The OECD has initiated PISA for Development (PISA-D) in response to the rising need of developing countries to collect data about their education systems and the capacity of their student bodies. This report aims to compare and contrast approaches regarding the instruments that are used to collect data on (a) component skills and cognitive instruments, (b) contextual frameworks, and (c) the implementation of the different international assessments, as well as approaches to include children who are not at school, and the ways in which data are used. It then seeks to identify assessment practices in these three areas that will be useful for developing countries. This report reviews the major international and regional large-scale educational assessments: large-scale international surveys, school-based surveys and household-based surveys. For each of the issues discussed, there is a description of the prevailing international situation, followed by a consideration of the issue for developing countries and then a description of the relevance of the issue to PISA for Development.
Across OECD countries, 5% of students expect to work as teachers: 3% of boys and 6% of girls. The academic profile of students who expect to work as teachers varies, but in many OECD countries, students who expect to work as teachers have poorer mathematics and reading skills than other ambitious students who expect to work as professionals but not as teachers.
Who wants to be a teacher? As this month’s PISA in Focus shows, in many countries the teaching profession is having a hard time making itself an attractive career choice – particularly among boys and among the highest-performing students.
Education is the key to economic, social and environmental progress, and governments around the world are looking to improve their education systems. The future of education in the 21st century is not simply about reaching more people, but about improving the quality and diversity of educational opportunities. How to best organise and support teaching and learning requires imagination, creativity and innovation.
Open educational resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials that make use of tools such as open licensing to permit their free reuse, continuous improvement and repurposing by others for educational purposes. The OER community has grown considerably over the past 10 years and the impact of OER on educational systems has become a pervasive element of educational policy
This report aims to highlight state of the art developments and practices in OER, but also to demonstrate how OER can be a tool for innovation in teaching and learning.
Since 2000, the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) has been measuring the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students in over 70 countries.
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This commentary is one of a series of country reports on postsecondary vocational education and training (VET) in OECD countries, prepared as part of an OECD study. The series includes reviews, involving an in-depth analysis of a country system leading to a set of policy recommendations backed by analysis.
This report provides a systematic review and empirical evidence related to the experiences of middle-income countries and economies participating in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000 to 2015. PISA is a triennial survey that aims to evaluate education systems worldwide by testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students. To date, students representing more than 70 countries and economies have participated in the assessment, including 44 middle-income countries, many of which are developing countries receiving foreign aid. This report provides answers to six important questions about these middle-income countries and their experiences of participating in PISA: What is the extent of developing country participation in PISA and other international learning assessments? Why do these countries join PISA? What are the financial, technical, and cultural challenges for their participation in PISA? What impact has participation had on their national assessment capacity? How have PISA results influenced their national policy discussions? And what does PISA data tell us about education in these countries and the policies and practices that influence student performance?
The findings of this report are being used by the OECD to support its efforts to make PISA more relevant to a wider range of countries, and by the World Bank as part of its on-going dialogue with its client countries regarding participation in international large-scale assessments.
Education systems are not static; they change. There have been some important changes at both ends of the education ladder recently: in early childhood or “pre-primary” education, at one end, and in tertiary or higher education at the other.
Regards sur l’éducation : Les indicateurs de l’OCDE fait figure de publication de référence sur l’état de l’éducation dans le monde. Elle fournit des données sur les résultats des établissements d’enseignement, l’impact de l’apprentissage dans les différents pays, les ressources financières et humaines investies dans l’éducation, l’accès, la participation et la progression au sein des systèmes d’éducation, et l’environnement d’apprentissage et l’organisation scolaire.
Cette édition 2015 présente des analyses plus détaillées sur la participation à l’éducation de la petite enfance et à l’enseignement tertiaire, mais aussi sur la mobilité éducative et sociale des adultes diplômés de l’enseignement tertiaire de la première génération, les débouchés des nouveaux diplômés sur le marché du travail, et la participation aux activités formelles et/ou non formelles de formation financées par les employeurs. En outre, cette nouvelle édition examine la volonté d’utiliser les technologies de l’information et de la communication pour la résolution de problèmes dans l’enseignement et l’apprentissage, et propose un ensemble d’indicateurs sur l’incidence des compétences sur l’emploi et la rémunération, les différences entre les sexes en matière d’éducation et d’emploi, et les systèmes d’évaluation des enseignants et des chefs d’établissement. Ce rapport couvre l’ensemble des 34 pays membres de l’OCDE, ainsi qu’un certain nombre de pays partenaires (l’Afrique du Sud, l’Arabie saoudite, l’Argentine, le Brésil, la Chine, la Colombie, la Fédération de Russie, l’Inde, l’Indonésie, la Lettonie, et pour la première fois, le Costa Rica et la Lituanie).
Les fichiers ExcelTM qui ont servi à établir les tableaux et graphiques de Regards sur l’éducation sont disponibles via les liens StatLinks fournis tout au long de la publication.
OECD 2015 Education at a Glance, used as a reference by many people all over the world, will continue to set the standard for measuring and monitoring global progress in education. The report is about giving policymakers the tools to design, develop and deliver better education policies for better lives.