrepreneuriat et dans la vie publique.

    La version complète de cette publication sera disponible début 2018.

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  • 21-December-2017

    English

    Getting Skills Right: Italy

    This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances in Italy. It provides an assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment of skills acquisitions with labour market needs; the design of education and training systems and their responsiveness to changing skill needs; the re-training of unemployed individuals; and the improvement of skills use and skills matching in the labour market. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD Secretariat.

  • 6-December-2017

    English

    Getting Skills Right: Good Practice in Adapting to Changing Skill Needs - A Perspective on France, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the United Kingdom

    This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances, based on five country-specific policy notes for France, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the United Kingdom. It provides a comparative assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment of skills acquisitions with labour market needs; the design of education and training systems and their responsiveness to changing skill needs; the re-training of unemployed individuals; and the improvement of skills use and skills matching in the labour market. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat in the five countries reviewed. Examples of good practice from other countries are also discussed.

  • 30-November-2017

    English

    OECD Reviews of Health Systems: Peru 2017

    This is the OECD’s first Health System Review of Peru. It seeks to support Peru’s policy goal to attain universal health coverage by 2021, and build a high-performing health system with continuously improving accessibility, quality, efficiency and sustainability. Peru’s health care system is confronting a complex set of challenges. The population faces persistent rates of infectious diseases, alongside an increasingly heavy burden of non-communicable disease. Governance must simultaneously grapple with how to assure basic access – universal health coverage has still not been achieved, for instance – while prioritising efficiency and value for money, and improving care quality. This Health System Review of Peru makes a number of recommendations to strengthen performance of the health system, with a particular focus on the government-subidised health system – the Sistema Integral de Salud. Using examples of best practice drawn from OECD and Latin American health systems, the Review addresses how Peru can promote access to high quality care and achieve universal health coverage; take a more strategic approach to funding, budgeting, and purchasing; and become a data-driven health system that puts people at the centre.

  • 30-November-2017

    English

    Monitoring Health System Performance in Peru - Data and Statistics

    Peru has seen great progress towards the goal of providing universal health coverage to its population but still faces structural barriers to provide accessible and quality care . At the same time, Peru is going through a demographic and epidemiological transition, with an increasing disease burden from non-communicable diseases, with significant increases in cancer, CVD and diabetes, especially in urban areas. Measuring how the Peruvian health system is responding to these challenges requires a solid set of health sector statistics and indicators, underpinned by a robust health information system. The breadth and depth of data must be relevant and applicable to decision making at all levels of the health system, both to respond to national policy needs as well as comparing Peru in a regional and global context. This report assesses the status and availability of Peru’s routinely reported health sector data and statistics as well as the underlying data infrastructure. The report provides a set of recommendations to improve the health information system and to strengthen data coverage and comparability as Peru’s health care system develops.

  • 29-November-2017

    English

    Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Hungary

    This report presents evidence-based analysis of current strategies and practices in higher education institutions (HEIs) in Hungary towards a value-creating use of knowledge resources for innovation and entrepreneurship. The analysis and recommendations are highly relevant for policy makers and HEI leaders in other countries. Increased attention to innovation and entrepreneurship both from public policy actors and HEI leadership has triggered an incremental change process in the organisational culture of HEIs and a new approach to education and research for students and staff. HEInnovate is a joint initiative of the European Commission and the OECD to promote the innovative and entrepreneurial higher education institution across Europe and beyond (www.heinnovate.eu).

  • 23-November-2017

    English

    Luxembourg: Country Health Profile 2017

    This report looks at the state of health in Luxembourg.
  • 23-November-2017

    English

    Lithuania: Country Health Profile 2017

    This report looks at the state of health in Lithuania.
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