By Date

  • 23-October-2018


    Equity in Education - Breaking Down Barriers to Social Mobility

    In times of growing economic inequality, improving equity in education becomes more urgent. While some countries and economies that participate in the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) have managed to build education systems where socio-economic status makes less of a difference to students’ learning and well-being, every country can do more.Equity in Education: Breaking Down Barriers to Social Mobility shows that high performance and more positive attitudes towards schooling among disadvantaged 15-year-old students are strong predictors of success in higher education and work later on. The report examines how equity in education has evolved over several cycles of the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). It identifies the policies and practices that can help disadvantaged students succeed academically and feel more engaged at school.Using longitudinal data from five countries (Australia, Canada, Denmark, Switzerland, and the United States), the report also describes the links between a student’s performance near the end of compulsory education and upward social mobility – i.e. attaining a higher level of education or working in a higher-status job than one’s parents.
  • 22-October-2018


    Responsive School Systems - Connecting Facilities, Sectors and Programmes for Student Success

    This report on Responsive School Systems constitutes the second of three thematic comparative reports bringing together findings from the OECD’s School Resources Review. Evolving educational objectives, changing student needs and demographic developments require school systems to be highly responsive to new patterns of demand and adapt their provision accordingly. The organisation of school facilities, sectors and programmes plays a key role in doing so and in providing students with a high-quality education where they need it. The report aims to assist governments in organising school infrastructures and services to achieve their education policy objectives and to ensure that resources are used effectively and equitably. It offers a systematic analysis of the governance of school networks, their adaption to demographic changes and student needs in urban, rural and remote areas, as well as the vertical and horizontal co-ordination of education services to improve students’ transitions.
  • 18-octobre-2018


    Examen multidimensionnel du Sénégal - Volume 3. De l'analyse à l'action

    Le Sénégal cherche à atteindre le rang des pays émergents en 2035. L'examen multidimensionnel du Sénégal participe à la stratégie de développement du pays pour réaliser cet objectif. L’examen a débuté par une évaluation initiale (Volume 1) qui a identifié trois contraintes au développement relatives aux dysfonctionnements du système éducatif, du système fiscal et de l'administration publique. En second lieu, l’examen a consisté en une analyse approfondie du contrat social et de ces contraintes, accompagnée d’une série de recommandations de politiques publiques (Volume 2). Le dernier rapport (Volume 3) synthétise les travaux des deux précédents et transforme les 33 propositions de recommandations de politiques publiques en un plan d'action élaboré et validé par le gouvernement sénégalais. Il présente également un tableau de bord de suivi des réformes ainsi qu’une série d'indicateurs et d'objectifs à atteindre d'ici 2035.
  • 15-October-2018


    Seven Questions about Apprenticeships - Answers from International Experience

    After a period of relative neglect in many countries, apprenticeships and other forms of work-based learning are experiencing a revival. Their effectiveness in easing school-to-work transitions and serving the economy is increasingly recognised. However, engaging individuals, employers, social partners and education and training systems in such learning remains a significant challenge. In light of this, Seven Questions about Apprenticeships draws out policy messages on how to design and implement high-quality apprenticeships, using material from the OECD project 'Work-based learning in vocational education and training'.It presents answers to seven questions commonly asked by governments and practitioners seeking to either introduce or reform apprenticeship systems for young people and/or older workers. Can apprenticeships provide a useful contribution in every country? Should employers receive financial incentives for providing apprenticeships? What is the right wage for apprentices, and how long should an apprenticeship last? How can we ensure a good learning experience at work? How can apprenticeships be made to work for youth at risk? And how to attract potential apprentices?The study establishes principles of effective practice by building on new analytical work and examples of effective practice from around the world.
  • 30-September-2018


    Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in The Netherlands

    The higher education sector in The Netherlands offers excellent examples of what it means to be innovative and entrepreneurial, and promote entrepreneurial mind sets, entrepreneurship and knowledge exchange. Creating value from academic knowledge through innovative services, products, processes and business models that meet economic, social and environmental needs lies at the core of this strategy. The current challenge is to strenghten the anchoring of value-creation processes in education and research. This can be achieved through increased interdisciplinarity, entrepreneurial mindset development across all subject areas, incentives for effective wider world engagement of researchers and students, and growth-oriented support for startups. This report presents an in-depth analysis of the policy framework and institutional practices and provides useful guidance for policy makers and university leaders across the world. HEInnovate is a joint initiative of the European Commission and the OECD to promote the innovative and entrepreneurial higher education institution.
  • 25-September-2018


    PISA for Development Assessment and Analytical Framework - Reading, Mathematics and Science

