L'écart de revenu par rapport aux pays les plus performants ne se résorbe que lentement. La baisse de l'offre de main-d’œuvre et le déséquilibre entre offre et demande de qualifications posent des risques pour la compétitivité. Des réformes sont nécessaires pour augmenter la productivité et utiliser au mieux la base de capital humain de l'Estonie.
Estonia was among the countries hardest hit by the crisis, but it is bouncing back strongly. Nonetheless, Estonia is still a ‘catch-up country’, with some distance to travel before it closes the income gap with top-performing OECD countries.
The Secretary-General of the OECD was in Tallinn on 28 January to launch the Economic Survey of Estonia 2015.
Angel Gurría has presented President Santos with our report “Colombia: Policy Priorities for Inclusive Development”. This report supplements the Economic Survey of Colombia released on 19 January, reflecting the close co-operation between the OECD and the Colombian Government in designing the National Development Plan 2014-2018, which seeks to bring about a Colombia where there is peace, greater equity and better education.
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Colombia’s recent economic performance has been one of the most dynamic in Latin America. Embarking on a path toward inclusive growth is vital in the context of eradicating poverty, providing opportunities for its growing middle class and solidifying progress towards lasting peace. The road ahead to high-income status will be demanding and calls for major policy initiatives in education, innovation, infrastructure and rural development.
Africa has made significant progress in recent years but important challenges to African development remain that we can break down into three linked areas. Let’s call them the “three i’s”: interconnectedness, investment, and inclusiveness.
The OECD and the Government of Kazakhstan are signing today in Davos a Memorandum of Understanding on a two-year Country Programme, which will support an ambitious set of reforms of Kazakhstan’s policies and institutions.
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The global economy continues to run at low speed and many countries, particularly in Europe, seem unable to overcome the legacies of the crisis. With high unemployment, high inequality and low trust still weighing heavily, it is imperative to swiftly implement reforms that boost demand and employment and raise potential growth.
L’économie colombienne a réalisé un excellent parcours durant la dernière décennie, mais une réforme fiscale d’envergure qui encourage l’investissement en dehors du secteur pétrolier et minier est nécessaire pour inscrire le pays sur une trajectoire de croissance forte, durable et inclusive, selon la dernière Étude économique de la Colombie de l’OCDE.
Seven years on from the financial crisis, and we are still dealing with its legacies: low growth is slowly picking up; unemployment, despite moving in the right direction remains stubbornly high, especially in the euro area; and income inequality, which was already rising, has worsened.