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  • 24-March-2004

    English, , 284kb

    What Accounts for International Differences in Student Performance? A Re-examination using PISA data

    We use the PISA student-level achievement database to estimate international education production functions. Student characteristics, family backgrounds, home inputs, resources, teachers, and institutions are all significantly related to math, science, and reading achievement. Our models account for more than 85% of the between-country performance variation, with roughly 25% accruing to institutional variation. Student performance is

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  • 4-mars-2004

    Français

    Examens des politiques nationales d'éducation - Chili

    Au Chili, l’éducation est une grande priorité depuis le retour au pouvoir d’un gouvernement démocratique en 1990. Le Chili a apporté un certain nombre d’améliorations essentielles à son système éducatif depuis lors, notamment grâce à une croissance économique soutenue et à l’engagement pris par les pouvoirs publics d’accroître leurs investissements dans l’éducation. Une récente réforme garantit à tous les enfants chiliens une

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  • 1-March-2004

    English

    UNESCO/OECD guidelines on "Quality provision in cross-border higher education"

    In the context of increasing and new forms of cross-border provision of higher education, there is a need for new international initiatives to enhance quality provision in cross-border higher education at a global level by further strengthening quality assurance, accreditation and recognition of qualifications schemes at both national and international levels through the development of non-binding international guidelines on “Quality

  • 17-February-2004

    English, , 619kb

    Early Childhood Education and Care - Background Report of the United States

    Early childhood education and care experienced a surge of policy attention in OECD countries during the 1990s. Women – including mothers of young children - were joining the labour market in ever greater numbers, with a corresponding need for more childcare places and long-day kindergarten. Policy makers recognised that equitable access to quality early childhood education and care could both support the social needs of families and

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  • 17-février-2004

    Français, , 3,353kb

  • 16-février-2004

    Français, , 1,140kb

    Orientation professionnelle et politique publique: comment combler l'écart

    Les pays de l’OCDE attachent une importance grandissante aux politiques de formation tout au long de la vie et aux politiques actives de l’emploi, en tant qu’instruments de la croissance économique et de l’équité sociale. Des systèmes efficaces d’information et d’orientation sont essentiels pour étayer la mise en œuvre de ces politiques, et tous les citoyens doivent acquérir les compétences nécessaires pour gérer eux-mêmes leur

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  • 12-February-2004

    English

    Completing the Foundation for Lifelong Learning - An OECD Survey of Upper Secondary Schools

    Changing economic and social conditions are giving education a central role in the success of individuals and nations. As the final stage of formal education for the majority of students in OECD countries, upper secondary education is a crucial link. How successful are upper secondary schools in meeting the demands of modern societies and what are the main obstacles that they perceive in preparing young adults for life and a longer

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  • 9-February-2004

    English

    ECEC Archives

    The Review was initiated by the OECD Education Committee in 1996. The actual reviewing of the OECD countries began in 1998 and was completed in 2004. Twenty countries particited in the review: Australia, Austria, Belgium (two communities), Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.

  • 9-February-2004

    English

    Early Childhood Education and Care

    The Review was initiated by the OECD Education Committee in 1996. The actual reviewing of the OECD countries began in 1998 and was completed in 2004. Twenty countries particited in the review: Australia, Austria, Belgium (two communities), Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States.

  • 6-February-2004

    English, , 530kb

    Attracting, Developing and Retaining Effective Teachers - Background Report for Chile

    Chile has experienced major political, economic and social changes in the last three decades. Three democratic governments led by the same political coalition (Concertación de Partidos por la Democracia) have taken the reins of the country since 1990 after 17 years of an authoritarian military government. The military government (1973-1990) carried out a reform program of the school system in Chile aiming to decentralize its

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