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  • 5-July-2019

    English

    The Space Economy in Figures - How Space Contributes to the Global Economy

    The space economy is expanding and becoming increasingly global, driven by the development of ever-more governmental space programmes around the world, the multiplication of commercial actors in value chains, durable digitalisation trends, and new space systems coming of age. This report describes these emerging trends using new and internationally comparable data and indicators. It highlights the growing importance of space activities for the economy, for developing country strategies (based on original official development assistance statistics), for the pursuit of knowledge and scientific discoveries, and for society in general. To get the most out of space investments and promote sustained socio-economic growth, this report provides some recommendations to countries in building up their statistical evidence on space actors and activities.
  • 21-June-2019

    English

    Vocational Education and Training in Bulgaria - Governance and Funding

    Over recent years, Bulgaria has shown great willingness to reform its vocational education and training (VET). Significant challenges remain, however, relating notably to the system’s responsiveness to labour market needs and its capacity to ensure equitable outcomes for learners. This report is a focused review of two predefined issues, the governance and funding of VET. These are two fundamental elements within the delivery of skilled VET graduates. The report assesses the strengths of the Bulgarian VET system and the challenges it faces when it comes to governance and funding and suggests policy responses for how these challenges can be addressed. Four specific challenges are identified linked to the governance of the VET system: decision-making powers and capacity; the use of data and evidence to inform policy decisions; social partner engagement; and, oversight of adult VET learning provision. With regard to VET funding, both school level financial autonomy, and the capacity to act upon increased flexibilities, are currently modest. The report argues that potential exists to strengthen collaboration between schools and employers to achieve increased cost-sharing between government and private firms. Finally, more can be done to improve equity in VET delivery through Bulgaria’s funding formula.
  • 19-juin-2019

    Français

    Résultats de TALIS 2018 (Volume I) - Des enseignants et chefs d’établissement en formation à vie

    Les enseignants consacrent-ils davantage de temps à l’enseignement et à l’apprentissage dans un cours type par rapport aux années précédentes? Se sentent-ils préparés à enseigner lorsqu’ils débutent dans le métier? À quel type de programmes de développement professionel continu participent-ils et quel en est l’impact sur leur pratique? Ce rapport examine tout d’abord comment les enseignants appliquent leurs connaissances et leurs compétences dans la classe sous forme de pratiques pédagogiques, et s’accompagne d’une analyse de la composition démographique de ces classes et du climat de l’établissement en vue de fournir un contexte sur les environnements d’apprentissage. Le volume étudie ensuite la manière dont les enseignants acquièrent leurs connaissances et leurs compétences au cours de leurs études et formation, ainsi que les moyens qu’ils prennent pour les développer par le biais du développement professionnel continu au cours de leur carrière. Ce rapport, qui s’appuie sur les voix des enseignants et des chefs d’établissement, offre une série d’orientations stratégiques visant à renforcer les connaissances et les compétences du corps enseignant à l’appui de sa professionnalisation. L’Enquête internationale sur l’enseignement et l’apprentissage de l’OCDE (TALIS) est la seule enquête de cette envergure qui interroge les enseignants et les chefs d’établissement sur leurs conditions de travail et leurs environnements d’apprentissage, et agit comme un baromètre de la profession tous les cinq ans. Les résultats du cycle 2018 explorent et examinent les diverses dimensions du professionnalisme de l’enseignant et du chef d’établissement dans les systèmes éducatifs.
  • 14-June-2019

    English

    Good Practice for Good Jobs in Early Childhood Education and Care

    Recruiting and retaining skilled staff is a long-standing challenge for the early childhood education and care (ECEC) sector. OECD countries are increasingly demanding that ECEC staff be highly skilled and highly qualified, but a combination of low wages, a lack of status and public recognition, poor working conditions, and limited opportunities for professional development mean that recruitment and retention are frequently difficult. What can countries do to build a highly qualified and well-trained ECEC workforce? What is the best route to increasing staff skills without exacerbating staff shortages? How can countries boost pay and working conditions in the context of limited resources? Building on past OECD work on early childhood education and care, and drawing on the experience of OECD countries, this report outlines good practice policy measures for improving jobs in ECEC and for constructing a high-quality workforce.
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  • 11-June-2019

