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  • 20-novembre-2017

    Français

    Perspectives de l'OCDE sur les compétences 2017 - Compétences et chaînes de valeur mondiales

    Depuis les années 90, le monde est entré dans une nouvelle phase de la mondialisation. Les technologies de l’information et des communications, la libéralisation des échanges et la baisse des coûts de transport ont permis aux entreprises et aux pays de segmenter le processus de production en chaînes de valeur mondiales (CVM). De nombreux produits sont désormais conçus dans un pays et assemblés dans un autre, à partir de pièces fabriquées dans plusieurs pays. Trente pour cent de la valeur des exportations des pays de l’OCDE proviennent de l’étanger. Dans ce nouveau contexte, les CVM et les compétences sont plus étroitement liées que jamais. Les compétences jouent un rôle clé dans la caractérisation des avantages comparatifs des pays dans les CVM. Nombre des opportunités et des défis induits par les CVM sont déterminés par les compétences de chaque pays.

    L’édition 2017 des Perspectives de l’OCDE sur les compétences montre comment les pays peuvent tirer pleinement parti des chaînes de valeur mondiales, sur les plans économique et social, en investissant dans les compétences de leur population. Il est essentiel à cet égard d’adopter une approche interministérielle. Les pays doivent mettre au point un ensemble cohérent de politiques en lien avec les compétences, telles que la politique éducative, la législation sur la protection de l’emploi et la politique migratoire, en coordination avec la politique commerciale et la politique de l’innovation. Ce rapport présente de nouvelles analyses à partir de l’Enquête sur les compétences des adultes et de la base de données sur les échanges en valeur ajoutée. Il explique également ce que les pays devraient faire pour se spécialiser dans des secteurs d’activité technologiquement avancés.

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  • 17-November-2017

    English

    How much will the literacy level of working-age people change from now to 2022? (OECD Education Today Blog)

    Taken as a whole, the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC) present a mixed picture for Korea and Singapore. As their economies have grown, these two countries’ education systems have seen fast and impressive improvements; both now rank among PISA’s top performers.

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  • 16-November-2017

    English

    Is the growth of international student mobility coming to a halt? (OECD Education Today Blog)

    Higher education is one of the most globally integrated systems of the modern world. There still are important barriers to the international recognition of degrees or the transfer of credits, but some of the basic features of higher education enjoy global convergence and collaboration.

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  • 15-November-2017

    English

    Is free higher education fair? (OECD Education Today Blog)

    Skills have become the currency of 21st century economies and, despite the significant increase the UK has seen in university graduation over the last decade, the earnings of workers with a Master’s degree remain over 80% higher than those of workers with just five good GCSEs or an equivalent vocational qualification.

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  • 14-November-2017

    English

    Register for the webinar - PISA 2015 Results (Volume V): Collaborative Problem Solving (Tuesday, 21 November,16:00 Paris time)

    The assessment examines students’ ability to work with two or more people to try to solve a problem. The report highlights how students’ gender, socio-economic status and immigrant background are related to their performance in the assessment and to their attitudes towards collaboration in general.

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  • 9-November-2017

    English

    Teaching in Focus No. 19: How do teachers become knowledgeable and confident in classroom management? Insights from a pilot study

    The Innovative Teaching for Effective Learning (ITEL) Teacher Knowledge Survey is the first international study to explore the nature, function and development of teachers’ pedagogical knowledge, i.e. what teachers know about teaching and learning.

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  • 9-November-2017

    English

    What matters for managing classrooms? (OECD Education Today Blog)

    Teaching is a demanding profession. Teachers are responsible for developing the skills and knowledge of their students, helping them overcome social and emotional hurdles and maintaining equitable, cohesive and productive classroom environments. On top of their teaching responsibilities, they are also expected to engage in continued professional development activities throughout their careers.

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  • 1-November-2017

    English

    Education and Skills Newsletter - October 2017

    What's new in education and skills at the OECD?

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  • 31-October-2017

    English

    PISA in Focus No. 77: How does PISA measure students’ ability to collaborate?

    Solving unfamiliar problems on one’s own is important, but in today’s increasingly interconnected world, people are often required to collaborate in order to achieve their goals. Teamwork has numerous benefits, from a diverse range of opinions to synergies among team members, and assigning tasks to those who are best suited to them.

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  • 31-October-2017

    English

    How PISA measures students’ ability to collaborate (OECD Education Today Blog)

    Late next month (21 November, to be exact) we’ll be releasing the results PISA’s first-ever assessment of students’ ability to solve problems collaboratively. Why has PISA focused on this particular set of skills? Because in today’s increasingly interconnected world, people are often required to collaborate in order to achieve their objectives, both in the workplace and in their personal lives.

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