Latest Documents


  • 4-December-2017

    English

    Education Indicators in Focus No. 56: Who really bears the cost of education? How the burden of education expenditure shifts from the public to the private

    Despite the obvious benefits derived from education, governments face difficult trade-offs when balancing the share of public and private contributions to education.

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  • 4-December-2017

    English

    Who really bears the cost of education? (OECD Education Today Blog)

    It can be difficult to get your head around education finance. Who actually pays for it, where does the money come from, and how is it spent are all crucial questions to ask if you want to understand how the money flows in education.

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  • 20-novembre-2017

    Français

    Perspectives de l'OCDE sur les compétences 2017 - Compétences et chaînes de valeur mondiales

    Depuis les années 90, le monde est entré dans une nouvelle phase de la mondialisation. Les technologies de l’information et des communications, la libéralisation des échanges et la baisse des coûts de transport ont permis aux entreprises et aux pays de segmenter le processus de production en chaînes de valeur mondiales (CVM). De nombreux produits sont désormais conçus dans un pays et assemblés dans un autre, à partir de pièces fabriquées dans plusieurs pays. Trente pour cent de la valeur des exportations des pays de l’OCDE proviennent de l’étanger. Dans ce nouveau contexte, les CVM et les compétences sont plus étroitement liées que jamais. Les compétences jouent un rôle clé dans la caractérisation des avantages comparatifs des pays dans les CVM. Nombre des opportunités et des défis induits par les CVM sont déterminés par les compétences de chaque pays.

    L’édition 2017 des Perspectives de l’OCDE sur les compétences montre comment les pays peuvent tirer pleinement parti des chaînes de valeur mondiales, sur les plans économique et social, en investissant dans les compétences de leur population. Il est essentiel à cet égard d’adopter une approche interministérielle. Les pays doivent mettre au point un ensemble cohérent de politiques en lien avec les compétences, telles que la politique éducative, la législation sur la protection de l’emploi et la politique migratoire, en coordination avec la politique commerciale et la politique de l’innovation. Ce rapport présente de nouvelles analyses à partir de l’Enquête sur les compétences des adultes et de la base de données sur les échanges en valeur ajoutée. Il explique également ce que les pays devraient faire pour se spécialiser dans des secteurs d’activité technologiquement avancés.

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  • 17-November-2017

    English

    How much will the literacy level of working-age people change from now to 2022? (OECD Education Today Blog)

    Taken as a whole, the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) present a mixed picture for Korea and Singapore. As their economies have grown, these two countries’ education systems have seen fast and impressive improvements; both now rank among PISA’s top performers.

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  • 16-November-2017

    English

    Is the growth of international student mobility coming to a halt? (OECD Education Today Blog)

    Higher education is one of the most globally integrated systems of the modern world. There still are important barriers to the international recognition of degrees or the transfer of credits, but some of the basic features of higher education enjoy global convergence and collaboration.

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  • 15-November-2017

    English

    Is free higher education fair? (OECD Education Today Blog)

    Skills have become the currency of 21st century economies and, despite the significant increase the UK has seen in university graduation over the last decade, the earnings of workers with a Master’s degree remain over 80% higher than those of workers with just five good GCSEs or an equivalent vocational qualification.

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  • 31-October-2017

    English

    Education Indicators in Focus N° 55 - What are the gender differences and the labour market outcomes across the different fields of study?

    Although girls and boys perform similarly in the PISA science assessment at age 15, girls are less likely than boys to envision a career in science and engineering, even in countries where they outperform them.

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  • 30-October-2017

    English

    The fork in the road towards gender equality (OECD Education Today Blog)

    Gender biases can be persistent. Too persistent. A simple exercise to illustrate the point: Picture a doctor or a professor. You will most likely think of a man. Now think of nurses and teachers and you are likely to imagine a woman. This unconscious gender bias is rooted in years of associating male and female attributes to specific roles in society. Inevitably, it also influences students’ career choices.

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  • 27-October-2017

    English

    Computers and the Future of Skill Demand

    Computer scientists are working on reproducing all human skills using artificial intelligence, machine learning and robotics. Unsurprisingly then, many people worry that these advances will dramatically change work skills in the years ahead and perhaps leave many workers unemployable.

    This report develops a new approach to understanding these computer capabilities by using a test based on the OECD’s Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) to compare computers with human workers. The test assesses three skills that are widely used at work and are an important focus of education: literacy, numeracy and problem solving with computers.

    Most workers in OECD countries use the three skills every day. However, computers are close to reproducing these skills at the proficiency level of most adults in the workforce. Only 13% of workers now use these skills on a daily basis with a proficiency that is clearly higher than computers.

    The findings raise troubling questions about whether most workers will be able to acquire the skills they need as these new computer capabilities are increasingly used over the next few decades. To answer those questions, the report’s approach could be extended across the full range of work skills. We need to know how computers and people compare across all skills to develop successful policies for work and education for the future.

  • 5-October-2017

    English

    Closing Italy’s skills gap is everyone’s business Why innovation becomes imperative in education (OECD Education Today Blog)

    Closing Italy’s skills gap is everyone’s business Why innovation becomes imperative in education (OECD Education Today Blog)

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