    English

    Benchmarking Higher Education System Performance

    The scope of contemporary higher education is wide, and concerns about the performance of higher education systems are widespread. The number of young people with a higher education qualification is expected to surpass 300 million in OECD and G20 countries by 2030. Higher education systems are faced with challenges that include expanding access, containing costs, and ensuring the quality and relevance of provision. The project on benchmarking higher education system performance provides a comprehensive and empirically rich review of the higher education landscape across OECD countries, taking stock of how well they are performing in meeting their education, research and engagement responsibilities.
  • 6-June-2019

    English

    The Road to Integration - Education and Migration

    Migration has been at the centre of policy debates across the OECD in recent years. This synthesis report identifies eight pillars of policy-making that the Strength through Diversity project has revealed to be crucial if education systems to effectively support newcomers. For each pillar, the report details a set of principles driving the design and implementation of system-level policies and school-level practices. The eight pillars are: 1. consider the heterogeneity of immigrant populations, 2. develop approaches to promote the overall well-being of immigrants, 3. address the unique needs of refugee students, 4. ensure that motivation translates into a key asset for immigrant communities, 5. organise resources to reduce the influence of socio-economic status on the outcomes of immigrants, 6. provide comprehensive language support, 7. build the capacity of teachers to deal with diversity, and 8. break down barriers to social cohesion while ensuring effective service delivery.
  • 5-June-2019

    English, PDF, 4,560kb

    Teaching in Focus brief no. 27 - New insights on teaching and learning: Contributions from TALIS 2018

    Volume I of the results of the Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) 2018, Teachers and School Leaders as Lifelong Learners, will be released on 19 June 2019. It will focus on the knowledge and skills required by teachers and school leaders to provide quality instruction.

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  • 4-June-2019

    English

    OECD Reviews of Evaluation and Assessment in Education: North Macedonia

    How can assessment and evaluation policies work together more effectively to improve student outcomes in primary and secondary schools? The country reports in this series analyse major issues facing evaluation and assessment policy to identify improvements that can be made to enhance the quality, equity and efficiency of school education.The Republic of North Macedonia has made remarkable progress in expanding access to education and strengthening institutional capacity. Yet, the majority of young Macedonians leave school without mastering the basic competencies for life and work and students’ background continues to influence performance. This review, developed in cooperation with UNICEF, provides North Macedonia with recommendations to help strengthen its evaluation and assessment system, by moving towards a system where assessment provides students with helpful feedback to improve learning. It will be of interest to North Macedonia, as well as other countries looking to make more effective use of their evaluation and assessment system to improve quality and equity, and result in better outcomes for all students.
  • 22-mai-2019

    Français

    Stratégie 2019 de l'OCDE sur les compétences - Des compétences pour construire un avenir meilleur

    La Stratégie de l’OCDE sur les compétences propose une approche stratégique et globale afin que les peuples et les pays puissent se doter de compétences leur permettant de s’épanouir dans un monde complexe, interconnecté et en pleine évolution. La nouvelle Stratégie 2019 de l’OCDE sur les compétences tient compte depuis 2012 des enseignements tirés de la mise en œuvre initiale de la stratégie des compétences de l’OCDE dans 11 pays, et intègre également es récentes constatations des effets des mégatendances sur les compétences, telles que la mondialisation, la transformation numérique, le vieillissement de la population et les migrations. La Stratégie tient également compte des nouvelles connaissances de l’OCDE sur les politiques en matière de compétences efficacesqui reposent sur ces trois grands axes: acquérir des compétences utiles tout au long de la vie, utiliser efficacement les compétences dans le cadre professionnel et social et, renforcer la gouvernance des systèmes de compétences.
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  • 20-May-2019

    English

    Improving School Quality in Norway - The New Competence Development Model

    Norway is committed to a high quality and equitable education system, as demonstrated by its high level of public expenditure on education and the dynamic policy activity targeting education quality. Despite progress made in enhancing average student performance in recent years, there still are significant differences between schools in municipalities and between municipalities and regions. In response, Norway has started to implement the new competence development model that sets out to develop teacher professionalism with in-service professional development. With this new policy, the Government of Norway aims to provide municipalities and schools with greater freedom of action and empower them to carry out systematic school improvements at the local level. This decentralised approach would respond to local context and the diversity of needs between Norwegian schools. This report aims to support Norway in this effort, analysing the features of the new model, the engagement of the different stakeholders and the policy context for its introduction. Building on the OECD implementation framework, the report proposes concrete actions to adapt the implementation strategy for impact.The report will be valuable not only for Norway, but also to the many countries that are looking to promote school-based professional development and bridge the gap between policy design and effective implementation.
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