By Date


  • 31-January-2018

    English

    Getting Skills Right: Spain

    This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances in Spain. It provides an assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment between skills acquisition and labour market needs; education and training policies targeting skills development and investment for individuals and employers; activation policies to develop skills through on-the-job learning; and policies facilitating the entry of migrants with skills that are in demand. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat.

  • 14-janvier-2018

    Français

    Atteindre l'égalité femmes-hommes - Un combat difficile

    Les inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes persistent dans tous les domaines de la vie sociale et économique et dans tous les pays. Les jeunes femmes des pays de l’OCDE généralement de plus longues études que les jeunes hommes, mais elles sont moins susceptibles que ces derniers d’exercer une activité rémunérée. Les écarts se creusent avec l’âge car, en règle générale, notamment parce que la maternité a des effets négatifs sur la rémunération et la progression professionnelles des femmes. Celles-ci ont aussi moins tendance à créer leur entreprise, et elles sont sous-représentées au niveau des fonctions dirigeantes dans le secteur privé et dans les institutions publiques.

    Les Recommandations de 2013 et 2015 de l’OCDE sur l’égalité hommes-femmes fournissent des indications sur les moyens de faire progresser l’égalité entre les sexes en matière d’éducation, d’emploi et d’entrepreneuriat et dans la vie publique ; cet ouvrage examine l’évolution récente dans ces domaines en commençant par en donner une vue d’ensemble, puis en présentant 24 courts chapitres qui exposent chacun les principales conclusions dégagées, ainsi que des recommandations pour l’action. Parmi les thèmes traités figurent la violence contre les femmes, la budgétisation sexo-spécifique, le partage inégal du travail non rémunéré, la situation des femmes sur le marché du travail et au sein des migrations internationales. Les disparités existant entre les sexes sont illustrées par une série d’indicateurs. Sont en outre décrites des initiatives récemment prises par les pouvoirs publics, par exemple pour accroître la transparence des salaires dans le but de réduire les écarts de rémunération entre les femmes et les hommes, ou pour encourager les pères à prendre un congé parental. Dans l’ensemble, les progrès sont lents ; il est donc impératif que les pouvoirs publics intensifient leur action pour mettre fin aux inégalités entre les femmes et les hommes dans les domaines de l’éducation, de l’emploi et de l’entrepreneuriat et dans la vie publique.

    La version complète de cette publication sera disponible début 2018.

    Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)
  • 21-December-2017

    English

    Getting Skills Right: Italy

    This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances in Italy. It provides an assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment of skills acquisitions with labour market needs; the design of education and training systems and their responsiveness to changing skill needs; the re-training of unemployed individuals; and the improvement of skills use and skills matching in the labour market. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD Secretariat.

  • 20-décembre-2017

    Français

    Examen multidimensionnel du Sénégal - Volume 2. Analyse approfondie et recommandations

    Le Sénégal ambitionne d'être un pays émergent en 2035.  Depuis 2014, le pays a mis en œuvre la première phase de sa stratégie décennale dénommée « Plan Sénégal Émergent ». En 2016, la croissance du PIB a franchi le seuil des 6 % pour la deuxième année consécutive et les projections économiques sont favorables. Néanmoins, des contraintes ont été identifiées pour parvenir à l'émergence : le fonctionnement des systèmes éducatif et fiscal et la performance de l'administration publique. Ce deuxième volume a pour objectif de proposer des réformes visant à lever ces contraintes pour consolider la relation de confiance entre l'État sénégalais et sa population, gage de la marche vers l'émergence.

  • 6-December-2017

    English

    Getting Skills Right: Good Practice in Adapting to Changing Skill Needs - A Perspective on France, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the United Kingdom

    This report identifies effective strategies to tackle skills imbalances, based on five country-specific policy notes for France, Italy, Spain, South Africa and the United Kingdom. It provides a comparative assessment of practices and policies in the following areas: the collection and use of information on skill needs to foster a better alignment of skills acquisitions with labour market needs; the design of education and training systems and their responsiveness to changing skill needs; the re-training of unemployed individuals; and the improvement of skills use and skills matching in the labour market. The assessment is based on country visits, desk research and data analysis conducted by the OECD secretariat in the five countries reviewed. Examples of good practice from other countries are also discussed.

  • 6-December-2017

    English

    Educational Opportunity for All - Overcoming Inequality throughout the Life Course

    Equitable educational opportunities can help to promote long-lasting, inclusive economic growth and social cohesion. Successful education and skills policies can empower individuals to reach their full potential and enjoy the fruits of their labour, regardless of their circumstances at birth. However, as this report shows, far too many children, students and adults from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds fall behind. In many countries, substantial learning gaps exist between students at opposite ends of the socio-economic scale, and these differences tend to increase in the transition into adulthood. All countries have ample room for improvement to ensure better learning outcomes for all. Early childhood education has been identified as an important element in future success, and requires investment, as do family and community-based support and programmes for children from families that have not attained a high level of education and skills. In the schools, targeted support is necessary for low performers from disadvantaged backgrounds and for poorly performing schools. As for the adult population, learning should be focused on improving employability, through a combination of education and practical job training. Barriers to participation in learning need to be removed, and delivery methods need to be more innovative and flexible. Targeted support is needed for the most vulnerable members of society.

  • 1-December-2017

    English

    OECD Reviews of School Resources: Chile 2017

    This country review report for Chile provides, from an international perspective, an independent analysis of major issues facing the use of school resources in Chile, current policy initiatives, and possible future approaches. The report serves three purposes: i) to provide insights and advice to Chilean education authorities; ii) to help other countries understand the Chilean approach to the use of school resources; and iii) to provide input for the comparative analysis of the OECD School Resources Review. The analysis in the report focusses on the following areas: i) the funding of school education (including planning, distribution, incentives and monitoring); ii) equity resourcing policies targeted at specific groups of students; iii) school organisation and the operation of schools; and iv) the teaching profession.

  • 30-November-2017

    English

    Education in Chile

    Chile’s education system can foster stronger economic, democratic and social development in the country. There are significant macroeconomic benefits to education, such as increased productivity. That said, individuals tend to benefit the most from high-quality, equitable education systems.

    In 2004, the OECD performed a review of national education policies and an analysis of the Chilean education system. This review aims to identify key changes in the Chilean education system mainly from 2004-16, in order to analyse where education in Chile stands today and offer recommendations to help provide better education opportunities for all Chileans in the coming years. The review therefore examines different areas of education policy in Chile, from early childhood education and care (ECEC) to higher education.

  • 29-November-2017

    English

    Supporting Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Higher Education in Hungary

    This report presents evidence-based analysis of current strategies and practices in higher education institutions (HEIs) in Hungary towards a value-creating use of knowledge resources for innovation and entrepreneurship. The analysis and recommendations are highly relevant for policy makers and HEI leaders in other countries. Increased attention to innovation and entrepreneurship both from public policy actors and HEI leadership has triggered an incremental change process in the organisational culture of HEIs and a new approach to education and research for students and staff. HEInnovate is a joint initiative of the European Commission and the OECD to promote the innovative and entrepreneurial higher education institution across Europe and beyond (www.heinnovate.eu).

  • 21-November-2017

    English

    Archived webinar - "PISA 2015 Results (Volume V) - Collaborative Problem Solving"

    with Andreas Schleicher - Director for the Directorate of Education and Skills (November 21, 2017)

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