    'What is important for citizens to know and be able to do?' The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) seeks to answer that question through the most comprehensive and rigorous international assessment of student knowledge and skills. As more countries join its ranks, PISA is evolving to successfully cater for a larger and more diverse group of participants. The OECD launched the PISA for Development initiative in 2014 to support evidence-based policy making globally and offer universal tools in monitoring progress towards the Education Sustainable Development Goal. Spanning six years, this unique pilot project aims to make the assessment more accessible and relevant to a wider range of countries, while maintaining the overall PISA framework and accordance with PISA’s technical standards and usual practices.The PISA for Development Assessment and Analytical Framework presents the conceptual foundations of the project, and covers reading, mathematics and science. PISA for Development has a school-based component and an out-of-school one. For the school-based component, a questionnaire about students’ background is distributed to all participating students. School principals complete a school questionnaire that describes the school, its students and teachers, and the learning environment. Teachers also complete a questionnaire about themselves, the school’s resources, their teaching practice and their students. The out-of-school respondents complete a background questionnaire, and their parent (or person most knowledgeable about them) answers a questionnaire about the youth’s background and childhood experiences. A household observation questionnaire is completed by the interviewer, and information about the location of the household is collected by PISA for Development National Centres.Nine countries participated in the PISA for Development assessment: Bhutan, Cambodia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Paraguay, Senegal and Zambia.
  • 11-septembre-2018


    Regards sur l'éducation 2018 - Les indicateurs de l'OCDE

    Publication de référence sur l’état de l’éducation dans le monde, Regards sur l’éducation : Les indicateurs de l'OCDE fournit des données clés sur la structure, le financement et la performance des systèmes d’éducation des 35 pays de l'OCDE, ainsi que d’un certain nombre de pays partenaires. Avec plus de 100 tableaux et graphiques, et un corpus encore plus riche de données consultables sur notre base de données consacrée à l’éducation, Regards sur l’éducation 2018 présente des données clés sur : les résultats des établissements d'enseignement ; l'impact de l'apprentissage dans les différents pays ; l’accès, la participation et la progression au sein des systèmes d’éducation ; les ressources financières investies dans l'éducation ; et les enseignants, l'environnement d'apprentissage et l'organisation scolaire.Cette édition 2018 inclut un certain nombre de nouveautés, dont un éclairage spécifique sur l’équité, qui analyse dans quelle mesure la progression dans le système d’éducation, les résultats de l'apprentissage qui en découlent ainsi que les débouchés sur le marché du travail subissent l'influence de facteurs tels que le genre, le niveau de formation des parents, le statut au regard de l’immigration ou l'implantation régionale. Cette publication présente un chapitre entièrement consacré à la cible 4.5 du quatrième Objectif de développement durable relatif à l'équité dans l'éducation, qui fait le point sur les efforts des pays membres et partenaires de l'OCDE en vue d’assurer l'égalité d'accès à une éducation de qualité à tous les niveaux. Enfin, sont présentés de nouveaux indicateurs sur l'équité des taux d'accès et d'obtention d'un diplôme de l'enseignement tertiaire et sur la répartition de la prise de décision au sein des systèmes d’éducation. Des données supplémentaires sont également sur les salaires effectifs et statutaires des chefs d'établissements, les taux de redoublement en filière générale du premier et du deuxième cycle de l'enseignement secondaire, ainsi que des données tendancielles sur les dépenses au titre de l'accueil et de l'éducation de la petite enfance, ainsi que des données sur les taux d'inscription des enfants dans les structures d'accueil et d'éducation de la petite enfance officiellement reconnues.Plus de données sont disponibles sur la base de données de l'OCDE dédiée à l'éducation.
  • 11-septembre-2018


    De nouveaux efforts s’imposent pour davantage d’équité dans l’enseignement

    L’origine sociale reste le facteur qui exerce la plus forte influence sur la scolarisation et l’apprentissage, ainsi que sur les retombées économiques et sociales de l’éducation, d’après un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.

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  • 11-September-2018


    OECD Handbook for Internationally Comparative Education Statistics 2018 - Concepts, Standards, Definitions and Classifications

    For well over two decades, the OECD has developed and published a broad range of comparative indicators published yearly in the flagship publication Education at a Glance. These provide insights into the functioning of education systems, such as the participation and progress through education, the human and financial resources invested, and the economic and social outcomes associated with educational attainment. Through the set of harmonised indicators and definitions, they enable countries to view their education system in the light of other countries’ performance, practices and resources.Fundamental to the credibility and understanding of these comparisons are the concepts, definitions, classifications and methodologies that have been developed over the years to underpin the statistics and indicators. This Handbook draws these methodologies together in a single reference volume, complementing and providing an invaluable aid to users of  Education at a Glance. In doing so, the Handbook aims to facilitate a greater understanding of the education statistics and indicators produced and so allow for their more effective use in policy analysis. Equally, it provides a ready reference of international standards and conventions for others to follow in the collection and assimilation of educational data.This edition updates the OECD Handbook for Internationally Comparative Education Statistics, last published in 2017.
  • 11-September-2018


    Lancement de Regards sur l’éducation 2018

    Le plus récent de nos instruments, le Cadre d’action de l’OCDE pour les politiques de croissance inclusive, fournit des indications propres à guider les choix des pouvoirs publics dans des domaines clés, qu’il s’agisse par exemple d’investir dans les personnes et les territoires laissés de côté, d’assurer l’égalité des chances ou de renforcer l’inclusivité des marchés du travail.

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