Skills and human capital are the bedrock upon which Portugal is building a new bridge to growth.
Skills and human capital are the bedrock upon which Portugal is building a new road to growth. After a challenging period characterised by high levels of unemployment, strong fiscal constraints and accelerated reform, Portugal has successfully completed a demanding adjustment programme and is setting its sights high.
Last Saturday, 14 April, Equal Pay Day reminded the world again of the large gap between men’s and women’s wages. Eradicating unjustifiable gender inequalities in earnings seems to be very hard to accomplish.
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Des inégalités persistent entre les sexes dans certains domaines : les hommes sont ainsi plus nombreux à étudier les sciences, l’informatique et l’ingénierie, tandis que les femmes dominent les domaines de l’éducation, de la santé et de la protection sociale.
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Gender differences still exist in certain fields, with more men studying science, computing and engineering, and with women dominating education and health and welfare.
Education Indicators in Focus is a recurring series of briefs that highlight specific indicators in OECD’s Education at a Glance that are of particular interest to policy makers and practitioners.
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The United Arab Emirates is identified by PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) as one of the most rapidly improving education systems in the world. However its students still perform well below the levels expected in advanced economies.
Higher level vocational education and training (VET) programmes are facing rapid change and intensifying challenges. This report on Egypt examines what type of training is needed to meet the needs of a changing economy, how programmes should be funded, how theyshould be linked to academic and university programmes and how employers and unions can be engaged. The country reports in this series look at these and other questions. They form part of Skills beyond School, the OECD policy review of postsecondary vocational education and training.
Entre 2000 et 2012, le pourcentage de jeunes adultes (25-34 ans) diplômés de l’enseignement tertiaire a augmenté de plus de 3 % par an, en moyenne, dans les pays de l’OCDE. En moyenne, dans les 24 entités nationales et infranationales ayant pris part à l’Évaluation des compétences des adultes de l’OCDE, 39 % des adultes ont atteint un niveau de formation supérieur à celui de leurs parents.
Over the past decades, education systems have expanded enormously. They provide opportunities for many more students than before to access and succeed in secondary and tertiary education.