Latest Documents


  • 12-juin-2018

    Français

    Petite enfance, grands défis V - Cap sur l'école primaire

    Le passage de l’éducation de la petite enfance à l’enseignement primaire est une étape majeure pour tous les enfants, et une étape par laquelle de plus en plus d’enfants doivent passer. Pour en assurer la qualité, ce processus doit être bien préparé, axé sur l’enfant, géré par du personnel formé travaillant de façon collaborative, et se fonder sur un programme adapté et harmonisé. Avec des transitions de qualité, les effets positifs de la préscolarisation sont davantage susceptibles de se prolonger tout au long de l’enseignement primaire, et au-delà. Si les politiques de transition font partie des préoccupations de nombreux pays depuis une dizaine d’années, peu de travaux ont été menés sur la façon dont les pays de l’OCDE conçoivent, mettent en oeuvre, gèrent et suivent le passage des structures d’éducation des jeunes enfants à l’école primaire. Il importe de combler ces lacunes pour élaborer des stratégies de la petite enfance qui soient cohérentes, équitables et durables.Le présent rapport fait le point de la situation dans 30 pays membres et pays partenaires de l’OCDE et établit des comparaisons en s’appuyant des rapports nationaux approfondis et sur un questionnaire relatifs aux politiques et aux pratiques de transition. Il s’intéresse essentiellement à l’organisation et à la gestion des transitions, ainsi qu’aux politiques et aux stratégies qui visent à assurer la continuité professionnelle, pédagogique et développementale entre les structures d’éducation et d’accueil des jeunes enfants et les établissements scolaires. Le rapport expose les principaux enjeux de l’action publique qui sont mis en avant par les pays participants, ainsi qu’un grand nombre de stratégies pratiques pour y faire face. Dans sa conclusion, il énonce six orientations à caractère transversal censées orienter l’élaboration future des politiques publiques.
  • 12-juin-2018

    Français

    Petite enfance, grands défis 2017 - Les indicateurs clés de l'OCDE sur l'éducation et l'accueil des jeunes enfants

    L’éducation et l’accueil des jeunes enfants (EAJE) peuvent contribuer à jeter les bases de ce que seront le développement des compétences, le bien-être et l’apprentissage futurs. Disposer en temps voulu d’informations fiables et comparables au plan international est essentiel pour aider les pays à améliorer leurs services et leurs systèmes d’EAJE. Depuis plus de 15 ans, l’OCDE mène des analyses politiques et compile de nouvelles données sur l’EAJE. Pour la première fois, le présent rapport rassemble en un seul volume l’ensemble des indicateurs clés sur l’EAJE. Il donne un aperçu complet des systèmes d’EAJE et de l’offre de services dans ce secteur et fournit également des données tendancielles et des informations sur les réformes récentes. Le rapport examine en profondeur certaines questions comme l’accès aux services et leur gestion, l’égalité des chances, le financement, les programmes, le corps enseignant et l’implication des parents. Il recense aussi les grands défis à relever pour améliorer le secteur de l’EAJE.Avec environ 45 graphiques et des données pour les 35 pays de l’OCDE et plusieurs pays partenaires, la publication comprend également un grand nombre d’éléments nouveaux. Elle propose des données nouvelles sur l’offre de services d’EAJE et sur l’intensité de la participation des enfants de moins de trois ans (sur la base d’une typologie améliorée des structures). Elle présente aussi de nouveaux indicateurs sur le profil du personnel d’EAJE (par exemple le niveau de qualification, le salaire des enseignants et l’organisation du temps de travail) et sur l’égalité d’accès à l’EAJE. Les nouvelles analyses du PISA 2015 permettent de mettre en lumière le lien qui existe entre le nombre d’années d’EAJE et les résultats scolaires à l’âge de 15 ans, ainsi que les effets de la participation à l’EAJE sur la santé et le bien-être, et sur l’employabilité des mères.
  • 29-May-2018

    English

    World Class - How to Build a 21st-Century School System

    In a world where the kind of things that are easy to teach and test have also become easy to digitise and automate, it will be our imagination, our awareness and our sense of responsibility that will enable us to harness the opportunities of the 21st century to shape the world for the better. Tomorrow’s schools will need to help students think for themselves and join others, with empathy, in work and citizenship. They will need to help students develop a strong sense of right and wrong, and sensitivity to the claims that others make.What will it take for schools to be able to do this? Andreas Schleicher, initiator of the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and an international authority on education policy, has accompanied education leaders in over 70 countries in their efforts to design and implement forward-looking policies and practices. While improvement in education is far easier to proclaim than achieve, in this book Schleicher examines the many successes from which we can learn. This does not mean copying and pasting solutions from other schools or countries, but rather looking seriously and dispassionately at good practice in our own countries and elsewhere to understand what works in which contexts. Trained in physics, Schleicher offers a unique perspective on education reform: he convincingly argues that it should not necessarily be less of an art, but more of a science.'No one knows more about education around the world than Andreas Schleicher. Full stop. For the first time, he's collected 20 years worth of wisdom in one place. World Class should be required reading for policy makers, education leaders and anyone who wants to know how our schools can adapt for the modern world – and help all kids learn to think for themselves.'Amanda Ripley, author of The Smartest Kids in the World, a New York Times bestseller'[Schleicher]…grasps all the key issues, and does so through keeping his ear to the ground and by working out solutions jointly with a variety of leaders at all levels of the system, and in diverse societies'Michael Fullan, Global Leadership Director, New Pedagogies for Deep Learning'Every visionary leader who is serious about improving student learning should add the data-driven World Class: How to Build a 21st-Century School System to the top of his or her reading list.'Jeb Bush, 43rd Governor of Florida, and Founder and Chairman of the Foundation for Excellence in Education'…a must-read for those who wish to create a future in which economic opportunity can be shared by all.'Klaus Schwab, Founder and Executive Chairman of the World Economic Forum'In this timely and forward-looking book, one of the most knowledgeable educators in the world draws on impressive data, keen observations, and considerable wisdom to indicate the paths to effective education for all young people.'Howard Gardner, Senior Director of Harvard Project Zero, Harvard Graduate School of Education
  • 19-April-2018

    English

    Education for a Bright Future in Greece

    After a decade of severe fiscal crisis also impacting education, Greece is looking ahead. Now is the time to invest effectively in education and define a forward-looking path for Greece. Building on the current reform agenda, this report offers an analysis of the context and underlying policy issues that once addressed, can contribute to raising the quality and equity of education in Greece.Drawing on evidence and international experience, the review highlights policy options that can guide and enhance current reform efforts in Greece in four areas: effective governance; policies for school improvement; efficiency, equity and quality of the education system; tertiary education. How can the governance and financing of Greek education be streamlined and improved? How can Greece achieve greater equity in educational provision and student outcomes? How can the Greek - qualified and well engaged - teaching force help promote school improvement? Last but not least, how can higher education help Greece restore prosperity?This report takes a hard look at the above issues, and many others. It will offer precious insights to policy makers and the education community.
  • 9-April-2018

    English

    Teachers as Designers of Learning Environments - The Importance of Innovative Pedagogies

    Pedagogy is at the heart of teaching and learning. Preparing young people to become lifelong learners with a deep knowledge of subject matter and a broad set of social skills requires a better understanding of how pedagogy influences learning. Focusing on pedagogies shifts the perception of teachers from technicians who strive to attain the education goals set by the curriculum to experts in the art and science of teaching. Seen through this lens, innovation in teaching becomes a problem-solving process rooted in teachers’ professionalism, rather than an add-on applied by only some teachers in some schools.Teachers as Designers of Learning Environments: The Importance of Innovative Pedagogies provides a snapshot of innovative pedagogies used in classrooms around the world. It sets the stage for educators and policy makers to innovate teaching by looking at what is currently taking place in schools as potential seeds for change. At the heart of all of these approaches is a sensitivity to the natural inclinations of learners towards play, creativity, collaboration and inquiry. To illustrate how teachers use these innovative practices, the publication presents examples from 27 national and international networks of schools.It is now generally acknowledged that the quality of an education system cannot exceed the quality of its teachers. This volume goes a step further to argue that a teacher cannot help students meet new educational challenges by continuing to draw on a limited and perhaps even inherited set of pedagogies. And here lies the genuine importance of innovative pedagogies.
  • 6-April-2018

    English, PDF, 4,881kb

    Teaching in focus briefs in Spanish - No 19 - ¿De qué manera los profesores adquieren conocimientos y seguridad en la gestión del aula? Percepciones de un estudio piloto

    The Teaching in Focus briefs shed new light on issues surrounding the teaching and learning environment in schools and teachers’ working conditions. They present data from the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS), which is the first and only international survey on the conditions of teaching and learning.

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  • 6-April-2018

    English, PDF, 1,462kb

    Teaching in focus briefs in Spanish - No 16 - ¿Cómo puede el desarrollo profesional mejorar las prácticas docentes en el aula?

    The Teaching in Focus briefs shed new light on issues surrounding the teaching and learning environment in schools and teachers’ working conditions. They present data from the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS), which is the first and only international survey on the conditions of teaching and learning.

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  • 27-March-2018

    English

    Engaging Young Children - Lessons from Research about Quality in Early Childhood Education and Care

    The first years of life lay the foundations for a child’s future development and learning. Many countries have increased their financial support for provision of early childhood education and care (ECEC) over the past years. More recently, the focus of debate has been shifting from expanding access to affordable ECEC to enhancing its quality.  A growing body of research suggests that the magnitude of the benefits for children will depend on the level of quality of early childhood services, with especially strong evidence in the case of disadvantaged children.In light of budgetary constraints, policy makers require the latest knowledge base of the quality dimensions that are most important for ensuring children's development and early learning. However, current research is often narrow in focus or limited to programme-level or national-level conclusions. This book expands the knowledge base on this topic. It draws lessons from a cross-national literature review and meta-analysis of the relationship between early childhood education and care structure (e.g. child-staff ratios, staff training and qualifications), process quality (i.e. the quality of staff-child interactions and developmental activities), and links to child development and learning.This report concludes with key insights, as well as avenues for further research. It was co-funded by the European Union.
  • 23-March-2018

    English, PDF, 1,444kb

    Starting Strong V: Transition from Early Childhood Education and Care to Primary Education – Background report – Japan

    The transition from early childhood education to primary school is a big step for all children, and a step which more and more children are having to take. Quality transitions should be well-prepared and child-centred, managed by trained staff collaborating with one another, and guided by an appropriate and aligned curriculum.

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  • 20-March-2018

    English

    Teaching for the Future - Effective Classroom Practices To Transform Education

    Teachers are the most important school-related factor influencing student learning. Teachers can help level the playing field and provide opportunities for success to all their students. They can inspire students to innovate; to think and reflect and to work in collaboration with others. Good teachers can also stimulate and guide students' development so that their achievements go beyond their own expectations. Therefore, how teachers achieve this in the classroom is important to understand. Teaching for the Future: Effective Classroom Practices To Transform Education links research and data on key issues facing teachers today with teachers’ own experiences to overcome challenges and create an effective classroom. This report builds on the discussions and stories shared at the Qudwa Global Teachers’ Forum, organised by the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi on 7-8 October 2017. It captures the efforts made by teachers, from across the world, to facilitate student learning and transform education to build a fairer, humane and inclusive world. The report provides an in-depth analysis of issues that teachers encounter in their day-to-day professional life, particularly those around equity and reducing personal and social disadvantage, building academic, social and emotional well-being of students through parental engagement and integrating information and communication technology in classrooms.
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